Main historical facts

Timeline created by Gabriel789
In History
  • 467

    Start of the Middle Age

    Start of the Middle Age
    Fall of the Western Roman Empire held by the barbarian peoples.
  • 632

    Mohama death

    Mohama death
    With the death of Mohama the Muslim armies conquered the Middle East, and there was an expansion of Islam
  • 711

    Beginning of the Arabian domain in the peninsula.

    Beginning of the Arabian domain in the peninsula.
    The Muslims crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and invaded Spain. The Visigothic kingdom ended and the domination of the Arab began on the peninsula.
  • 1400

    Start of the Renaissance

    Start of the Renaissance
    The renaissance originated in Italy in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, reaching its peak at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Italy slowly spreads through Europe except Russia
  • 1445

    Gutenberg's printing press.

     Gutenberg's printing press.
    The Gutenberg printing press, an essential invention that begins written culture; and print the first bible.
  • May 29, 1453

    End of the Middle Ages.

    End of the Middle Ages.
    The fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks was a historical fact that, in classical periodization, and according to some historians, marked the end of the Middle Ages in Europe.
  • 1498

    Ottaviano Petrucci music printing system

    Ottaviano Petrucci music printing system
    Ottaviano Petrucci devised a printing system adapted to music, on a stave, which began to edit music.
  • Start of the Baroque Period

    Start of the Baroque Period
    It was a period of history in Western culture that produced works in the field of literature, sculpture, painting, architecture, dance and music, spanned from 1600 to approximately 1750. It emerged in the early seventeenth century and Italy radiated to most of Europe.
    The baroque period begins with the birth of the opera(1600).
  • New philosophical system

    New philosophical system
    René Descartes creates a new philosophical system and a new method of scientific research based on methodical doubt and the analysis of the parts: rationalism, by publishing the Discourse on the method in 1638.
  • End of the renaissance

    End of the renaissance
    It marked the passage of this period to the Baroque, the Mannerist crisis. In 1527 the armies of Emperor Charles V took Rome and subjected it to a brutal looting where the Papacy and the Sacred College of Cardinals were taken prisoner.
  • Newton's discoveries

    Newton's discoveries
    Newton discovers gravity in 1678. Together with Leibnitz they invent calculus: the mathematical study of movement.
  • Start of the Classical Period

    Start of the Classical Period
    Classicism is the style of European cult music developed approximately between 1750 and 1820 by composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven. Coincides with the cultural and artistic era (in architecture, literature and other arts) today called Neoclassicism.
  • End of the Baroque Period

    End of the Baroque Period
    The Baroque period ends with the death of Johann Sebastian Bach in 1750 by a stroke. Johan Sebastian Bach was a composer, organist, harpsichordist, violinist, violist, chapel master and German singer from the Baroque period.
  • Bach's death

    Bach's death
    The health of the prominent Baroque musician was deteriorating, he became ill during his last years and, practically blind, Johann Sebastian Bach died in Leipzig, on July 28, 1750.
  • French Revolution

    French Revolution
    The French Revolution was a social and political conflict, with various periods of violence, which convulsed France and, by extension of its implications, to other nations of Europe that faced supporters and opponents of the system known as the Old Regime
  • End of the Classical Period

    End of the Classical Period
    Classicism ended approximately in 1820. Classicism did not experience a break, but rather merged with the current that happened, called Romanticism. In fact, some authors participate in both periods and it is even said that Beethoven is the last of the classics and the first of the romantics.
  • Period:


    The Quattrocento was developed in Italy and covered the entire fifteenth century. At this stage the rebirth of various ancient positions and, therefore, of anthropocentrism was founded. However, many works touched on religious and mythological themes.
  • Period:

    The Great Famine

    All of northern Europe suffered the Great Famine, a large part of the population died of hunger and disease.
  • Period:

    The Black Death

    The Black Death or the Black Death is the most threatening epidemic of the European Middle Ages, and significantly weakened the feudal system and the Church in Europe.
  • Period:


    The Cinquecento or High Renaissance is the third stage of the Renaissance that took place in the first half of the 16th century, in which it had its greatest expansion throughout the rest of Europe taking influences from various parts. Among the most prominent artists of this stage You can mention Miguel Ángel Buonarroti, Rafael Sanzio and Donato d'Angelo Bramante, among others.
  • Period: to

    The Middle Baroque

    The international success of Italian music in general and opera in particular expanded the resources of the monodía and the concerted style throughout Europe.The new opera went from being an aristocratic spectacle to entertainment in the upper classes of the middle class, thanks to the free purchase of tickets in Neapolitan and Venetian theaters. The French opera began its takeoff in the court of Louis XIV.
  • Period: to

    The transition to Classicism

    At the end of the Baroque there are several aesthetic tendencies: the French gallant style since 1730, the development in Italy of opera buffa, the sonata and the symphony, and the German sentimental style; They make up a kind of preclassicism. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, one of Johann Sebastian's children, is considered the father of the classical sonata.
  • Period: to

    Mozart Period

    A young composer begins to revolutionize opera and concert; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Although it was based on Haydn's contributions, Mozart preferred more singable melodies, Italian style.In his works, chromatic and more harmonic changes were noted, his instrumentation was varied since he had several ways of playing and was based mainly on the new Piano Instrument.
  • Period: to

    Beethoven Period

    During this period Classicism had already undergone several changes. Large representatives such as Hummel, Cherubini and Beethoven, increasingly complicated the development of classicism with their advanced works. They changed the accompaniments to create richer textures and harmony became more flexible and elaborate. Beethoven was the one that most influenced this period and he was responsible for the transition from the period of Classicism to the period of Romanticism.