Url 4

Holocaust Timeline

  • Hitler Becomes Chancellor

    Hitler Becomes Chancellor
    Adolf Hitler becomes Cancellor of Germany
  • Geman goverment takes away most rights

    Geman goverment takes away most rights
    The German government takes away freedom of speech, assembly, press, and freedom from invasion of privacy and from house search without warrant.
  • Rosevelt becomes U.S president

    Rosevelt becomes U.S president
    Franklin Rosevelt becomes U.S president
  • The first concentration camp is Established in Germany

    The first concentration camp is Established in Germany
    The first concentration camp is established in Nazi Germany at Dachau. The first prisoners are political opponents.
  • Nazis organixe a boycott of jewish-owned buisnesses

    Nazis organixe a boycott of jewish-owned buisnesses
    A nationwide boycott of Jewish-owned businesses in Germany is carried out under Nazi leadership.
  • Jews are barred from government service

    Jews are barred from government service
    Jews are barred from government service; Jewish civil servants, including University professors and school teachers, are fired from their positions.
  • Laws against overcrowding of German Schools

    Laws against overcrowding of German Schools
    Jews are barred from government service; Jewish civil servants, including University professors and school teachers, are fired from their positions.
  • Book burning

    Book burning
    Books by Jews and opponents of Nazism are burned publicly.
  • Sterilization of "lesser people"

    Sterilization of "lesser people"
    Laws are passed in Germany that permit the forced sterilization of Gypsies, the mentally and physically disabled, African-Germans, and others considered "inferior" or "unfit."
  • Germany leaves the League of nations

    Germany leaves the League of nations
    Germany withdraws from the League of Nations
  • Jewish kids prohibited from athletic activities

    Jewish kids prohibited from athletic activities
    In all German schools it is officially taught that "non-Aryans" are racially inferior. Jewish children are prohibited from participating in "Aryan" sports clubs, school orchestras, and other extracurricular activities. Jewish children are banned from playgrounds, swimming pools, and parks in many German cities and towns.
  • Hitlers proclaims himself lleader of the third reich

    Hitlers proclaims himself lleader of the third reich
    Adolph Hitler declares himself president and chancellor of the Third Reich after the death of Paul von Hindenburg
  • Homsexuals Arrested throught Germany

    Homsexuals Arrested throught Germany
    First major wave of arrests of homosexuals occurs throughout Germany, continuing into November
  • Saar region annexed

    Saar region annexed
    The Saar region is annexed by Germany
  • Hitler reinstates draft

    Hitler reinstates draft
    Hitler violates the Versailles Treaty by renewing the compulsory military draft
  • Jehova's Witnesses arrested

    Jehova's Witnesses arrested
    Jehovah's Witnesses are banned from all civil service jobs and are arrested throughout Germany
  • "No Jews" signs posted all around germany

    "No Jews" signs posted all around germany
    No Jews" signs and notices are posted outside German towns and villages, and outside shops and restaurants
  • Jews no longer allowed to serve in military

    Jews no longer allowed to serve in military
    Jews are prohibited from serving in the German armed forces
  • Jews deprived of citizenship

    Jews deprived of citizenship
    The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship
  • Jewish doctors permitted in serving

    Jewish doctors permitted in serving
    Jewish doctors are no longer permitted to practice in government institutions in Germany
  • Hitler invades the Rhinleand

    Hitler invades the Rhinleand
    Hitler's army invades the Rhineland
  • Gypies sent to first concentration camp

    Gypies sent to first concentration camp
    The first German Gypsies are arrested and deported to Dachau concentration camp.
  • Olympic games are held in Berlin

    Olympic games are held in Berlin
    The Olympic Games take place in Berlin. Anti-Jewish signs (i.e., "Jews Not Welcome") are removed until the Games are completed
  • Non Aryan teaching prohibited

    Non Aryan teaching prohibited
    The Ministry of Science and Education prohibits teaching by "non-Aryans" in public schools and bans private instruction by Jewish teachers
  • Fewer Jewish children allowed to attend schools

    Fewer Jewish children allowed to attend schools
    Further restrictions are imposed on the number of Jewish students attending German schools
  • Buchenwald Opens

    Buchenwald Opens
    Buchenwald concentration camp opens
  • Jewish passports limited

    Jewish passports limited
    Jews can obtain passports for travel outside of Germany only in special cases
  • Germany annexes Austria

    Germany annexes Austria
    Germany annexes Austria
  • Austria passes anti-gypsie laws

    Austria passes anti-gypsie laws
    The German government passes a decree requiring the registration of all Gypsies without a fixed address living in Austria; by June 1938, all Gypsy children above the age of 14 have to be fingerprinted. This is a central part of the growing racial definition of Gypsies as "criminally asocial
  • Thirty Two Countries meet to discuss refugees

    Thirty Two Countries meet to discuss refugees
    Representatives from thirty-two countries meet at Evian, France, to discuss refugee policies. Most of the countries refuse to let in more Jewish refugees
  • Jews must carry I.D

    Jews must carry I.D
    The German government announces Jews must carry identification cards
  • Assasination attempt against German politician

    Assasination attempt against German politician
    An attempt is made by Herschel Grynzpan to assassinate a German diplomat in Paris
  • "Knight of broken glass"

    "Knight of broken glass"
    Kristallnacht ("Night of Broken Glass"): Nazi organized nation-wide pogroms result in the burning of hundreds of synagogues; the looting and destruction of many Jewish homes, schools, and community offices; vandalism; and the looting of 7,500 Jewish stores. Many Jews are beaten, and more than 90 are killed. Thirty-thousand Jewish men are arrested and imprisoned in concentration camps. Several thousand Jewish women are arrested and sent to local jails. This is followed by a punitive fine to be pa
  • Jews forced to pay

    Jews forced to pay
    German Jews are ordered to pay one billion Reichsmarks in reparations for damages of Kristallinach
  • Jewish children banned from schools

    Jewish children banned from schools
    All Jewish children are expelled from German schools and can attend only separate Jewish schools
  • Jews not allowed on streets;not allowed to drive

    Jews not allowed on streets;not allowed to drive
    Decrees ban Jews from public streets on certain days; Jews are forbidden drivers' licenses and car registrations
  • Jews forced to sell private property

    Jews forced to sell private property
    Jews must sell their businesses and real estate and hand over their securities and jewelry to the government at artificially low prices
  • Jews banned from universities as teacher/studetns

    Jews banned from universities as teacher/studetns
    Jews may no longer attend universities as teachers and/or students
  • Germany invades Czechoslovakia

    Germany invades Czechoslovakia
    Germany invades and occupies Czechoslovakia
  • U.S declines Jewish refugees

    U.S declines Jewish refugees
    Cuba and the United States refuse to accept Jewish refugees aboard the ship S.S. St. Louis, which is forced to return to Europe.
  • Thousands of Gypsies arrested in Austria

    Thousands of Gypsies arrested in Austria
    Two-thousand Gypsy males above the age of 16 are arrested in Burgenland Province (formerly Austria) and sent to Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps; 1,000 Gypsy girls and women above the age of 15 are arrested and sent to the Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact signed

    Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact signed
    The Soviet Union and Germany sign a non-agression pact with each other
  • Germany begins WW2

    Germany begins WW2
    The German army invades Poland and World War II begins
  • Jews receive less ration and clothing cards then other germans

    Jews receive less ration and clothing cards then other germans
    Jews are forced to turn in radios, cameras, and other electric objects to the police. Jews receive more restrictive ration coupons than other Germans. They do not receive coupons for meat, milk, etc. Jews also receive fewer and more limited clothing ration cards than do Germans
  • Hitler begins euthinasia on disabled persons

    Hitler begins euthinasia on disabled persons
    Hitler extends powers to doctors to kill institutionalized mentally and physically disabled persons in the "euthanasia" program
  • Polish jews forced to wear star on chest or arm

    Polish jews forced to wear star on chest or arm
    Germans force Jews in Poland to wear a yellow Star of David on their chests or a blue-and-white Star of David armband
  • First Polish ghetto established

    First Polish ghetto established
    The first Polish ghetto is established.
  • Germany defeats most neighbors

    Germany defeats most neighbors
    The German army invades and defeats Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and France
  • Thousands of jews sent to Lodz ghetto

    Thousands of jews sent to Lodz ghetto
    Approximately 164,000 Polish Jews are concentrated and imprisoned in the Lódz ghetto which is established and sealed off from the outside world
  • Auschwitz is established

    Auschwitz is established
    A concentration camp is established at Auschwitz, Poland
  • France begins to pass anti-jewish laws

    France begins to pass anti-jewish laws
    Anti-Jewish laws are passed by France's Vichy Government
  • Warsaw (ghetto) is established

    Warsaw (ghetto) is established
    The Warsaw ghetto is established
  • Warsaw ghetto gets 500,000 occupants

    Warsaw ghetto gets 500,000 occupants
    The Warsaw ghetto is closed off with approximately 500,000 inhabitants.
  • Three more countries join the axis powers

    Three more countries join the axis powers
    Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
  • Gypsy and African-German children are expelled from public schools

    Gypsy and African-German children are expelled from public schools
    Gypsy and African-German children are expelled from public schools
  • The German army invades North Africa

    The German army invades North Africa
    The German army invades North Africa
  • The German army invades Yugoslavia and Greece

    The German army invades Yugoslavia and Greece
    The German army invades Yugoslavia and Greece
  • Jews first to work in Romania

    Jews first to work in Romania
  • French Govermnet takes rights away from Jews

    French Govermnet takes rights away from Jews
  • Germany invades Russia

    Germany invades Russia
    The German army invades the Soviet Union. The Einsatzgruppen, mobile killing squads, begin the mass murders of Jews, Gypsies, and Communist leaders.
  • German Jews forced to wear star of david

    German Jews forced to wear star of david
    German Jews above the age of six are forced to wear a yellow Star of David sewed on the left side of their clothes with the word "Jude" printed in black
  • P.O.Ws and polish prisoners are sent to Auscwitz

    P.O.Ws and polish prisoners are sent to Auscwitz
    Soviet prisoners of war and Polish prisoners are killed in Nazi test of gas chambers at Auschwitz in occupied Poland.
  • Thousands of Jews killed in Ukraine

    Thousands of Jews killed in Ukraine
    Nearly 34,000 Jews are murdered by mobile killing squads at Babi Yar, near Kiev in the Ukraine.
  • Birkenau begins construction

    Birkenau begins construction
    Construction begins on Birkenau, an addition to the Auschwitz camp. Birkenau includes a killing center which begins operations in early 1942
  • German and Austrian jews deported to ghettos

    German and Austrian jews deported to ghettos
    First group of German and Austrian Jews are deported to ghettos in eastern Europe.
  • Thousands of jewsare sent to the lodz ghetto

    Thousands of jewsare sent to the lodz ghetto
    Five thousand Gypsies are deported from labor and internment camps in Austria to the Lódz ghetto in Poland.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
  • Chelmno death camp opens

    Chelmno death camp opens
    The Chelmno death camp opens near Lódz, Poland and the first gassing of victims in mobile gas vans occurs.
  • Germany declares war on U.S

    Germany declares war on U.S
    Germany declares war on the United States.
  • Gypsies from Lodz are sent to Chelmno

    Gypsies from Lodz are sent to Chelmno
    Five thousand Austrian Gypsies from the Lódz ghetto are deported to the killing center at Chelmno where they are all killed in mobile gas vans.
  • Mass gass killings occur around europe

    Mass gass killings occur around europe
    Nazi "extermination" camps located in occupied Poland at Auschwitz, Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, and Majdanek-Lublin begins mass murder of Jews in gas chambers
  • Jews deprted to Chelmno

    Jews deprted to Chelmno
  • Nazi leaders meet to discuss the "final solution"

    Nazi leaders meet to discuss the "final solution"
    Fifteen Nazi and government leaders meet at Wannsee, a section of Berlin, to discuss the "final solution to the Jewish question"
  • Jewish resistance begins in Warsaw ghetto

    Jewish resistance begins in Warsaw ghetto
    Jewish fighting organizations established in the Warsaw ghetto
  • More jews sent to Chelmno

    More jews sent to Chelmno
    Approximately ten thousand Jews, who had arrived in the Lódz ghetto some six months earlier from Germany, Luxembourg, Vienna, and Prague, are deported to Chelmno. Their baggage is confiscated before they board the train.
  • All jewish schools closed in Germany

    All jewish schools closed in Germany
  • Treblinka death camp opens

    Treblinka death camp opens
  • Jews in France and the Netherlands are required to wear identifying Stars of David.

    	 Jews in France and the Netherlands are required to wear identifying Stars of David.
  • More and more jews are being tranported to Chelmno making the number 55,000

    More and more jews are being tranported to Chelmno making the number 55,000
    Approximately fifteen thousand Jews in the Lódz ghetto are deported to Chelmno, mostly children under ten and individuals over sixty-five, but also others who are too weak or ill to work. By September 16, approximately fifty-five thousand Jews have been deported to the killing center at Chelmno.
  • All german jews are sent to Auschwitz

    All german jews are sent to Auschwitz
    All Jews in concentration camps in Germany are sent to death camp at Auschwitz.
  • A special internment camp for non-Jewish Polish youth is opened in Lódz.

    A special internment camp for non-Jewish Polish youth is opened in Lódz.
    A special internment camp for non-Jewish Polish youth is opened in Lódz.
  • Jewish resitance begins

    Jewish resitance begins
    16 Jews in the Warsaw ghetto initiate resistance to deportation by the Germans to the death camps.