Kaity Robertson- Fall Of New France 2012

  • French Began Buliding Forts Along Ohio River

    The French began to build forts along the river in order to ensure security for the French. When securing trade with the Aboriginals in Quebec they had to make sure they staked their claim on the land, building forts and trading posts was a way to show their claim on the land. With the war in Europe going on the more land they could cover and the more trade routes the more successful they would be.
  • Period: to

    French Demise

  • Seven Year War Begins

    When the Seven Years War began the war in Europe had been going on for a few years .The British and French wanted the land for reasons involving world conquest, trade, profit and land claims. Prior to the fighting the French began to create a way of life in New France and saw this as their home. The Native Americans were born and raised here and had no where else and were fighting for their survival. This was the beginning of the Fall of New France.
  • William Pitt Becomes Prime Minister

    William Pitt had decided he wanted to put focus on the British defeating the French in North America, which was territory incredibly valuable and important to the British. He knew he had to conquer New France in order to gain control of North America, since they already had control of 13 colonies. His determination to succeed in his efforts and the time spent on trying to defeat New France led to the fall of New France.
  • British Attack On Fort Carllion

    This attack was also known as the Battle of Ticonderoga. This was a pivitol victory for France due to the fact that the British had an overwhelming number of troops but the French were able to defeat them. This battle was known as one of the bloodiest battles, causing 3000 casualities of which 2000 were the British. Despite this victory the British still haad the numbers of their side which led to the fall of New France.
  • Fall Of Louisburg

    The Battle began June 6 and ended July 26. In the first week weather made landing impossible for the British and they resorted to improvised bombardment from the sea. After coming ashore they had 70 cannons and mortars the British were able to destroy fort walls. On July 25th the British took down the last 2 French ships and on the 26th the French decided to surrender. This was a devestating blow to the French leading to the fall of New France.
  • General Wolfe Ordered To Conquer Quebec

    General Wolfe was ordered to conquer Quebec by King George II and William Pitt. Ships sent over carried over 15000 soldiers, 2000 cannons, 40000 cannonballs. People on board included surgeons, ministers, families and their livestock. This fleet stretched over 150 km and had a population greater than Quebec. This powerful miltary force led to defeating the French and the fall of New France.
  • Siege of Quebec

    The bombardment on Quebec started July 12 and continued for 9 weeks. This bombardment was not destroying military forces it was destroying homes, churches, warehouses, etc. The stratergy was to strip people of their resources hopefully forcing them to surrender in order to save their own lives. This was a very decisive moment in the war sealing the British's fate for victory.
  • Battle on The Plains Of Abraham

    Midnight of Sept. 12 the British began to approach the St. Lawrence. 2:30 a.m. the soldiers began to ascend the cliff and by 5:00 a.m. were in place on the Plains Of Abraham. British stratergy was to have the unprepared French to attack earlier without reinforcements. The stratergy worked and the French were defeated. Montcalm and General Wolfe were both killed in battle making it a pivitol moment. The British won the battle with the help of the Scottish and 13 colonies. Surrender of the French.
  • Articles Of Capitulation

    The Article was the first document signed by the French to surrender at the end of the Seven Years War. It states that Canadian Militia were to evacuate, French could go back to their homes without prosecution and French military were to be sent straight to Europe. This signalled the end of the war and the fall of New France.
  • Treaty Of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris was the treaty signed at the end of the war after the Articles of Capitulation was signed. The Treaty outlined the terms of British dominance outside Europe over the French. The French had to hand over all land possesion to British, and this finalized the loss of the war for the French. This came as a great loss to the French and the progress they had made.
  • The Royal Proclamation

    Issued after the end of the Seven Years' War. The purpose of the proclamation was to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases. Now British had full control over North America, which limited any chance of the French gaining control again.
  • Pontiac Signs Peace Treaty With English

    Even with the war finished, the Aboriginals were aware of British presence in North America and what it could mean for their survival. The Pontiac wanted to continue the battle for land against the British knowing that the British end goal was to fully take over North America and wipe out Aboriginal population. Aboriginals were the last piece standing in the way of British dominance and signing this treaty signified full dominance over North America fror the British.