Nick's Civil War Timeline

  • Invention of the cotton gin

    Invention of the cotton gin
    The invention of the cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry. The cotton gin saved hundreds of many toilsome hours of man-labor. By having the cotton gin more cotton would be produces and sold at a much quicker pace. The wuicker pace would generate more income for the planters in the southern states. It also produced cheaper cloth. Cotton became the cash crop of the south. The south earned it's nickname "King-Cotton"
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    The Underground Railroad, despite being called that was not actually underground. The Underground Railroad was actually physical tracks through the country-side land. The Railroad was the largest North American freedom movement. Escaping slaves did not just travel by land. They also travelled by sea, lake, river, canal, and rail. Many different religions supported the Underground Railroad, in that slaves should be emancipated, which would result in the abolition of slaves.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    To preserve the balance of power in congress between slave and free states of , the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was passed. With the compromise now passed Missouri was now allowed to become a slave state and Maine as a free state. THe law prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36 30 lat line. In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the Missouri Compromiser was repealed.
  • Wilmont Proviso

    Wilmont Proviso
    The Wilmont Proviso was a short statement, stating that slve would not be allowed in territories during the Mexican-American War. The Wilmont Proviso was actually written by Judge Jacob Brinkerhoff, a Ohio Represenative. The Wilmont Proviso was later revised to become the 14th amendment to the constitution.
  • Compromise of 1850 with Fugitive Slave Act

    Compromise of 1850 with Fugitive Slave Act
    The Fugitive Slave Law was part of the group of laws that are reffered to as the Compromise of 1850. In the compromise California becomes a free state. Prohibition of slaves was enforced also in the District of Columbia. With the existence of the Compromise it holds on to end slavery years later.
  • Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
    In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe daughter of Lyman Stowe wrote a book on how she viewed slavery. The book ended up changing the lives of Americans. The book pressed freedom and equality. The publishing of Uncle Tom's Cabin became one of the reasons of the Civil War to outbreak. In the South the book was banned from reading. The book ended up becoming globalized to many different countries around the world.
  • Caning of Charles Sumner

    Caning of Charles Sumner
    In Washington, an abolitionist congressman, Charles Sumner, enraged over the incident known as “Bloody Kansas,” the burning and murders in the city of Lawrence. He blamed South Carolina’s Senator Butler and pro-slavery Senators for the death of his abolitionist friends. Two days later, Senator Butler’s cousin, Representative Preston Brooks, marched into Congress and attacked Senator Sumner from behind with a cane and beat him. Charles Sumner took over two years to recover from the beating.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott was an African-American slave. He was taken by his master, who was an officer in the U.S. Army, from the slave state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois and then to the free territory of Wisconsin. He lived on free soil for a long period of time. When the Army ordered his master to go back to Missouri, he took Scott with him back to that slave state, where his master died. In 1846, Scott was helped by Abolitionist lawyers to sue. The case ended up going to the Supreme Court.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates with Freeport Doctrine

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates with Freeport Doctrine
    The debates between Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln were held during the 1858 campaign for a US Senate seat from Illinois. Douglas, a Democrat, was the incumbent Senator, having been elected in 1847.He helped enact the Compromise of 1850.Lincoln was a relative unknown at the beginning of the debates. Lincoln stated that the US could not survive as half-slave and half-free states. Although Lincoln would lose the Senate race in 1858, he would beat Douglas out in the 1860 race for President.
  • Raid on Harper's Ferry

    Raid on Harper's Ferry
    On the night of October 16, 1859, Brown, staged his last and most daring raid. It was an assault on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia which housed an arsenal of more than 100,000 rifles and muskets. Brown's group of 22 men included three of Brown's sons, a fugitive slave and four free blacks. Brown's goal was to seize the arsenal. Brown and his men initially took control of the armory. Within 36 hours Marines captured Brown and the others. Brown was sentenced to death.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
  • Formation of Confederate States of America

    Formation of Confederate States of America
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
  • Battle at Antietam

    Battle at Antietam
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
  • Siege at Vicksburg ended

    Siege at Vicksburg ended
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
  • Election of 1864

    Election of 1864
  • Sherman's "March to the Sea"

    Sherman's "March to the Sea"
  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
  • Siege of Richmond, VA

    Siege of Richmond, VA
  • Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia

    Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia
  • Assasination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assasination of Abraham Lincoln
  • 13th Amendment Ratified

    13th Amendment Ratified
  • 14th Amendment ratified

    14th Amendment ratified
  • 15th Amendment ratified

    15th Amendment ratified
  • Election of 1876

    Election of 1876