Music and history

  • 476

    Start of the Middle Age

    The division of The Roman Empire
  • 500

    Creation of the universities

  • Period: 500 to 1400

    Feudalism

    Feudalism is the political, economic and social system that developed in European countries during the Middle Ages.
  • 1000

    Troubadours

    Were educated artists, poets or musicians, in some cases, from the
    noble.
  • 1000

    Music notation

    Was created in the Middle Ages. Previously, texts were sung, but the melodies were not written down, they were passed on orally. In monasteries, scribes began to draw symbols over the texts to help monks remember the melody.
  • 1054

    Eastern schism

    Long process of separation between the Christian Churches of East and West.
  • Period: 1170 to 1310

    Ars antiqua

    Refers to the music of Europe from the late Middle Ages roughly between 1170 and 1310, spanning the period of the Notre Dame School of polyphony and the years after. It includes the 12th and 13th centuries.
  • 1200

    The five-line stave began to be used

  • Period: 1240 to 1302

    Cimabue

  • 1300

    Jongleurs

    Were musicians and actors from poor families who played songs
    composed by troubadours.
  • Period: 1310 to 1377

    Ars nova

    Ars nova is an expression due to the theoretician Philippe de Vitry who designates musical production, both French and Italian, after the last works of the ars antiqua until the predominance of the Burgundian school, which will occupy the first place in the musical panorama of the West in the fifteenth century.
  • 1400

    The five-line stave became the norm

  • 1492

    End of the Middle Age

    Discoverment of America.