Neoclassical European Architecture By daviddevries Mar 22, 1400 Rome Roman architecture underwent many transformations, and came to mean several different things. Romans architecture traveled with them, and expanded. May 13, 1400 Castles Fortifications come in all shapes and sizes. Some are straggling like the Great Wall of China, others are more circular, such as a earthwork crowning a hilltop. Mar 22, 1500 High Renaissance Pope Julius II wanted to redesign the chrurch of Constantine, so he rebuilt and remodeled it. The Bramante Saint Peters was a vast and dome shaped building on Greek cross-plain. Aug 4, 1500 Michaelangelo He was a very famous sculpter and architect. He painted the Sistine Chapel, and did works for King Julius II. May 24, 1510 Raphael and Giulio Romano Raphael was a designer of great palaces and Roman church design, also made House of Raphael. Giulio Romanos work was traced back in relationship to the imperial age. Mar 21, 1555 16th Century Architecture During the secong half of the 16th century there was a great deal of architectural activity, also rules were formulated during this time about having the proffession of an architect. Mar 22, 1600 Baroque The word "Baroque" originally meant mishappen or irregular-particularly with reference to pearls-but was applied by art historians in the 19th century Nov 14, 1600 Greece Greek architecture began in the service of religion. They formed many temples to worship Gods. They were very precise about the shape, and size of the materials they used. Jun 24, 1750 Enlightenment After the great Baroque systems had lost their impetus and self confidence, a fundamentally new sound situation came into being- the Enlightenment Mar 22, 1850 Colonial styles Colonial architecture has special problems. When a new land or nation is captured, its inhabitants to adapt and use different building materials for their building type. Feb 25, 1900 Developments Since 1918 Efforts to introduce a style of architecture which responded to new social needs and required new materials were tenetive and fragmentory. Mar 22, 1900 Gothic Architecture A considerable percent of Europe still lives in miedeval villages with Gothic architecture. Jul 10, 1910 Towards Modern Architecture A different type of housing experiment was planned in London where high standard vernacular style homes were built around a church in general stores. Mar 22, 1935 Functionalism Between the two world wars the architectual scene was dominated by international style. This indicates the variety and apparent confusion of the 19th century. Aug 15, 1956 Romanesque Architecture Inumerable Romanesque churches, monasteries, and castles, still give a characteristic note to European architecture.