• Stalin Takes Power in Russia

    Stalin Takes Power in Russia
    Stalin and his idea of Communism take the minds of the Russians and scare the US greatly.
  • Elie Wiesel was born

    Elie Wiesel was born in Sighet, Romania, later becomes Nungary.
  • Causes of War

    Causes of War
    Hitler and other fascist dictators had gradually come into power in the years following World War One. They ruled through fear, and generally made aggressive actions towards other countries. Hitler, in particular, became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, and he rebuilt the German economy and military, in direct defiance of the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Adolf Hilter

    Adolf Hilter
    President Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany. charismatic speaker, Hitler channeled popular discontent with the post-war Weimar government into support for his fledgling Nazi party. March 20, 1933: SS opens the Dachau concentration camp outside of Munich. April 1, 1933: Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany April 7, 1933: Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil ServiceJuly 14, 1933: Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases
  • Hitler is Named Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler is Named Chancellor of Germany
    Hitler and his Nazi party take power in Germany.
  • Hitler was elected, Dachau Camp opens

    Hitler was elected, Dachau Camp opens
    Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany. Dachau, a death camp, opens.
  • Nuremberg Race Laws

    Nuremberg Race Laws
    At the annual party rally held in Nuremberg in 1935, the Nazis announced new laws which institutionalized many of the racial theories prevalent in Nazi ideology. The laws excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having sexual relations with persons of "German or related blood." Ancillary ordinances to the laws disenfranchised Jews and deprived them of most political rights. March 16, 1935: Germany introduces military conscription.
  • Germany Remilitarizes Rhineland

    Germany Remilitarizes Rhineland
    Germany sends troops to reclaim the Rhineland between France and Germany.
  • Germany incorporates Austria in the Anschluss

    Germany incorporates Austria in the Anschluss
    German troops entered Austria, and one day later, Austria was incorporated into Germany. This union, known as the Anschluss, received the enthusiastic support of most of the Austrian population and was retroactively approved via a plebiscite in April 1938. Although neither Jews nor Roma (Gypsies) were allowed to vote, the results were manipulated to indicate that more than 99 percent of the Austrian people wanted the union with Germany.
  • World War II

    World War II
    World War II, fought in parts of Europe, the Middle East, East Asia and Africa between 1939-1945, was the most destructive war in history, claiming the lives of more than 60 million military personnel and civilians.
  • vledek continues

    vledek continues
    Vladek courts Anja. By 1936, they are engaged, and they marry on February 14, 1937.
  • Jewish immigrants to Canada

    Jewish immigrants to Canada
    The Canadian government discouraged any non-Caucasian immigrants from entering the country prior to World War 2, in fear that they would take jobs usually reserved for native Canadians. This policy included people of Jewish descent, and the government even went so far as to refuse a boatload of Jewish refugees from Europe after they had arrived in Canada. This ship ultimately sailed back to Germany, ending in the death of most onboard. Canada still remained isolationist befroe WW2.
  • Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Agreemen

    Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Agreemen
    September 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe. September 17, 1939: The Soviet Union occupies Poland from the east. October 8, 1939: Germans establish a ghetto in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland. Hitler was planning against the possibility of a two front war. Since fighting a two front war in World War I had split Germany's forces, it had weakened and undermined their offensive; thus, played a large role in Germany losing the First World War.
  • vladek fighting

    vladek fighting
    In September, 1939, Vladek is fighting in the trenches against the Germans. He is taken prisoner during a skirmish. He is first taken to a POW camp, then to a labor camp. Finally, several months later, he is released.
  • Soviet invasion of Poland

    Soviet invasion of Poland
    Sixteen days after Nazi Germany invaded Poland from the west, the Soviet Union did so from the east.The invasion ended on 6 October 1939.
  • Canadian Training Programs

    Canadian Training Programs
    the population of Canada wasquite resistant to the idea of another war, as many still remembered the horrors of World War One. Also, the Canadian government wanted to avoid the conscription crisis that had divided the country years earlier, so the Government instead sent a decreased volume of soldiers to the front, but agreed to host the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan to train pilots for war. The federal government also became more involved in the economy, creating munitions for war.
  • vladek

    Vladek Spiegelman is the father of the author/cartoonist, Art Speiglman, who wrote Maus1 and Maus 2
  • Germany captures Norway and Denmark. Auschwitz camp opens.

    Germany captures Norway and Denmark. Auschwitz camp opens.
    Germany, captures Norway and Denmark, Auschwitz concentration camp opens.
  • The Desert War

    North Africa was a front that had been simmering since the beginning of the war. Italian troops were attacking European colonies in the region, and Commonwealth forces were fighting them every step of the way. By December 1940, the Commonwealth troops had almost wiped out the Italian soldiers, when Hitler sent German reinforcements, which he hoped that could win the battle against English troops in Africa quickly, but instead the conflict turned into a stalemate that ended in an Allied victory.
  • Crimes Against Humanity

    During what was later referred to as the Holocaust, Nazi Germany began a genocide of Jewish, Roma, and Slav peoples. People were rounded up that fit, or rather didn’t fit, the qualifications, dictated by Hitler (Nazi leader), and they were sent to concentration camps. Around elven million people were killed. During the Nureberg Trials twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death-the first time that leaders of a country were charged for immoral acts during wartime.
  • Crimes Against Humanity 2

    imilar sentences were handed out to overseers of Japanese POW (prisoner of war) camps; they were found guilty and charged for crimes against humanity.
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union

    July 6, 1941: Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) shoot nearly 3,000 Jews at the Seventh Fort, one of the 19th-century fortifications surrounding Kovno. August 3, 1941: Bishop Clemens August Graf von Galen of Muenster denounces the “euthanasia” killing program in a public sermon. September 28-29, 1941: Einsatzgruppen shoot about 34,000 Jews at Babi Yar, outside Kiev. November 7, 1941: Einsatzgruppen round up 13,000 Jews from the Minsk ghetto and kill them in nearby Tuchinki (Tuchinka)
  • Auschwitz began to use the poisonous gas

    Auschwitz began to use the poisonous gas.
  • Battle of Midway

    Regarded as the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II.approximately one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea and six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet.
  • Wannsee Conference held near Berlin, Germany

    anuary 16, 1942: Germans begin the mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Lodz to the Chelmno killing center.March 27, 1942: Germans begin the deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Drancy, outside Paris, to the east (primarily to Auschwitz). June 28, 1942: Germany launches a new offensive towards the city of Stalingrad. July 15, 1942: Germans begin mass deportations of nearly 100,000 Jews from the occupied Netherlands to the east (primarily to Auschwitz). July 22, 1942: Germans begin
  • Operation

    Was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II. The Soviet Union wanted the United States and Britainto start operation in Europe.
  • FDR Is Elected Persident

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, related to Teddy Roosevelt, is elected President of the United States after Herbert Hoover failed to help the American people of the Depression.
  • Germans forces occupy Hungary

    May 15, 1944: Germans begin the mass deportation of about 440,000 Jews from Hungary. June 6, 1944: D-Day: Allied forces invade Normandy, France. June 22, 1944: The Soviets launch an offensive in eastern Belorussia (Belarus). July 25, 1944: Anglo-American forces break out of Normandy. August 1, 1944: Warsaw Polish uprising begins; August 15, 1944: Allied forces land in southern France. August 25, 1944: Liberation of Paris; December 16, 1944: Battle of the Bulge
  • Elie and his father were sent to Auschwitz

    Elie and his father were sent to Auschwitz.
  • Anne Frank dies at “Bergen-Belsen”

    Anne Frank dies at “Bergen-Belsen”