Holocaust Timeline

Timeline created by SkylaL.
In History
  • Hitler's Takeover of Power

    Hitler's Takeover of Power
    On January 30, 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. On February 27, 1933, the Reichstag is burned creating chaos; Hilter blames it on communists and requests emergency powers. This leads to the German Parliament passing the Enabling Act giving Hitler full power, on March 24, 1933.
  • Nazi discrimination arise

    Nazi discrimination arise
    The Nazis started a boycott of Jewish shops and businesses on April 1, 1933, throughout Germany. Although many Germans ignored the boycott and continued to buy from Jewish shops, causing the boycott to be called off 24 hours after it started.
  • Nazi race and race science beliefs

    Nazi race and race science beliefs
    In September 1935 the Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews were issued. These laws restricted German citizenship to those with German blood and excluded those with Jewish or Roma blood. The laws also only allowed Jews to marry Jews, Jews could not attend German Schools/Universities, Jews could not practice law/medicine, and Jews were not allowed to publish books. Members of the Hilter Youth received lessons on racial hygiene, they were the Nazi belief that separated races into superior and inferior.
  • The search of an escape

    The search of an escape
    Nazi troops enter Austria, who had a population of 200,000 Jews, Hitler announces a union with Austria in March 1938. With the union humiliation, terror, and confiscation, had many Austrian Jews attempting to leave the country. Although it was not easy for them to leave Jews had to get an exit ticket and had to pay large amounts of money, along with additional fees.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    A young Jewish man shoot and killed a German diplomat in France for harassing his parents, as a retaliation Hitler started Kristaacht, "Night of Broken Glass". Hitlers Nazi regime unleashed a planed anti-Jew attacks throughout greater Germany, on the night of November 9-10. Overnight synagogues were burned, 7,500 Jewish businesses were destroyed, 96 Jews were killed, and around 30,000 Jewish men were arrested. The Nazis held the Jews responsible for the damage and fined them $400 billion.
  • Hope for refuge

    Hope for refuge
    In May 1939 the passenger ship St. Louis was carrying 937 passengers, mostly Jews. They first sailed from Germany to Cuba but unknown to the passengers, the Cuban government revoked their landing certificates. The ship had turned to the United States but Government policies in the 1930s and the Great Depression made it difficult for Jews to settle in the U.S. After the U.S. denied permission for the passengers they returned to Europe, some of them would later be killed in the holocaust.
  • The second World War

    The second World War
    The German Miltary invaded and began the conquest of Poland in September 1939 which propelled Europe into World War II.
  • Life in the Warsaw Ghetto

    Life in the Warsaw Ghetto
    The Ghettos were city districts created by Germany to segregate and control the Jewish population, many Ghettos were used in the mass genocide of the Jewish population. Survival in the Ghettos was a daily challenge due to a lack of necessities such as food, sanitation, shelter, and clothing. In November 1940, German authorities sealed off the Warsaw ghetto, which did not help the already low supplies for the more than 300,000 Jews living there.
  • The Nazi Mobile Killing Squads

    The Nazi Mobile Killing Squads
    The squads carried out the mass murder of Jews, Roma, and Communist officials. About a quarter of all Jews who died in the Holocaust were killed by the mobile killing squads and police battalions who followed the German invasion into the Soviet Union in June 1941.
  • Hidden Archives

    Hidden Archives
    In the fall of 1939, Jewish resistance in Warsaw created a secret archive to document the truth of what the Jewish went through in the Ghettos. By 1942 to 1943 they began to bury the documents in milk cans to preserve records of Nazi crimes for future generations to find.
  • Danish rescuers

    Danish rescuers
    Danish rescuers ferried 7,220 Jews to safety across the narrow strait to Sweden for several weeks in October 1943. As a result of the Danish effort, more than 90 percent of the Jews in Denmark escaped deportation to concentration camps.
  • Truth of the Concentration camps, "Final Solution"

    Truth of the Concentration camps, "Final Solution"
    Many Jews were taken from Czechoslavakia to one of the largest killing centers, Auschwitz-Birkenau, by train. A majority of the Jews who entered killing centers were killed in gas chambers, within hours of their arrival and their bodies were cremated. Once in the camps, German authorities took all the Jew's personal belongings and collected them for use. Soviet troops found tens of thousands of shoes when they liberated the Majdanek concentration camp in Polan in July 1944.
  • End of Hitlers reign

    End of Hitlers reign
    At midnight on the night of April 28-29, Hitler married Eva Braun, his long-time mistress, in the Berlin Bunker. His last testament was to appoint Admiral Karl Donitz as head of state and Goebbels as chancellor. Afterwords on April 30, Hitler shot himself and Braun took poison. Their bodies were burned according to Hitler's in instructions. With Soviet forces occupying Berlin, Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945.
  • Nazi officials postwar trials

    Nazi officials postwar trials
    Starting in October 1945, 22 major war criminals were tried on charges of crimes against peace, war, crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit those crimes. Those leading Nazi officials listened to proceedings at the International Military Tribunal before judges representing the Allied powers.