How The West Was Won

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    How The West Was Won

  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Mid 1800's
    Social Darwinism was the application of Charles Darwin`s scientific theories of evolution and natural selection to contemporary social development. In nature, only the fittest survived—so too in the marketplace. This form of justification was enthusiastically adopted by many American businessmen as scientific proof of their superiority.
  • Assimilation

    to take people and put them into a wider society or culture, in this case with the Indians it was not by choice.
  • Americanization

    A process that American people created; they would go onto the Indian reservations and take the small children until they were about 16 or 17 and teach them that the way they are is wrong, the would shave their hair, take everything from their culture and replace it with something more american. They believed Indians were animals and so they were trying to make the Indian children “human”.
  • Automobile

    It came out in 1806 which was powered by a internal combustion engine running on fuel gas.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    The belief that God had set aside land for the Anglo people to not only take as theirs but also tame and better the land.
  • Boss Tweed

    Boss Tweed
    William Magear Tweed, popularly known as "Boss Tweed", was a Democratic New York politician during the nineteenth century. He was a very successful politician. He was the third largest land owner in New York City at the time, owning hotels, banks, a printing company, and railroads. He ensured that his constituents, who were mostly immigrants, were given jobs, orphanages, hospitals, and shelter. (1823-1878)
  • Andrew Carnegie

    Andrew Carnegie
    Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish-American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century (1835-1919)
  • John D. Rockefeller

    John D. Rockefeller
    He built his first oil refinery near Cleveland and in 1870 incorporated the Standard Oil Company. By 1882 he had a near-monopoly of the oil business in the U.S, but his business practices led to the passing of antimonopoly laws. Late in life Rockefeller devoted himself to philanthropy. (1839-1937)
  • Eugene V. Debs

    Eugene V. Debs
    He became became president of the American Railway Union in 1839. His union conducted a successful strike for higher wages against the Great Northern Railway in 1894. He gained greater renown when he went to jail for his role in leading the Chicago Pullman Palace Car Company strike. He was the Socialist party's presidential candidate in 1900,1908, 1912 and 1920
  • Settlment of the West

    Settlment of the West
    From 1850-1890, people moved west and settled there. They pushed the Native Americans to the west, then they pushed them into different reservations.
  • Bessemer Proceess

    Bessemer Proceess
    A method for making steel by blasting compressed air through molten iron to burn out excess carbon and impurities
  • Urbanization

    Increased population dramatically around 1860 13% of people lived in urban areas and by 1920 most people lived in urban areas
  • Vertical and Horizontal Integration

    Vertical and Horizontal Integration
    • America's economy grew by more than 400% between 1860 and 1900• Technological advances, expanding population, improved transportation, financial innovation, and new business practices combined to fuel this economic growth• "Titans of Industry" like John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J.P. Morgan built monopolies and revolutionized business practices• Laissez faire ideology called for little or no government regulation of economic affairs• Unskilled urban workers did not share in econ
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Land that was owned by the Native Americans were taken away and sold for $10. The people that baught the land had to better the land in some way in 5 years.
  • Growth of Railroads: Pacific Railroad Act

    Growth of Railroads: Pacific Railroad Act
    An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure the government's use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes; followed by several railroad acts later.
  • Industrialization in the Gilded Age

    Industrialization in the Gilded Age
    This was the time of many new inventions for the US like barbed wire, the assembly line, and later the automobile.
  • Nativism

    Anti-Foreign Sentiment. (1870-1890)
  • Federal Indian Policy

    Federal Indian Policy
    refers the relationship between the U.S. government and the Indian Tribes-conciliation/appeasement-relocation-confinement-Westward expansion and Indian relocation: 19th century; eastern settlers of the U.S wanted to explore westward → Indians forced to move out of their homeland
  • Barbed Wire

    Barbed Wire
    First used in the Spanish-American War.
  • The American Dream

    The American Dream
    At the time the American Dream was to have money, land, in the west of course, and a steady job to provide for your family.
  • Labor Unions

    Labor Unions
    (1877-1917) The Gilded Age was a period of horrific labor violence, as industrialists and workers literally fought over control of the workplace.• Workers organized the first large American labor unions during the Gilded Age• Employers were generally just as determined to stop unionization as workers were to organize unions, leading to frequent conflict• Constant strikes and violence eventually caused the middle class to become fed up with both union and businessmen
  • Upton Sinclair

    Upton Sinclair
    He was an american author who wrote almost 100 books in many different genres.
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    On May 4, 1886, a labor protest rally near Chicago’s Haymarket Square turned into a riot after someone threw a bomb at police. At least eight people died as a result of the violence that day. Despite a lack of evidence against them, eight radical labor activists were convicted in connection with the bombing. The Haymarket Riot was viewed a setback for the organized labor movement in America, which was fighting for such rights as the eight-hour workday.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    Broke up tribal systems of the Native Americans because some gave up land so they could later become citizens.
  • Political Machines

    Political Machines
    Frustrated farmers organized their own party, the Populists.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of  Wounded Knee
    Wounded Knee, located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota, was the site of two conflicts between North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government. An 1890 massacre left some 150 Native Americans dead, in what was the final clash between federal troops and the Sioux. In 1973, members of the American Indian Movement occupied Wounded Knee for 71 days to protest conditions on the reservation
  • Trusts and Anti-Trusts

    Trusts and Anti-Trusts
    The act was there to combat anticompetitive practices, reduce market domination by individual corporatins, and perserve unfettereed competition as the rula of trade.
  • Political Corruption

    Political Corruption
    The Democrats co-opted much of the Populist agenda and the Populists supported Democrat William Jennings Bryan for the presidency; Bryan lost and the Populists faded away
  • Immigration

    Immigration during this time spiked dramatically due to pull factors such as land, mass job opportunities, political and religious freedom, etc.
  • Teddy Roosevelt

    Teddy Roosevelt
    With the assassination of President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation's history. He brought new excitement and power to the Presidency. His term was from 1901-1909
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    United States federal law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.
  • Eugenics

    A science that tries to improve the human race by controlling which people become parents.
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    Henry Ford started it for production of an automobile.