Life of Frederick Douglass

  • Born A Slave

    Frederick Douglass was born on February 14, 1818, in Talbot County, Maryland. His original name was Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey and was later changed to Frederick Douglass. He was born a slave and lived with his grandmother Betty Bailey. His mother died when he was about 10 years old. Around the time his mother died, he was transferred to live in his master’s house who is said to be his father.
  • First Move as a Slave

    In 1829, he was sent to live with Thomas and Lucretia Auld when his master died. While staying there, he was then moved again to live with Hugh Auld (Lucretia's brother-in-law) in Baltimore. While living here, Hugh’s wife - Sophia taught him the alphabet at the age of 12. When Hugh found out about the teachings, he became furious. As a result, Sophia was forced to stop teaching him. Frederick then began learning from white boys in the city while running errands.
  • Escape From Slavery

    On September 3, 1838, he escaped. He took a train to Havre de Grace, Maryland. His help in escaping was by a woman named Anne Murray of Baltimore – a freed slave whom he fell in love with.
  • Marriage

    When he arrived in Maryland, he met Anne who gave him money and a uniform to travel to the safe house in New York. He arrived safely and asked that she come as well. Then on September 15, 1838, they were married and moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts. They had five children together: Rosetta, Lewis Henry, Frederick Jr., Charles Redmond, and Annie. Annie died when she was 10 years old.
  • Frederick Douglass - An Author

    In 1845, Frederick Douglass published his first book: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. The book became a bestseller in the United States. The book was later translated in other languages. In his life, he created three more versions of the book, each time more detailed and better revised. The books were: My Bondage and My Freedom in 1855, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass in 1881 (it was revised again in 1892).
  • Still on the Run

    After he published his book he was afraid that he would be captured for being a runaway slave. As a result of this, on August 16, 1845, he went to Liverpool, Ireland to avoid that risk. He lived here for 2 years and talked about his experiences as a slave.
  • Officially A Free Man

    While still in Ireland, both Ireland and Britain gave him money for him to be free. Then, in 1847, he returned to the U.S. a free man. After his return he began writing newspapers to end slavery. This is a list of some of the newspapers he created: The North Star, Frederick Douglass Weekly, Frederick Douglass' Paper, Douglass' Monthly and New National Era.
  • Frederick Douglass - Rights for African - American Women

    Frederick Douglass was the only African - American who attended the women's rights convention in 1848. He was very influential in the 15th amendment for women to vote - African American women especially.
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    Frederick Douglass - A Man and Politics

    Frederick Douglass had meetings with President Lincoln and President Johnson referring to the right for freed slaves to vote.After the war in 1865,Frederick Douglass became president of Freedman's Savings Bank in the Dominican Republic.After two years he resigned from his position.In 1872, he became the first African-American to be nominated for vice-president of the U.S.Then, he was elected minister-resident and consul-general to the Republic of Haiti.He held this position from 1889 until 1891.
  • The Death of a Leader

    He attended a meeting for the National Council of Women in Washington, D.C. When he got home, Frederick Douglass died on February 20, 1895, in Washington D.C. at the age of 87 (approximately). His death was caused by a heart attack or stroke. His resting place is in Mount Hope Cemetery of Rochester, New York. Link to Information: Pictures were from Google.