Maria Montessori

  • 1870

    Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Ancona (Italy) on August 31
  • 1896

    Montessori graduated medical school
  • 1900

    Montessori worked at the Orthophrenic School where she trained teachers in the care and education of the feebleminded. Here is where some of her first experiences with children created foundational aspects of her method. She observed the children and saw they simply needed something to do to stimulate their senses.
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    Montessori studied education, experimental psychology, and anthropology at the University of Rome. While incorporating her observations she also lectures at the university in the education and biology department that also leads her to her second book -- Pedagogical Anthropology (1910).
  • 1907

    The first children's house "Casa dei Bambini" is first opened. During this time is where Montessori first tests her theories on typical developing children that lead to many of the foundational aspects of the Montessori Method. Some of those being the love for order, preference of work to play, love for silence, and many others.
  • 1909

    Montessori gave the first training course in Cittá di Castello & wrote her first book "The Montessori Method"
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    As the Montessori Method spreads, Montessori decides to leave the medical field and focus on education. Through the spread, The Montessori Method was being implemented in English, Argentinean, Italian and Swiss schools, as well as model schools set up in New York, Boston, and Paris. In addition, her published works being widely sold.
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    During these years the first three international trainings were done including students from Italy and other European countries, Australia, South Africa, India, China, the Philippines, the United States, and Canada. Montessori takes her first and second trip to the United States. And her third book "Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook" was published in New York.
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    During this period Montessori focuses on trainings and lectures throughout Europe establishing the method and leading educational reform. In 1924 the meeting of Benito Mussolini led to the official recognition and widespread establishment of Montessori schools by the Italian government.
  • 1926

    Montessori travels to Argentina and speaks at the League of Nations in Geneva on "Education and Peace"
  • 1929

    The first Montessori training centre establish along with a Model Montessori school built in Rome. Montessori and son, Mario, founded and established Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) headquarters in Berlin.
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    Montessori fled Italy traveling through Sweden, Spain, England, and the Netherlands ultimately settling in the Netherlands. During this time the nazi regime in Germany and the fascist regime in Italy both close all Montessori school in their countries.
  • 1936

    Montessori furthered the development of the principles for elementary and secondary education. The AMI headquarters were also moved to the Netherlands.
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    During this time period Montessori was confined to India in the Theosophical Society compound due to the war. In her time in India Montessori furthers her development and trainings of her methods in collaboration with her son Mario. She also publishes books "The Child" (1941), "Reconstruction in Education" (1942), and Education for a New World (1946).
  • 1946

    Montessori returns to Europe and continues her work.
  • 1947

    Montessori and son Mario establish a Montessori Centre in London. Montessori also takes a trip to Italy to re-establish Montessori Society. Initiates Assistants to Infancy
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    Montessori is nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949, 1950, and 1951
  • 1952

    On May 6 Maria Montessori dies in Noordwijk aan Zee, Netherlands