World War 2

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    Franklin D. Roosevelt


    Heinrich Hertz
    Heinrich Hertz in Germany calculated that an electric current swinging very rapidly back and forth in a conducting wire would radiate electromagnetic waves into the surrounding space (today we would call such a wire an "antenna"). With such a wire he created (in 1886) and detected such oscillations in his lab, using an electric spark, in which the current oscillates rapidly (that is how lightning creates its characteristic crackling noise on the radio!). Today we call such waves "
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    Adolf Hitler

  • Adolf Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist (Nazi) Party.

  • Germany admitted to League of Nations.

  • Hitler elected leader of Germany

  • First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin.

  • Germany quits the League of Nations.

  • Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.

  • German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws.

  • German troops occupy the Sudetenland; Czech government resigns.

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    The Manhattan Project

  • Hitler theretens the Jews

  • Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy.

  • Evacuation of children from London

  • Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: The German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact is signed in Moscow

  • Nazis and Soviets sign Pact.

  • Poland and Great Britain formally sign a treaty of mutual assistance

  • Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.

  • Slovak Premier Father Josef Tiso invites the Germany army to occupy Slovakia.

  • The great evacuation of children from British cities begins

  • Germany attacked Poland

  • The Euthanasia Decree, which will not actually be written until October, is predated to go into effect on this date in Greater Germany

    This decree orders that all Germans with incurable diseases are to be killed in order to free up needed hospital space and eliminate "useless eaters."
  • Britain declares war Germany

  • Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.

  • Canada declares war on Germany; Battle of the Atlantic begins.

  • Soviets invade Poland.

  • - Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass.

    people break all Jewish shop windows.
  • November 30, 1939 - Soviets attack Finland

  • Rationing begins in Britain.

  • Finland signs a peace treaty with Soviets.

  • Germans bomb Scapa Flow naval base near Scotland.

  • Nazis invade Denmark and Norway.

  • Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.

  • Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk evacuation ends.

  • Norway surrenders to the Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France.

  • France signs an armistice with Nazi Germany.

  • Battle of Britain begins.

    The Germans wanted to get the RAF out of the way.
  • Tripartite (Axis) Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.

  • Massive German air raid on London

  • Krakow Ghetto Established

    From March 3–20, 1941, German authorities announce, establish, and seal a ghetto in Krakow, Poland. Between 15,000 and 20,000 Jews are forced to live within the ghetto boundaries, which are enclosed by barbed wirer fences and, in places, by a stone wall.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Japan launches a surprise attack on the United States Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, severely damaging the fleet. The attack prevents, at least for the short term, serious American interference with Japanese military operations.
  • Death Penalty for Aiding Jews

    Death Penalty for Aid to Jews who have left the Jewish residential areas without permission Recently, many Jews have left their designated Jewish residential areas. For the time, they are in the Warsaw District. I remind you that according to the Third Decree of the General Governor's concerning the residential restrictions in the General Government of 10/15/1941 (VBL; abbreviation for Verordnungsblatt Generalgouvernement, p. 595) not only Jews who have left their designated residential area
  • Letter Asking for Help to Hide Daughter

    A letter from Selek and Eda Kuenstler to Sophia Zendler beseeches Zendler to save the child from "annihilation." Salek and Eda Kuenstler married in Krakow on August 30, 1939. Anita was born on November 18, 1942, in the Krakow ghetto. When she was three months old, her parents spirited her out of the ghetto, persuading the Zendlers, a Catholic family, to hide her. Anita's father promised to pay Mrs. Zendler 30,000 zloty to care for the child. The Zendlers, who had three children of their own, b
  • Liquidation of the Krakow Ghetto

    During the operation the SS kill approximately 2,000 Jews in the ghetto and transfer another 2,000 Jews, the members and families of the Jewish council, and the Krakow ghetto police force to Plaszow. The SS and Police transport approximately 3,000 more Krakow Jews to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where the camp authorities select 499 men and 50 women for forced labor. The rest, approximately 2,450 people, are murdered in the gas chambers.
  • D DAY

    The day on which the Battle of Normandy began.
  • Five Marines and a Navy hospital corpsman raise the flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima,

    Five Marines and a Navy hospital corpsman raise the flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, using a piece of Japanese pipe as a mast, February 23, 1945. Three of the flag raisers were later killed as the fighting raged on. By March 16, when Iwo Jima was declared secured, 6,821 Americans and 21,000 Japanese (the entire force) had died. The flag raising photo and subsequent statue came to symbolize being a Marine.
  • German Surrender

    Soviet forces encircled Berlin, the German capital on April 25, 1945. That same day, Soviet forces linked up with their American counterparts attacking from the west in central Germany (Torgau). After heavy fighting, Soviet forces neared Adolf Hitler’s command bunker in central Berlin. On April 30, 1945, Hitler committed suicide. Within days, Berlin fell to the Soviets. German armed forces surrendered unconditionally in the west on May
  • V-E DAY

    V-E Day stands for Victory in Europe Day.
    It marks a very important event in World War 2 - the end of the War with Germany on Tuesday 8 May 1945.
  • V-J DAY

    V-J Day stands for Victory in Japan Day.
    It marks a very important event in World War 2 - the day Japan surrendered to the Allies after almost six years of war on 15 August 1945.
  • Randy Welch (My Grandpa.)

    My Grandpa's brithday!
  • Debbra Welch (My Grandma.)

    My Grandma's brithday!