Holocaust Timeline

  • Adolf Hitler is appointed chancellor of Germany.

    Adolf Hitler is appointed chancellor of Germany.
    Adolf Hitler is appointed chancellor of Germany.
  • The first concentration camp is established in Nazi Germany at Dachau. The first prisoners are political opponents.

    The first concentration camp is established in Nazi Germany at Dachau. The first prisoners are political opponents.
    The first concentration camp is established in Nazi Germany at Dachau. The first prisoners are political opponents.
  • A nationwide boycott of Jewish-owned businesses in Germany is carried out under Nazi leadership.

    A nationwide boycott of Jewish-owned businesses in Germany is carried out under Nazi leadership.
    A nationwide boycott of Jewish-owned businesses in Germany is carried out under Nazi leadership.
  • ews are barred from government service; Jewish civil servants, including University professors and school teachers, are fired from their positions.

    ews are barred from government service; Jewish civil servants, including University professors and school teachers, are fired from their positions.
    ews are barred from government service; Jewish civil servants, including University professors and school teachers, are fired from their positions.
  • The law against "overcrowding in German schools and universities" is adopted, restricting the number of Jewish children allowed to attend. Children of war veterans and those with one non-Jewish parent are initially exempted.

    The law against "overcrowding in German schools and universities" is adopted, restricting the number of Jewish children allowed to attend. Children of war veterans and those with one non-Jewish parent are initially exempted.
  • Books by Jews and opponents of Nazism are burned publicly.

    Books by Jews and opponents of Nazism are burned publicly.
    Books by Jews and opponents of Nazism are burned publicly.
  • the law says arfican-germans are considered inferior or unfit.

    the law says arfican-germans are considered inferior or unfit.
    Laws are passed in Germany that permit the forced sterilization of Gypsies, the mentally and physically disabled, African-Germans, and others considered "inferior" or "unfit."
  • Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.

    Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
    Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • Adolph Hitler declares himself president and chancellor of the Third Reich after the death of Paul von Hindenburg.

    Adolph Hitler declares himself president and chancellor of the Third Reich after the death of Paul von Hindenburg.
    Adolph Hitler declares himself president and chancellor of the Third Reich after the death of Paul von Hindenburg.
  • First major wave of arrests of homosexuals occurs throughout Germany, continuing into November.

    First major wave of arrests of homosexuals occurs throughout Germany, continuing into November.
    First major wave of arrests of homosexuals occurs throughout Germany, continuing into November.
  • The Saar region is annexed by Germany.

    The Saar region is annexed by Germany.
    The Saar region is annexed by Germany.
  • Hitler violates the Versailles Treaty by renewing the compulsory military draft.

    Hitler violates the Versailles Treaty by renewing the compulsory military draft.
    Hitler violates the Versailles Treaty by renewing the compulsory military draft.
  • Jehovah's Witnesses are banned from all civil service jobs and are arrested throughout Germany.

    Jehovah's Witnesses are banned from all civil service jobs and are arrested throughout Germany.
    Jehovah's Witnesses are banned from all civil service jobs and are arrested throughout Germany.
  • "No Jews" signs and notices are posted outside German towns and villages, and outside shops and restaurants.

    "No Jews" signs and notices are posted outside German towns and villages, and outside shops and restaurants.
    "No Jews" signs and notices are posted outside German towns and villages, and outside shops and restaurants.
  • Jews are prohibited from serving in the German armed forces.

    Jews are prohibited from serving in the German armed forces.
    Jews are prohibited from serving in the German armed forces.
  • The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship.

    The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship.
    The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship.
  • Jewish doctors are no longer permitted to practice in government institutions in Germany.

    Jewish doctors are no longer permitted to practice in government institutions in Germany.
  • Hitler's army invades the Rhineland

    Hitler's army invades the Rhineland
  • The first German Gypsies are arrested and deported to Dachau concentration camp.

    The first German Gypsies are arrested and deported to Dachau concentration camp.
  • The Olympic Games take place in Berlin. Anti-Jewish signs (i.e., "Jews Not Welcome") are removed until the Games are completed.

    The Olympic Games take place in Berlin. Anti-Jewish signs (i.e., "Jews Not Welcome") are removed until the Games are completed.
  • The Ministry of Science and Education prohibits teaching by "non-Aryans" in public schools and bans private instruction by Jewish teachers.

    The Ministry of Science and Education prohibits teaching by "non-Aryans" in public schools and bans private instruction by Jewish teachers.
  • Buchenwald concentration camp opens

    Buchenwald concentration camp opens
  • Further restrictions are imposed on the number of Jewish students attending German schools.

    Further restrictions are imposed on the number of Jewish students attending German schools.
  • Jews can obtain passports for travel outside of Germany only in special cases.

    Jews can obtain passports for travel outside of Germany only in special cases.
  • Germany annexes Austria.

    Germany annexes Austria.
  • The German government announces Jews must carry identification cards.

    The German government announces Jews must carry identification cards.
  • The German government passes a decree requiring the registration of all Gypsies without a fixed address living in Austria; by June 1938, all Gypsy children above the age of 14 have to be fingerprinted. This is a central part of the growing racial definiti

    The German government passes a decree requiring the registration of all Gypsies without a fixed address living in Austria; by June 1938, all Gypsy children above the age of 14 have to be fingerprinted. This is a central part of the growing racial definition of Gypsies as "criminally asocial."
  • An attempt is made by Herschel Grynzpan to assassinate a German diplomat in Paris.

    An attempt is made by Herschel Grynzpan to assassinate a German diplomat in Paris.
  • Kristallnacht ("Night of Broken Glass"): Nazi organized nation-wide pogroms result in the burning of hundreds of synagogues; the looting and destruction of many Jewish homes, schools, and community offices; vandalism; and the looting of 7,500 Jewish store

    Kristallnacht ("Night of Broken Glass"): Nazi organized nation-wide pogroms result in the burning of hundreds of synagogues; the looting and destruction of many Jewish homes, schools, and community offices; vandalism; and the looting of 7,500 Jewish stores. Many Jews are beaten, and more than 90 are killed. Thirty-thousand Jewish men are arrested and imprisoned in concentration camps. Several thousand Jewish women are arrested and sent to local jails. This is followed by a punitive fine to be pa
  • German Jews are ordered to pay one billion Reichsmarks in reparations for damages of Kristallinacht.

    German Jews are ordered to pay one billion Reichsmarks in reparations for damages of Kristallinacht.
  • All Jewish children are expelled from German schools and can attend only separate Jewish schools.

    All Jewish children are expelled from German schools and can attend only separate Jewish schools.
  • Decrees ban Jews from public streets on certain days; Jews are forbidden drivers' licenses and car registrations.

    Decrees ban Jews from public streets on certain days; Jews are forbidden drivers' licenses and car registrations.
  • Jews must sell their businesses and real estate and hand over their securities and jewelry to the government at artificially low prices

    Jews must sell their businesses and real estate and hand over their securities and jewelry to the government at artificially low prices
  • Jews may no longer attend universities as teachers and/or students.

    Jews may no longer attend universities as teachers and/or students.
  • Germany invades and occupies Czechoslovakia.

    Germany invades and occupies Czechoslovakia.
  • Two-thousand Gypsy males above the age of 16 are arrested in Burgenland Province (formerly Austria) and sent to Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps; 1,000 Gypsy girls and women above the age of 15 are arrested and sent to the Ravensbruck concentrati

    Two-thousand Gypsy males above the age of 16 are arrested in Burgenland Province (formerly Austria) and sent to Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps; 1,000 Gypsy girls and women above the age of 15 are arrested and sent to the Ravensbruck concentration camp.
  • Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact signed.

    Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact signed.
  • The German army invades Poland and World War II begins.

    The German army invades Poland and World War II begins.
  • Jews are forced to turn in radios, cameras, and other electric objects to the police. Jews receive more restrictive ration coupons than other Germans. They do not receive coupons for meat, milk, etc. Jews also receive fewer and more limited clothing ratio

    Jews are forced to turn in radios, cameras, and other electric objects to the police. Jews receive more restrictive ration coupons than other Germans. They do not receive coupons for meat, milk, etc. Jews also receive fewer and more limited clothing ration cards than do Germans.
  • Hitler extends powers to doctors to kill institutionalized mentally and physically disabled persons in the "euthanasia" program.

    Hitler extends powers to doctors to kill institutionalized mentally and physically disabled persons in the "euthanasia" program.
  • Germans force Jews in Poland to wear a yellow Star of David on their chests or a blue-and-white Star of David armband.

    Germans force Jews in Poland to wear a yellow Star of David on their chests or a blue-and-white Star of David armband.
  • The first Polish ghetto is established.

    The first Polish ghetto is established.
  • Approximately 164,000 Polish Jews are concentrated and imprisoned in the Lódz ghetto which is established and sealed off from the outside world.

    Approximately 164,000 Polish Jews are concentrated and imprisoned in the Lódz ghetto which is established and sealed off from the outside world.
  • A concentration camp is established at Auschwitz, Poland.

    A concentration camp is established at Auschwitz, Poland.
  • Anti-Jewish laws are passed by France's Vichy Government.

    Anti-Jewish laws are passed by France's Vichy Government.
  • The Warsaw ghetto is closed off with approximately 500,000 inhabitants.

    The Warsaw ghetto is closed off with approximately 500,000 inhabitants.
  • Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.

    Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated President of the United States.

    Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated President of the United States.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated President of the United States.