How the West Was Won: Expansion, Industry, & the Gilded Age

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    Growth of RailRoads

  • Nativism

    Nativism
    it was an extreme dislike for immigrants by native-born people and desire to limit immogration birth or origin, especially the place, process, or circumstances of being born a policy, especially in the US of favoring the interest of the indiegenous inhabitants of a country over those of immigrants.
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    Assimilation

    This means that people of different backgrounds come to see themselves as part of a larger national family
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    Boss tweed

    often erroneously referred to as William Marcy Tweed and widely known as "Boss" Tweed – was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York City and State.
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    Andrew Carnegie

    was a Scottish-American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. He was also one of the highest profile philanthropists of his era; his 1889 article proclaiming "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, and stimulated wave after wave of philanthropy.
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    John D. Rockefeller

    He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, he founded Standard Oil Company and aggressively ran it until he officially retired in 1897
  • Manifest Destiny & Settlement of the West

    Manifest Destiny & Settlement of the West
    Manifest Destiny InformationManifest Destiny was a concept which heavily influenced American policy in the 1800s. The idea was the driving force behind the rapid expansion of America into the West from the East, and it was heavily promoted in newspapers, posters, and through other mediums.
  • Bessemer process

    Bessemer process
    The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron prior to the open hearth furnace. The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent on the process in 1855. The process was independently discovered in 1851 by William Kelly
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    Eugene V. Debb

    was an American union leader, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World
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    Teddy Roosevelt

    He was the 26th president. He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement
  • The HomeStead Act

    The HomeStead Act
    In a milestone in the settlement of the American West, President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act, a program designed to grant public land to small farmers at low cost. The act gave 160 acres of land to any applicant who was the head of a household and 21 years or older, provided that the person settled on the land for five years and then paid a small filing fee. If settlers wished to obtain title earlier, they could do so after six months by paying $1.25 an acre.
  • Labor Union

    Labor Union
    founded in 1866 to organize skilled and unskilled laborers, farmers, and factory workers. Blacks and women, however, were not allowed to join the union. Though the National Labor Union was not affiliated with any particular political party, it generally supported any candidate who would fight for shorter workdays, higher wages, and better working conditions.
  • Automobile

    Automobile
    The year 1886 is regarded the year of birth of the modern automobile - with the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, by German inventor Carl Benz. Motorized wagons soon replaced animal-drafted carriages, especially after automobiles became affordable for many people when the Ford Model T was introduced in 1908.
  • Barbed Wire

    Barbed Wire
    The first patent in the United States for barbed wire was issued in 1867 to Lucien B. Smith of Kent, Ohio, who is regarded as the inventor.[4][5] Joseph F. Glidden of DeKalb, Illinois, received a patent for the modern invention in 1874 after he made his own modifications to previous versions.
  • Industrialization in the Gilded Age

    Industrialization in the Gilded Age
    Gilded Age industrialization had its roots in the Civil War, which spurred Congress and the northern states to build more railroads and increased demand for a variety of manufactured goods. The forward-looking Congress of 1862 authorized construction of the first transcontinental railroad, connecting the Pacific and Atlantic lines.
  • Immagration

    Immagration
    America favored immigration until the 1870s when things started to change. America was a home to immigrants and welcomed them with open arms. Many of the Founding Fathers were amongst these immigrants who wanted to pursue happiness and liberty. Immigrants came here without much restriction and settled in the country and contributed their share to the society.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Any effort of one class to help another, or different ethnic groups to interact, tampered with the natural order of things.
  • Political Corruption

    Political Corruption
    When a single corporation achieves control over an entire market it. Used of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official dutie.
  • Political Machines

    Political Machines
    Informal political group designed to gain and keep power in urban areas… they gave the people what the city government could not in order to get public support.
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    The Gilded Age

    It was a period of enormous growth, especailly in the north and west. This attracted millions of emigres from Europe. However, the Gilded Age was also an era of enormous poverty. The average annual income for most families was $380, well below the poverty line.
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    Upton Sinclair

    He was an American author who wrote close to one hundred books in many genres. He achieved popularity in the first half of the twentieth century, acquiring particular fame for his classic muckraking novel, The Jungle
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    The Haymarket Riot in Chicago in May 1886 killed several people, and resulted in a highly controversial trial followed by executions of four men who may have been innocent. The American labor movement was dealt a severe setback, and the chaotic events resonated for many years.
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    The Dawes Act

    An act to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to Indians on the various reservations, and to extend the protection of the laws of the United States and the Territories over the Indians, and for other purposes.
  • The battle of Wounded Knee

    The battle of Wounded Knee
    Wounded Knee, located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota, was the site of two conflicts between North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government. An 1890 massacre left some 150 Native Americans dead, in what was the final clash between federal troops and the Sioux. In 1973, members of the American Indian Movement occupied Wounded Knee for 71 days to protest conditions on the reservation.
  • Trust & Anit-Trust

    Trust & Anit-Trust
    Business and industry were undergoing enormous changes in the U.S. during the 1890s. The first class of multimillionaires had made their fortunes in the Civil War, and during subsequent decades they began to consolidate holdings in a number of industries with national and international reach. Among the most famous were Carnegie Steel and John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company.
  • Pure Food & Drug Act

    Pure Food & Drug Act
    An Act for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes.
  • Ameicanization

    Ameicanization
    Americanization is the process of an immigrant to the United States of America becoming a person who shares American values, beliefs and customs and is assimilated into American society
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    An assembly line is a manufacturing process in which parts are added to a product in a sequential manner to create a finished product much faster than with handcrafting-type methods.
  • Eugenics

    Eugenics
    The desire to improve the hereditary qualities of the human population through selective breeding, forced sterilization, and euthanasia. This pseudo-science got its start in the U.S. and was later used by Hitler to enact genocide on people he deemed “un-fit”
  • The American Dream

    The American Dream
    The term “American dream” is used in many ways, but it essentially is an idea that suggests that anyone in the US can succeed through hard work and has the potential to lead a happy, successful life.