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Latin American and Texas History Timeline

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II Calls for the Crusades

    Pope Urban II Calls for the Crusades
    The Crusades were a call for Christian Europeans to unite and defeat the Muslims in order to take back the Holy Land.
  • 1200

    Europe's Shift to Trade

    Europe's Shift to Trade
    Europe shifted its focus to the trading industry, with power being transferred from the countryside to the cities, eventually building fairs and developing cities.
  • 1254

    Birth of Marco Polo

    Birth of Marco Polo
    Marco Polo, a European voyager known for his publicized travels to Asia and success in trade, was born into a family of merchants.
  • 1293

    Polos' Journey to Home Begins

    Polos' Journey to Home Begins
    After their long expedition to Asia, the Polos begin their journey back to Venice, Italy.
  • 1298

    Marco Polo is Captured in War and Writes Book

    Marco Polo is Captured in War and Writes Book
    During a battle between Venice and its rival city of Genoa, Marco Polo was captured and met a writer who motivated him to write a book chronicling his travels to Asia.
  • 1415

    Portugal Captures the Fortress of Ceuta

    Portugal Captures the Fortress of Ceuta
    Securing their lead in the race for exploration with Spain, Portugal takes control of the African Fortress of Ceuta, allowing them to set up trading posts and exploit the plethora of resources Africa had to offer.
  • 1419

    Portugal's Discovery of the Madeira Islands

    Portugal's Discovery of the Madeira Islands
    Aided by Prince Henry's funding, the Portuguese were able to reach the Madeira Islands, providing an incentive for Portugal to travel farther south on the coast of Africa.
  • 1427

    Portugal's Discovery of the Azores Islands

    Portugal's Discovery of the Azores Islands
    Following their discovery of the Madeira Islands, Portugal ventured farther south and encountered the Azores Islands, encouraging further attempts to travel south of Africa
  • 1434

    Portugal's First Successful Return from Cape Bojador

    Portugal's First Successful Return from Cape Bojador
    In 1434, after multiple failed attempts to travel around Cape Bojador in the northern Sahara, one ship finally made a successful return to Portugal.