Launching a New Nation

  • Period: to

    Launching a New Nation

    timeline date 1789-1814
  • George Washington elected President

  • judiciary Act of 1789

    officially titled "An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States," was signed into law by President George Washington on September 24, 1789. Article III of the Constitution established a Supreme Court, but left to Congress the authority to create lower federal courts as needed
  • Bank of the United States

    The First Bank of the United States was a central bank, chartered for a term of twenty years, by the United States Congress on February 25, 1791.
  • the District of Columbia

    Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, "the District"
  • Jay’s Treaty

    officially titled “Treaty of Amity Commerce and Navigation, between His Britannic Majesty; and The United States of America,” was negotiated by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay and signed between the United States and Great Britain on November 19, 1794
  • Hamilton and Jefferson Debate

    The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, represented the urban mercantile interests of the seaports; the Antifederalists, led by Thomas Jefferson, spoke for the rural and southern interests. The debate between the two concerned the power of the central government versus that of the states,
  • John Adams Elected

    When Washington declined a third term in 1797, Adams was elected President under the Federalist Party banner, and Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party was his Vice President
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    measures passed by the legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky as a protest against the Federalist Alien and Sedition Acts. The resolutions were written by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Congress in 1798 passed four laws in an effort to strengthen the Federal government. Known collectively as the Alien and Sedition Acts, the legislation sponsored by the Federalists was also intended to quell any political opposition from the Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson.
  • XYZ Affair

    The XYZ Affair was a political and diplomatic episode in 1797 and 1798, during the administration of John Adams, that Americans interpreted as an insult from France. It led to an undeclared naval war called the Quasi-War, which raged at sea from 1798 to 1800.
  • thomas jefferson elected 1st term

    On this day in 1801, Thomas Jefferson is elected the third president of the United States. The election constitutes the first peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another in the United States.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    When the new administration did not deliver the commission, Marbury sued James Madison, Jefferson's Secretary of State
  • Louisiana Purchase

    The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France at a price of $15 million, or approximately four cents an acre
  • Lewis and Clark

    also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition (1804–1806), was the first transcontinental expedition to the Pacific coast undertaken by the United States
  • Thomas Jefferson Elected 2nd Term

    In his second term Jefferson was responsible for the passing of the Embargo Act and the prohibition of the slave import trade. Aaron Burr was also tried for treason during his period of office.
  • Aaron Burr Conspiracy

    There were rumored plots to create a new empire carved out of the Western territories, including the newly acquired lands of the Louisiana Purchase, with Burr as its emperor
  • War of 1812

    The War of 1812 was a military conflict fought between the forces of the United States and those of the British Empire. The United States declared war in 1812 for several reasons, including trade restrictions brought about by Britain's ongoing war with France, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy
  • Treaty of Ghent

    The Treaty of Ghent, signed on 24 December 1814, in Ghent was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812