Madison and Jackson (Some Antebellum Presidents)

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    James Madison's Presidency

  • Macon's Bill Number 2 (diplomatic)

    This replaced the non-intercourse act of 1809, and lifted embargoes with Britain and France for three months. It also agreed to end trade with whichever country didn't agree to cease attacks on American ships.
  • The Battle of Tippecanoe (social)

    William Henry Harrison's army was attacked by a group of outnumbered Native Americans.Harrison's army easily won, and burned down the town. This was an example of Native Americans opposition to US expansion into Native Americans' land.
  • The War of 1812 started (international)

    As a result of British impressment of sailors, trade issues, and a general desire to assert their independence from the British, the United States declared war on Britain.
  • Madison wins the election (political)

    Madison wins with 128 electoral votes, over his Federalist opponent's 89b votes. This is far from unanimous, and shows the party divide in the nation at the time.
  • Congress authorizes money borrowing to cover war costs (economic)

    Congress authorized the borrowing of $25 million to finance the costs of the War of 1812. This shows how costly the war was and how much debt the US was in.
  • The Star Spangled Banner (social)

    Francis Scott Key wrote a poem which later, when set to music, became "The Star Spangled Bsnner." This was great for nationalism.
  • The Hartford Convention (political)

    Some federalists who were unhappy with the War of 1812 met up and decided that maybe they should ally with the British. This made everybody very unhappy with the federalists.
  • The Treaty of Ghent (diplomatic)

    The treaty that ended the War of 1812. It did not address most of the major issues that had started the war. There was no real winner, but the Americans decided to think that they won, and this was great for nationalism.
  • Battle of New Orleans (international)

    Some British troops tried to seize New Orleans, but Andrew Jackson would have none of it. He and his army defeated the invaders, and he became a national hero.
  • 2nd National Bank (economic)

    Congress agreed to charter the Second National Bank in order to provide for large-scale financing.
  • Jackon's Inauguration (social)

    Jackson, as a reprentative of the "common man," decided to let the "common men" come to his inauguration. A lot of rowdy people came, and it turned into a violent party, which made many political and/or posh people scared of the "common man" and of how Jackson's presidency was going to turn out.
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    Andrew Jackson's Presidency

  • Jefferson Day Toast Fight (political)

    At a Jefferson Day dinner, Jackson made a toast to "Our federal Union: It must be preserved!" and Calhoun replied with a toast to "The Union: Next to our Liberty, the most dear!" They had some very differing views about nullification and were not scared to make them known via toasts.
  • Veto of the Maysville Road Act (economic)

    Jackson decided that the Maysville Road Act, which would have provided federal funding for internal improvements. Insteada, states had to spend their own money, and it was very chaotic and expensive.
  • Indian Removal Act (social)

    Jackson refused to enforce John Marshall's decision to let the Cherokee keep their land, and instead decided to force Native Americans to new land in the West.
  • Worcester v. Georgia (diplomatic)

    A supreme court case which ruled that the US did not have constitutional rights to take Cherokees off their land. Jackson ignored this.
  • Tariff of 1832 (international)

    The Tariff of 1832 was made with the intent of protecting American businesses from other countries' dumping. This made the North happy, because they could sell things without too much foreign interruption... but it made the South very angry, because things were now more expensive for Southerners, and foreign ocuntries were less likely to buy American cotton.
  • The Force Bill (political)

    This made people, especially North Carolinians, even more angry about tariffs. It allowed the goverment to use military force to make sure states enforced tariffs. It was directly against the idea of nullification.
  • Edmund Roberts (diplomatic)

    Edmund Roberts was commissioned as a "special agent" of the United States, which let him make foreign trade treaties, such as with many far eastern governments,
  • Texas declares independence (international)

    Texas declared their independence from Mexico in the midst of the Texas Revolution. Andrew Jackson recognized this independence but was hesitant to annex Texas due to relations with Mexico.
  • Specie Circular (economic)

    With paper money in the terrible state it was in (without a national bank, loads of states were printing their own money), the Specie Circular was made so that public land could only be bought with silver or gold. This made paper money essentially worthless.