Industrial Revolution

By ThomasY
  • Mechanical sower

    Jethro Tull's mechanical (seed) sower permits large-scale planting in rows, for easier cultivation between the rows. Jethro Tull was one of the first scientific farmers. He realized that the usual way of sowing seeds by scattering them on the ground was wasteful. Many seeds did not take root.
    The seed drill, which he invented in 1701, allowed the farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths. When his invention was used, a larger share of the seed germinated. image source
  • Spinning Jenny

    James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny, automating weaving the warp (in the weaving of cloth). This machine was a multi-spool spinning frame. This machine had eight spindles andcould spin eight threads at once. This greatly improved efficiency but the threads were coarse and weak. image
  • Steam Engine

    Watt's first efficient steam engine, much more efficient than the Newcomen.
    Watt told his partner about the engine and it became a reality. The duo helped mine-owners build their machines and put them into production. image source
  • Power Loom

    Cartwright builds a power loom. This was a steam powered loom that combined threads to create cloth. The wool threading machine was another of his inventions. He also helpe improve his machines many flaws along with William Horrocks. image
  • Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney develops his cotton gin. This device seperates the seed from the cotton. This task took only minutes instead of hours. This machine was patented in 1794. The invention of the cotton gin helped increase slavery. image
  • Steam locomotive

    Robert Trevithick demonstrates a steam locomotive. The engine was able to pull a load of 15 tons at a speed of about 5 mph. The first public railway was the Stockton and Darlington Railway, whose first run took place on Tuesday, September 27, 1825 image source
  • Steam Boat

    Robert Fulton's Clermont first successful steamboat. The Clermont ushered in a new era in the history of transportation. In addition to his work with steamboats, Fulton made many important contributions to the development of naval warfare, the submarine. image source
  • Morse Code

    Morse develops the telegraph and Morse Code. Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment. Each character (letter or numeral) is represented by a unique sequence of dots and dashes. image source
  • Trans-Atlantic Cable

    First Trans-Atlantic Cable completed. The first was laid across the floor of the Atlantic from Telegraph Field, Foilhommerum Bay, Valentia Island in western Ireland to Heart's Content in eastern Newfoundland. The first communications occurred August 16, 1858. image source
  • Telephone

    Bell invents the telephone. "He called through a strange-looking instrument to his assistant two floors above: “Mr. Watson, come here.” Thomas Watson heard him and came." The Bell Telephone Company was created as a result of Bell’s work. image source