Colonial north america 1689 to 1783

The Colonial Era

  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
    In 1660 Charles II provided a better version of a previous law called the Navigation Act. Along with other legislation, the Navigation Act tightened control over colonial trade. They had to sell certain goods To England such as, tobacco, sugar and cotton and if they wanted to sent the goods to other sections of the world they had to send it to England first and pay a tax.
  • Virginia passes Slave Code

    Virginia passes Slave Code
    Slave Codes were laws for each colony which define the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave owners absolute power over the hardworking African slaves. Virginia was the first colony to pass this law.
  • The Dominion of New England

    The Dominion of New England
    Now that King Charles II was replaced by King James, the new King tried another attempt to control the New England Colonies and New York. He created the Dominion Of New England which took out colonial legislatures within the Dominion and replaced them with a council and a governor.
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    Before King William and Queen Mary this was going on because of the nonsence that King James was putting the colonists through. Eventually with the help of the new royals, William and Mary got rid of the Dominion of New England and set the colonies originally back to the way they were before King James messed it up. This lasted for a year and a new charter was was made for a governor to rule the colony.
  • New King and Queen: Queen Mary and King William of Orange

    New King and Queen: Queen Mary and King William of Orange
    As James II was not doing so well in England, a new King and Queen was made. The change of the royals, was called the Glorious Revolution, and they eventually fixed the problems that King James made in the first place. (More details in the Glorious Revolution point)
  • Rebellion in Boston against Dominion of New England

    Rebellion in Boston against Dominion of New England
    A mob of provincial militia and citizens formed in the city against the rule of Sir Edmund Andros. There were no deaths and the former Mass. Bay Colony got control of the government after the rebellion.
  • Yale College Founded

    Yale College Founded
    The founding of Yale College sparked an educational uprise in the colonies and it promoted the colonies to get a better and brighter education.
  • South Carolina revises and strengthens slave laws

    South Carolina revises and strengthens slave laws
    Because of the laws strengthining it later causes the Stono Rebellion. Many blacks were not allowed to leave the town on a boat or ferri without a pass, and if they were in any some sort of trouble, death, banishment to the West Indies and many other punishments would go into affect.
  • George Whitefield starts tour of New England

    George Whitefield starts tour of New England
    Because of Jonathan Edwards, George wanted to expand upon the preaching of faith. He was from England, and preached in many crowds around the world and churches. As time progressed he became one of the best preachers of his day.
  • Benjamin Franklin publishes the Almanac

    Benjamin Franklin publishes the Almanac
    This was a series of books that included upcoming weather, calenders, advice, proverbs and upcoming events. These books were very useful for citizens and provided one of our future presidents major success.
  • John Peter Zenger arrested for libel

    John Peter Zenger arrested for libel
    He was arrested for libel in 1734 for his attacks on the policies of the colonial governor. Libel is defamation by printed or written words or in any form other than by spoken words or gestures. He basically had the crime of publishing something false about the governor and suffered serious consequences.
  • Slavery Banned in Georgia

    Slavery Banned in Georgia
    Georgia was the only colony to stand up for the little progess about slavery abolition. many had their culture and customs to rely on so it made slavery barrable The descision to ban slavery was made by the founders of Georgia. Georgia barred slavery in 1735 but lifted the ban in 1750.
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    As rules began to get more difficult for the slaves, many were getting aggitated. In 1739, many dozen slaves killed more than 20 whites which is called the Stono Rebellion. They eventually were captured and killed. This gave the colonies a reason to listen to the slaves and maybe give them some freedom.
  • Georgia ban on slavery lifted

    Georgia ban on slavery lifted
    The ban lifted in Georgia opened a way for Carolina planters to fulfill the dream of expanding their slave based rice economy into the Georgia lowcountry.
  • French send troops to seize Ohio Valley

    French send troops to seize Ohio Valley
    The French pushed into the Ohio Valley, impressing Indians along the way and getting them to join their side. The french slowly became stronger and eventually beat the English in one of the battles.
  • French build Ft. Presque Isle

    French build Ft. Presque Isle
    The French built this along Presque Isle bay deep inside Ohio. The French were showing strong signs of strength and determination. Tension was rising between both countries and the French built this and then attacked and killed the men defending and English post
  • French and Indian War begins

    French and Indian War  begins
    The war begins because of the wanting for land. The majority of Indians side with the French because they believe they are stronger and that the French have not tried to steal their home in the past. But what ends up happening is that the Indians suffer the most and that they probably regret siding with the French. George Washington might have caused a spark to the war, but in the end he and his troops come out victorious.
  • The Creation of Albany Plan of Union

     The Creation of Albany Plan of Union
    At this time in history, George Washington wanted to make allies with the Indians. One of the main purposes for this Plan of Union, was to get the Iroquois to side with him. This Plan of Union also called for a grand council of delegates from each colony elected by their colonial legislatures.
  • William Pitt Rises

    William Pitt Rises
    William in 1757 became Britain's prime minister and persuaded Parliament to raise taxes and borrow funds for the war. Because of the rise of taxes Britain formed a better army and turned the tides on the war. In 1758 and 1759 The British defeated the French and later the document of the Treaty of Paris was signed.
  • Britich seize Louisbourg

    Britich seize Louisbourg
    This event led to the fall of the French forces in New England and any hope of colonizing New England. The English wiped out all remaining French troops and this led directly to the fall of Quebec.
  • British take Quebec

    British take Quebec
    This event was fought in the city of Quebec. This was between the Americans and the British. the Americans ended up losing and retreating while the British took control of Quebec once again.
  • Jonathan Edwards

    Jonathan Edwards
    Many people like Jonathan Edwards believed that many Puritans were falling away from the Puritan ancestors and their faith. In the 30's and 40's people led groups to bring them closer to God or else they would be going to Hell. Jonathan Edwards was one of those encouraging men that went around the colonies especially Massachusetts where he is from and all over the colonies to preach.
  • The Great Awakening

     The Great Awakening
    The Great Awakening was not just one event that began or ended all at once. It stated that many had to get their act together about their faith or else they would go to Hell. Many advocated with preaching around the world and it helped greatly.
  • British seize Fort Detroit

    British seize Fort Detroit
    This event was an atempt by North American Indians to capture the fort. However they failed trying to capture the fort during Pontiac's rebellion. This seige was led by Pontiac, an Odawa chief and military leader.
  • Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War

    Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War
    This is the treaty that ended the whole conflict. It ended the French and Indian War in America, and the Seven Years' War in Europe. France turned Canada over to Britain and surrendered its claims to all land east of Mississippi River. Many lives were lost but it was the beginning of many wars to fight for independence!