Industrial Revolution Timeline

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    Industrial Revolution Timeline

  • Bessemer Process

    Bessemer Process
    Bessemer processInvented by Henry Bessemer, and patented in 1855. The process converted iron to steel. This new process reduced the price by a fraction of the previous cost to make steel. it allowed for railroads to be laid quickly and efficiently because the process only took 10-20 minutes.
  • Edwin Drake

    Edwin Drake
    Edwin Drake was the first man to strike oil in America. His well produced 20-40 barrels daily. Producing more oil in a few days than a whaling ship of the time could produce on a four year journy. He was the reason for the start of the modern oil industry, affecting us even today as oil is the main source of energy in the United States and several other countries.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental Railroad
    Transcontinental Railroad Congress passes and Lincoln signed into law the Pacific Railroad Bill that took public land and funds to creat the first railroad that stretched the length of the country, Starting on two sides, one in California and the other in Missouri. This made travel from each end of the country much more efficient than previous methods.
  • Credit Mobilier Scandal

    Credit Mobilier Scandal
    Credit Mobilier
    Credit Mobilier was a scandelous company created to exploit railroad construction workers. They pocketed all the profit through the manipulation of the system and paid off politians to help support the companies interest. It was eventually disolved when fellow chairmen exposed a few of the other chairman for incriminating charges.
  • J.P. Morgan

    J.P. Morgan
    J.P. Morgan J.P. Morgan was from Hartford, CT. He created the banking company J.P. Mrogan & Co. in 1871. It became so powerful that even the united states government took out loans from the bank to help with the depresion of 1895. It was later sued for fear of monopolisation.
  • Christopher Sholes

    Christopher Sholes
    Typewriters Sholes was an inventor in the mid to late 1800's who revised several versions of the typewriter. The typewriter helped several people in the industrial revolution including stenographers. Making their job more efficient. The QWERTY keyboard used in his typewriters is still in use today.
  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell
    A.G.BellMost famous for his invention of the telephone. Changing the way that people communicated with each other up to the present. Also invted a photophone that transmited sound with light.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    A child prodigy in making inventions, he was an entrepeneur and one of the most influential people in the industrial revolution. His most famous invention being that of the lightbulb, using a filiment to illuminate an area, he also invented the phonograph, and other useful things. Giving way for people to see in the dark without the hazard of candels or oil lamps.
  • J.d.Rockefeller

    J.D. Rockefeller He was an entrepeneure that started in Oil. He created Standard Oil and monopolized the industry. This lead to several anti trust laws being enacted. And in his later life became a philanthropist.
  • Haymarket Affair

    Haymarket Affair
    Haymarket Square Riot There was a protest to stop police brutality in Haymarket Square and it was peaceful until the authorities arrived. Someone in the crowed of protesters threw a bomb at the police, it exploded and killed 7 police and injured 60. Then the police opened fire on the protesters killing four. It was a major scar on worker unions and their popularity declined rapidly ofter the incedent.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Interstate Commerce Act The first federal regulated agency that fought against unfair pricing on small markets, forced Railroad companies to publish rates, and made secret rebates were forbidden.
  • Sherman Anti Trust Act

    Sherman Anti Trust Act
    Sherman Anti Trust Act The first attempt by the government to prohibit trust. This was created by Senator John Sherman from Ohio. It was made possible by the Interstate Comerce Act. Trust destroyed competetion and to keep competition in the economics the Anti Trust act was nescesary.
  • Homestead Strike

    Homestead Strike
    This was a strike by the steel workers of Homestead, PA for the Andrew Carnegie Steel Company. Carnigie left on his anual vacation and left Henry Frick in charge of his plant. The workers contracts were soon expiring and carnigie told Frick that he could do whatever he had too. So Frick closed the factory and locked out 1,100 employees. Frick tried to break up the strike with private arms bearers. Gun fire was exchanged between the two groups
  • Eugine Debs

    Eugine Debs
    Eugine Debs He was an outpsoken socialist and ran for president in 1910 for the socialist party, but lost. He was also highly involed in the Pullman strike. Imprisoned for contempt of court, it was there that he came up with his European styled socialist system.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    Pullman StrikeThe first national strike. It started in Pullman, Illinois and had the American Railway Union as its main backbone. It cost the railroads millions of dollers and needed thousands of people to break the strike. This strike displayed the power of striking, by hte sheer amount of people that took part.
  • Lochner v. NY Decision

    Lochner v. NY Decision
    This influencial Supreame Court Case determined that governments should not interfeer in buisness. They thought that a law that interfeered with the contract of an employer and employee was unconstitutional according to the fourteenth amendment. This gave buisnesses the right to make working hours whatever they wanted if the employee was willing, in the years following this case.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    Henry FordHenry Ford was responsible for the first mass produced automobile on the assembly line. The model t was cheap and easy to maintain and gained much apeal with the public. Half of all cars in 1918 were model t's. He also paid his workers high wages for an 8 hour day.(Fordism)
  • The Wright Brothers

    The Wright Brothers
    Wright Brothers The Wright Brothers were the inventors of the airplane. Prior to this they worked with several gliders and studied flight in depth. The Airplane would go on to revolutionize air travel, trade, and militaries.