Industrial Revolution Inventors

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    Industrial revolution inventions

  • John Kay

    John Kay
    John Kay invented the Flying shuttle. It was used for automatic weaving and for making cloth. It doubled the production of cloth, it was efficient as well. The bad thing is that it took 4 spinners to keep up with the Flying shuttle. The Flying shuttle improved the cloth industry. Some Flying shuttles are probably still used to this day.
  • James Hargreaves

    James Hargreaves
    James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny. The machine used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun, so by turning a single wheel, the operator could now spin eight threads at once, which was good. A bad thing about is that it had low yarn strength and a high tendency to snarl. Modern spinning facilities still use the same method.
  • Samuel Crompton

    Samuel Crompton
    Samuel Crompton invented the Spinning Mule. The spinning mule is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibers. It was an improvement to the other spinners during the revolution which was good. Though it was bad because the oil used to lubricate the spinner was usually dripped onto workers' hands/arms and it could give them skin cancer. Similar uses come from the modern world to spin cotton faster and better.
  • Richard Arkwright

    Richard Arkwright
    Richard Arkwright invented the Spinning Frame. The Spinning Frame is used for the spinning frame was a device that could produce stronger threads for yarns. The first models were powered by waterwheels so the device came to be known as the water frame. Less labor was required which was good but it's bad that it had no better coarse yarn than Spinning jenny. Modern day mills have improved versions with better yarn and they are faster.
  • Richard Arkwright

    Richard Arkwright
    Richard Arkwright also invented the Water Frame. This machine made thousands of cotton threads all at once. An advantage is that it made strong, tough yarn. A disadvantage is that it made coarse yarn. This invention led to the creation of factories which are used everyday.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    James Watt invented the Steam engine. The Watt engine, like the Newcomen engine, operated on the principle of a pressure difference created by a vacuum on one side of the piston to push the steam piston down. However, Watt's steam cylinder remained hot at all times. A good thing is that it is more powerful than a wind mill. A bad thing is that it is unsafe to use and it has low efficiency. The steam engine lead to more stable and effcient engines in the modern world, like the ones in cars.
  • Richard Trevithick

    Richard Trevithick
    Richard Trevithick invented the steam locomotive. Traveling was now easier and faster with the locomotive. A bad thing is that they were only made for railroads. This technology was improved in modern day, because they influenced automobiles.
  • Robert Fulton

    Robert Fulton
    Robert Fulton invented the steam boat. Most times the steamboat used to carry supplies across water, or it would carry passengers across water also. The steamboat was invented because of the efficiency of a steam boat was much better than a simple paddle boat. The advantage is that it could transport people across the sea. The bad part about the steamboat is that the steam engine would accumulate too much pressure and explode sometimes. This influenced boats in the modern day.
  • George Stephenson

    George Stephenson
    George Stephenson invented, or, improved the steam locomotive. In 1814 he built a locomotive called Blucher (often spelled Blutcher) in honour of the Prussian general, which could haul eight waggons loaded with 30 tons of coal at a speed of four miles per hour. It could go faster which was good, but it was bad that child labor was now more common with this invention going around. Modern day uses trains and automobiles, which are similar to this steam locomotive.
  • Henry Bessemer

    Henry Bessemer
    Henry Bessemer didn't invent but he came up with an innovation, which was manufacturing steel. This innovation had a process in which it could produce mass amounts of steel and sell it, doing all this inexpensively. The good part was that is wasn't expensive and was efficient, but The Bessemer converter had a low retention percentage of nitrogen in the newly formed steel. We use devices like this in modern day for steel manufacturing still.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Louis Pasteur came up with the innovation of pasteurization, the process. He showed that food spoils because of microorganisms and invented pasteurization, which was originally used to prevent wine and beer from souring. If that wasn't enough, he also came up with a rabies vaccine. A good thing is that he made vaccines. A bad thing is that pasteurized products are usually bad for your health. We use medicines now thanks to this innovation.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison invented the electric light bulb. This invention lit up rooms so that everyone would see in the dark. A good thing is that it used electricity, the bad part is they use a lot more current than the modern fluorescent lamps, high intensity discharge lamps and LEDs. They are being replaced by these more energy efficient option. We use this is modern day but ours save electricity and use AC.
  • Nikola Tesla

    Nikola Tesla
    Nikola Tesla invented AC (Alternating current). AC was an electric current that reverses its direction many times a second at regular intervals. The good thing about is that the AC voltage could be lowered or increased. The bad thing is that it could kill you, Thomas Edison used this on an elephant and placed a device with AC on it's head and turned it on, seconds later, it died. This influenced the way we used electricity, but it had a grim side as well. It also influenced the electric chair.