Biography TARSILA DO AMARAL

  • São Bernado farm

    São Bernado farm
    Tarsila was born on September 1st in Capivari, state of São Paulo, and was the daughter of Lydia Dias de Aguiar do Amaral and José Estanislau do Amaral. She grew up on her father’s properties, notably São Bernardo and Sertão farms, in the interior of the state of São Paulo
  • Tarsila (the taller one) and her sister Cecília.

    Tarsila (the taller one) and her sister Cecília.
    Tarsila studied at Colégio Sion in São Paulo.
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus

    Sacred Heart of Jesus
    Tarsila studied at the school ‘Sacre – Coeur de Jésus’ in Barcelona, where she made her first painting, a copy of a Sagrado Coração de Jesus (Sacred Heart of Jesus).
  • Picture of Dulce

    Picture of Dulce
    Tarsila returned to Brazil and married André Teixeira Pinto. From this union was born Dulce, her only daughter.
  • Picture of São Paulo in the 1910’s

    Picture of São Paulo in the 1910’s
    Tarsila separated from her husband and went to live in the city of São Paulo.
  • Tarsila and Dulce aboard ship, on a trip to Paris in 1920.

    Tarsila and Dulce aboard ship, on a trip to Paris in 1920.
    Tarsila departed to Paris, where she studied at Academie Julien, and with Emile Renard. She also took courses in freehand drawing. She brought along her daughter Dulce to study at a boarding school in London, England.
  • Figure (Passport)

    Figure (Passport)
    The painting Figura (Passaporte) was accepted at the “Salon Officiel dês Artistes Français.”
  • (Palace of Crafts) – São Paulo

    (Palace of Crafts) – São Paulo
    In September, Tarsila had an exhibition at the Salão de Belas Artes de São Paulo (Hall of Fine Arts) , at the Palácio das Indústrias (Palace of Crafts).
  • The inspiration for The Negress was probably the painter’s beloved helper

    The inspiration for The Negress was probably the painter’s beloved helper
    She studied with André Lhote. Afterwards she met Blaise Cendrars, who introduced Tarsila and Oswald to the Parisian intelligentsia. She also studied with Albert Gleizes and with Fernand Léger. Tarsila showed the painting A Negra to Léger, who was impressed. This work gave Tarsila a place of prominence in the Brazilian art scene at the time.
  • (Carnival in Madureira) Painting from the Pau-Brasil phase of Tarsila

    (Carnival in Madureira) Painting from the Pau-Brasil phase of Tarsila
    Cendrars came on a visit to Brazil. Tarsila, Oswald and a group of modernists took him to Carnival in Rio de Janeiro and Holy Week in the historical cities of the state of Minas Gerais. Tarsila began her “Pau-Brasil” phase. At the “Conferência de Cendrars” (Cendrars’ Conference) in São Paulo, Tarsila presented the painting E.F.C.B. (Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil), or Central do Brasil Railroad, inspired on these trips.
  • Tarsila at her studio in São Paulo

    Tarsila at her studio in São Paulo
    She prepared paintings for her Exhibition in Paris, scheduled for the following year.
  • Picture of Tarsila’s First Solo Exhibition in Paris. She’s attired in a marvelous dress from fashion designer Paul Poiret, and standing next to her painting Morro da Favela (Hill of the Favela)

    Picture of Tarsila’s First Solo Exhibition in Paris.  She’s attired in a marvelous dress from fashion designer Paul Poiret, and standing next to her painting Morro da Favela (Hill of the Favela)
    First Individual Exhibition from Tarsila in Paris, at the Galerie Percier.
  • Tarsila and Oswald are resting on the porch at Santa Teresa Farm.

    Tarsila and Oswald are resting on the porch at Santa Teresa Farm.
    They spent a great part of that year at Santa Teresa do Alto Farm, which belonged to Tarsila.
  • Abaporu, 1928

    Abaporu, 1928
    Tarsila painted Abaporu in January as a birthday present to Oswald. The painting served as inspiration for the Antropophagic Movement.
  • Pinacoteca (Art Gallery), in the 1930’s.

    Pinacoteca (Art Gallery), in the 1930’s.
    Tarsila worked at the Pinacoteca (Art Gallery) of the state of São Paulo as Director. But with the fall of Júlio Prestes, she lost her job.
  • In 1930, Oswald cheated on Tarsila with Patrícia Galvão. Tarsila did not accept the situation and separated from him.

    In 1930, Oswald cheated on Tarsila with Patrícia Galvão. Tarsila did not accept the situation and separated from him.
    Tarsila separated from Oswald.
  • Osório Cesar, Tarsila’s beau, who took part in the Partido Comunista Brasileiro (Brazilian Communist Party)

    Osório Cesar, Tarsila’s beau, who took part in the Partido Comunista Brasileiro (Brazilian Communist Party)
    Tarsila was jailed for a month, for taking part in Partido Comunista Brasileiro (Brazilian Communist Party) meetings, which was illegal at the time. Her relatioship with Osório Cesar ended shortly after this incident.
  • Luís Martins

    Luís Martins
    Tarsila started a romance with Luís Martins, who was more than twenty years younger than her.
  • Assis Chateaubriand

    Assis Chateaubriand
    Tarsila started to work as a columnist at the Diários Associados newspaper, owned by her friend Assis Chateaubriand.
  • (Second Class)

    (Second Class)
    Tarsila took part in the Exposição Coletiva (Collective Exhibition) in the city of Belo Horizonte.
  • Beatriz, oil on canvas.

    Beatriz, oil on canvas.
    Beatriz, Tarsila’s granddaughter from Tarsila’s only daughter, Dulce, drowned at the age of fifteen, when she tried to rescue her friend in a lake. Tarsila made this portrait based on a picture she had of Beatriz.
  • (Landscape with Washerwoman)

    (Landscape with Washerwoman)
    The work Fazenda marks the beginning of the Neo Pau-Brasil phase in Tarsila’s painting; she returned to the theme of Pau-Brasil, which originally started in 1924. In this phase, she also included rural landscapes and cubist compositions, as seen in Paisagem com Lavadeira.
  • Catalogue of the Retrospective Exhibition

    Catalogue of the Retrospective Exhibition
    Tarsila had a Retrospective Exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art of São Paulo, introduced by Sérgio Milliet.
  • E.F.C.B., 1924, oil on canvas

    E.F.C.B., 1924, oil on canvas
    Tarsila earned the Prêmio Aquisição (Acquisition Prize) for E.F.C.B., at the I Bienal de São Paulo (First Biennial Art Exhibition of São Paulo).
  • Procession (Panel)

    Procession (Panel)
    arsila painted the mural Procissão (Painel) at the Hall of History in Ibirapuera Park, in commemoration of the IV Centenário of São Paulo (Quadricentennial anniversary of São Paulo).
  • Poster of the VII Biennial of São Paulo

    Poster of the VII Biennial of São Paulo
    Tarsila had a Special Hall at the VII Bienal de São Paulo (7th Biennial of São Paulo).
  • Robert Rauschenberg received the Leão de Ouro (Golden Lion Award) at the XXXII Bienal de Veneza in 1964

    Robert Rauschenberg received the Leão de Ouro (Golden Lion Award) at the XXXII Bienal de Veneza in 1964
    Special Participation at the XXXII Bienal de Veneza.
  • Lydia, Tarsila, Dulce and Beatriz.

    Lydia, Tarsila, Dulce and Beatriz.
    Tarsila’s daughter Dulce passed away.
  • Tarsila’s drawing

    Tarsila’s drawing
    Tribute to Tarsila at the Galeria Tema de São Paulo (Tema Gallery in São Paulo)
  • Catalogue of Tarsila’s 1969 Exhibition

    Catalogue of Tarsila’s 1969 Exhibition
    Pictured here is the catalogue of Tarsila’s Retrospective Exhibition: Tarsila – 50 Years of Painting, which took place at the Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio (Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro). Afterwards, it was also held at the Museu de Arte Contemporânea (Museum of Contemporary Art ) in São Paulo, under the curatorship of professor Aracy Amaral.
  • The death of Tarsila do Amaral

     The death of Tarsila do Amaral
    On January 17, 1973, Tarsila do Amaral, a painter and drawer, died in São Paulo, one of the central figures at the beginning of the Brazilian modernist movement.