Presidential Timeline

  • Judiciary Act of 1789 (Political)

    This policy gave Congress the power to determine the number of justices on the Supreme Court.It also created lower courts.
  • Washington's Presidency (Political)

    George Washington took presidency and gave his inaugural address, He seperated the executive and legislative branches. he created the; Secretary of State, The Treasury, The War Department, and the Justice Department whcih formed the Cabinet. This structure is still used today.
  • The President's decision (Economic)

    President Washington signs a bill into law that permanently places the nation's capital along the Potamic River, later it would be called the District of Columbia.
  • Neutralization Law (Social)

    Congress passes the U.S. first Neutralization Law, establishing terms of citizenship.
  • Proclamation Of Neutrality (Economic)

    President Washington warned Americans to avoid either side in the emerging conflict between Britain and France.
  • Jay's Treaty (Diplomatic)

    Treaty that averted a war between GBR and the US over the British Seizure of American ships.
  • Treaty of Greenville (Diplomatic)

    12 Indian nations ceded huge amounts of land in the Midwest to the US.
  • Washington's Farewell Address (Social

    This speech offered many suggestions for the nation and its citizens to live and interact with each other and other nations (notably Britain)
  • "XYZ Affair" (Diplomatic)

    The "XYZ" Affair was when Americans were outraged by the demand of the French for a bribe as a condition for negotiaiting with American diploamts
  • The "Quasi War" (Diplomatic)

    President Adams feared for a French Invasion and declared war between the U.S. & France.
  • The Alien and Sedition Acts (Political)

    This was passed by Congress, which four acts that targeted Immigrants and violated freedom of Speech.
  • Suffrage (Social)

    4 states had universal white male suffrage; this led to voter turnout increases
  • Revolution of 1800

    First successful transition of parties in US history.
  • Rise of Literature (Social)

    Literature such as Mason Locke Weems's "Life of Washington" epitomized the zenith of the Revolutionary era and growth of literature.
  • Financial Bankruptcy (Economic)

    Congress passes amd Adams signs into law, the Federal Bankruptcy, providing merchants and traders protection from debtors.
  • The Library of Congress (Economic)

    A resolution is passed and eventually signed by President Adams calling for the establishment of a library of Congress.
  • LA Purchase (Economic)

    Thomas Jefferson's purchase over doubled the size of the US. This was the largest peaceful acquisition of territory in US history.
  • Marbury vs. Madison (Political)

    Supreme court decision that created judicial review by ruling unconstitutional part of the Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Election of 1804 (Political)

    Jefferson's victory was so decisive over the Federalists, and he wooed moderate federalists so much, that the Federalist party was diminished to a mere sectional group.
  • British Impressment (Diplomatic)

    Due to British and French difficulties, the US was caught in the middle and therefore faced impressment, This developed the US's problem with neutral rights.
  • Neutral Rights (diplomatic

    Increased impressment and Napoleonic conquer led to the US becoming neutral between France and GBR
  • Embargo Act (Economic)

    Act passed by Congress prohibiting American ships from leaving for any foreign ports. This was a disaster for American trade.
  • LA adopts French legal code (Social)

    Some of this law still remains today. At the same time, it prolonged the state's admittance into the Union.
  • Peaceable Coercion (Social)

    Jefferson ended his presidency due to a failure of "peaceable coercion"
  • Treaty of Fort Wayne (Economic)

    The US gained 3 million acres of Delaware and Potawatomi land in Indiana under Madison.
  • War Hawks (social)

    A group of Congressman constructed this group that aggressively pushed for war against GBR.
  • Battle of Tippencanoe (dipl.)

    Harrison's army was attacked by the army of Tecumseh. The attack failed. This led to Tecumseh joining in alliance with Britain.
  • War of 1812 (dipl.)

    The US entered this war against Britain. This was largely over British restrictions on American Ships. This war was deeply decisive along sectional lines in the US,
  • Hartford Convention (social)

    This convention culminated from war opposition. It included many NE federalists.
  • Nullification (political)

    Constitutional doctrine holding that a state has a legal right to declare a national law null and void within its borders.
  • Madison's message to Congess (political)

    Madison proposed the american system and endorsed it. This led to Monroe continuing these measures.
  • Second Bank of the US (economic)

    A national bank chartered by Congress with extensive regulatory powers over currency and credit.
  • Jackson's first message to Congress (Political)

    Recommended eliminating the Electoral college.
  • Indian Removal Act (dipl.)

    Jackson's measure that allowed state officials to override federal protection of Native Americans.
  • Veto of the Bank (economic)

    Jackson killed the bank, denouncing it as unconstitutional. This was one of the strongest veto messages in American History.
  • Bank War (economic)

    Struggle between Jackson and supporters of the Second Bank oif the US.
  • Election of 1832 (social)

    Jackson won decisively due to great popular success of his bank veto. He defeated Clay in the battle for popular opinion.
  • Nullification Crisis (Political)

    When SC nullified the tariffs, Jackson sent armed forces to threaten Calhoun.
  • Trail of (dipl.)

    The forced march of Cherokee Indians from their homelands in GA to the Indian Territory of the West.
  • Emergence of American Bipartisan (social)

    Opposition to Jackson's measures so heavily mounted into the emergence of a two-party system in America.