Progressive Era

  • The Homestead Act of 1862

    The Homestead Act of 1862
    Lincoln signed the homestead act on May 20, 1862. Daniel Freeman made the first claim under the Act. This gave the citizens up to 160 acres of land to live on, which also included to improve it and pay a small fee.
  • First Transcontinental Railroad

    First Transcontinental Railroad
    The presidents met in Utah to drive a ceremonial last spike into a rail line to connect the railroads. This railroad made it possible to travel for the first time. This railroad was a 1911 mile continuous railroad line that was between 1863 and 1869.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Act established a system of selecting government officials and supervising their work. This act picked government employees through a competitive exam. Pendleton Act transformed nature of public service. Only 10 percent of the government 13,200 employees were covered. While today people are well educated and trained for federal services.
  • Sherman Act of 1890

    Sherman Act of 1890
    The first federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices. This was the first measure that was passed by the United States Congress. This was to prohibit trusts. Lots of states passed similar laws and these were limited to businesses.
  • Socialist Party of America

    Socialist Party of America
    This was a socialist political party in the United States formed in 1901. This was created by a merger between a three year old social Democratic Party of America. This disaffected elements of the Labor party. This spilt from the organization in 1899.
  • Black hand The Mafia

    Black hand The Mafia
    This method was very rude. This was a method for wealthy Italians who were vectored for Monet. The victims were sent a letter which stated they could come to violence if they do not pay a sum of money. Johnny Torrio was the person who organized this.
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    The Jungle was written by Upton Sinclair. The purpose behind this novel describes the meat industry and its working conditions was to advance socialism in the Unites States. This novel was written to get the government more involved with society problems. This was because they didn't want society to take care of itself though natural selection.
  • Meat Inspection Act of 1906

    Meat Inspection Act of 1906
    This act prohibited the sale of adulterated or misbranded livestock. Products like food, this ensured that livestock were slaughtered and processed under sanitary condition. Sinclair wrote The Jungle to expose the working conditions in the meat packing industry. Diseased, rotten, and contained meat shocked the public which lead to a new food law.
  • Teddy Roosevelt as President

    Teddy Roosevelt as President
    Theodore Roosevelt started his presidency on September 4, 1901. Theodore became the 26th president of the United States. This was after the assassination of William McKinley.
  • Clayton Act of 1914

    Clayton Act of 1914
    This act continued to regulate the United States business practice today. This intended to strengthen earlier antitrust legislation. There were two parts of this Clayton Act, the Robinson Patman (1936) and the Seller Kefaurer Act (1950).