Journal Entries/Overview

  • Jan 1, 1206

    Mongol Empire

    Mongol Empire
    The Mongol Empire was one of the greatest empires in history. Beginning with the rise of Genghis Khan, who united the Mongol tribes in 1206, before conquering most of the Asian continent. At its peak, the Mongol empire spanned 16% of the Earth’s surface.
    Short term effects: A short term effect was that for that period of time, the Mongol tribes were all united.
    Long term effects: Europeans gained more knowledge because of how large the empire was.
  • Age of Enlightenment

    Age of Enlightenment
    The Age of Enlightenment was an intellectual cultural movement that occurred in the 17th and 18th centuries. It started in first in Europe and then later on in the American colonies. Some short term effects of Enlightenment were that there were changes in government and the way people thought.The long term effects: many of the ideas that were a part of the Enlightenment went on to be used in the American constitution.
  • Pollution

    The Industrial Revolution began in Britain and spread to the rest of the world, beginning with the United States.
    The use of machinery/factories led to mass production, which in turn led to the development of environmental hazards.
    Short terms effects: One of the short terms effects of pollution was the sudden poisoning of the air.
    Long term effects: A long term effect of pollution is large amounts of carbon emissions being pumped out into the atmosphere, poisoning the air we breathe.
  • Difficult working conditions

    Difficult working conditions
    For many poor people, the Industrial revolution meant long hours of hard labour for little pay in factories. (Cheap labour was essential for maintaining low costs of production.)
    Short term effects: A short term effect of difficult working conditions is the beginning of the trade workers union in support of workers.
    Long term effects: The workers union was created which in the long run, has given fairer rights to workers.
    (exact date is inaccurate)
  • Colonisation

    In 1776, a proposal was put forward that Britain found a colony of convicts in the South Sea. Great Britain needed to find alternative land for new British colonies: Australia was chosen for settlement, and colonisation began in 1788.
    Short term effects: many Aborigines died or were forced into slavery and the number of Aborigines in Australia was drastically reduced.
    long term effects: much of Aborignial history/culture has been lost because of the number of tribes that were wiped out.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    The steam engine was one of the most important technologies of the Industrial Revolution, although steam did not replace water power in importance in Britain until after the Industrial Revolution. The first patent of the steam engine was produced by James Watts.
    Short term: The invention enabled a wide range of factory manufacturing machinery to be powered.
    Long term: Steam engines are used today, and generate about 90% of the electric power in the United States.
    (exact date is inaccurate)
  • Period: to

    Aboriginal conflict

    The Indigenous’ reaction to the arrival of the British was varied, but often turned hostile. As time went on and more land was being occupied by the Settlers, clashes over land began to occur. By 1797, attitudes and policy toward the Indigenous peoples had changed. No longer did the government hope to assimilate the Indigenous.
    Short term effects: many numbers of Indigenous were killed, as well as Settlers.
    Long term effects: Because of what happened, Indigenous people have fairer rights.
  • Settlers

    The Bellona transport came to Sydney cove, carrying the first immigrant free settlers. They were: Thomas Rose, a farmer from Dorset, his wife, their four children. Frederic Meredith, Thomas Webb, his wife, and his nephew, Joseph Webb and Edward Powell.
    Short term effects: land was being occupied by Settlers, , foreign diseases appeared and Indigenous population began to shrink.
    Long term effects: Indigenous people are still sometimes looked down upon by the “white” people.
  • Myall Creek Massacre

    Myall Creek Massacre
    At Myall Creek near Bingara, up to 30 unarmed Indigenous were unlawfully killed by British Settlers by agroup of eleven stockman. The stockman rode into their camp, tied the Aboriginals to a long tether rope and led them away. They took them to a gully on the side of the ridge where they slaughtered them all except for one woman.
    Short term effects of this were: the Indigenous people were even less trusting of the Settlers.
  • Gatling gun

    Gatling gun
    The Gatling gun is one of the best known early rapid fire weapons. It was designed by the American inventor, Richard Gatling. It is known for its use in the Union forces during the American civil war.
    Short term effects: The invention of the Gatling gun helped lessen the number of people needed to fight wars.
    Long term effects: One effect of the machine gun can be seen today. It has evolved into the smaller weapons we use in modern times.
  • Missionaries Arrive in Australia

    Missionaries Arrive in Australia
    On July 1st 1871, Reverend Samuel MacFarlane arrived on Darney Island as part of the first group of missionaries to arrive in Australia. Missions were constructed across the land, and by the mid-1970s, several missions wereoperational through Torres Strait. The missionaries believed that Christianity was the only right way to go about living life. One short term effect of missions/missionaries interfering with Torres Strait Islander culture and belief was that many shrines were destroyed.
  • Constitution

    The Constitution began on the 1st of January; 1901.The Constitution was a law where the indigenous were not entitled to specific things, such as voting, pension and maternity leave. The short term effects of this event were that aboriginals were not given rights because their race and the constitution eventually ended in a massacre. The long term effects were that eventually the indigenous were given all the rights that they once were not.
  • Commonwealth Franchise ACT 1902

    Commonwealth Franchise ACT 1902
    The commonwealth Franchise ACT 1902 was an Act of the Parliament of Australia which defined who was allowed to vote in Australian federal elections. The Act granted Australian women the right to vote at a national level, and to stand for election to the Parliament. However, the Act also prevented some Indigenous Australians, Asian people, African people and Pacific Islanders (except New Zealand Maori) from voting. short term effects of this event were these people were not allowed to vote.
  • Women at War

    Women at War
    By 1914, 5.09 million out of the 23.8 million women in Britain were working. Thousands worked in hangars used to build aircrafts, munitions factories, and offices.
    Short terms effects: Women no longer had to fit the stereotype of “stay at home housewives” who could only cook and clean.
    Long term effects: The abilities of women were recognised and this helped break the sexist trends women faced in society.
    (exact date for event is inaccurate)
  • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophia were shot dead in Sarajevo, by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb assassin. This event set in motion events which shaped the world we live in today.
    Short term effects: the assassination of the Archduke set off a chain of events which led to the First World War.
    Long term effects: World War One, World War Two and the Cold War can all trace their origins back to the shots fired that summer’s day.
  • Battle of Somme

    Battle of Somme
    The Battle of the Somme was a battle that saw the British Expeditionary Force and the French army mount a joined offensive against the German Army. When the offensive was abandoned in November, the allied forces had advanced only 12 kilometres.
    Short term effects: a large number of British soldiers were lost during this battle, as on the first day alone, nearly 60,000 casualties were sustained.
    Long term effects: Inflicted damage to the German army, which was a preliminary to their defeat.
  • Involuntary Migration: Slavery

    Involuntary Migration: Slavery
    In earliest known records, slavery was treated as an established institution. Slavery in the United States existed as a legal institution from early years of the colonial period. About 600,000 slaves were brought in to the U.S. (5% of the 12 million slaves brought from Africa to the Americas.)
    Short term effects: Disease, Africans going against one another (selling other Africans) and a boom in the production of tobacco, sugar, rice, cotton, etc.
    Long term effects: Sickness, abuse, culture cha