Unit 2a germany 1918 39 student book edexcel modular gcse history a  188 p

Germany 1918 - 39

  • Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated

    Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated
    After an army mutiny against him, Kaiser Wilhelm II fled in exile to the Netherlands, where he remained for the rest of his life.
  • The November Armistice is signed

    The November Armistice is signed
    The peace armistice is signed officially at 11am, on the 11th of November 1918, signalling the end of the war.
  • DAP founded

    DAP founded
    Founded by Anton Drexler, the DAP was a small paramilitary, far right, antisemitic group.
  • Spartacist Uprising

    Spartacist Uprising
    The Spartacist Uprising was a communist uprising throughout Germany led by Rosa Luzemberg & Karl Liebnecht. It was dealt with after Ebert called in the Freikorps to put the revolt down sucessfully.
  • Treaty of Versailles signed

    Treaty of Versailles signed
    The Treaty of Versailles was intended to ensure a lasting peace by punishing Germany and setting up a League of Nations to solve diplomatic problems. Instead it left a legacy of political and geographical difficulties which have often been blamed, sometime solely, for starting the Second World War.
  • DAP becomes NSDAP

    DAP becomes NSDAP
    In an attempt to make the party more broadly appealing to larger segments of the population, the DAP was renamed on February 24, 1920 to the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
  • Kapp Putsch

    Kapp Putsch
    Led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp, The Kapp Putsch was a coup attempt in March 1920 aimed at undoing the results of the German Revolution of 1918–1919, overthrowing the Weimar Republic and establishing a right-wing autocratic government.
  • Hilter becomes NSDAP's Fuhrer

    Hilter becomes NSDAP's Fuhrer
    Hitler was formally elected party chairman on 28 July 1921, with only one opposing vote. The committee was dissolved, and Hitler was granted nearly absolute powers as the party's sole leader.
  • SA formed

    SA formed
    The Sturmabteilung functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party.Their main assignments were:
    -Providing protection for Nazi rallies
    -Disrupting the meetings of the opposing parties
    -Intimidating Slavic and Romani citizens, unionists and Jews.
  • Period: to

    French Ruhr Occupation

    Germany failed to make reparation payments and in retaliation, France marched into the Ruhr to take the rest of the reparations in industrial goods and produce.
  • Rentenmark issued

    Rentenmark issued
    Gustav Stresemann introduced a new temporary currency to replace the mark. It was given out in limited amounts and backed by property value instead of non-existant gold reserves.
  • Munich Putsch

    Munich Putsch
    The Munich Putsch was a failed attempt by the Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler with General Erich von Ludendorff to seize power in Munich, Bavaria, during 8–9 November 1923. Around two-thousand men marched to the centre of Munich and, in the ensuing confrontation with police forces, sixteen Nazis and four policemen were killed.
  • Dawes Plan Introduced

    Dawes Plan Introduced
    Named after the USA vice President Charles Dawes, this plan reduced reparations to a managable level: 1 billion in th 1st year, increasing by 2.5 billion each year for 5 years. It also evacuated the Ruhr of French troops and allowed Germany to take loans from the USA.
  • NSDAP Party Relaunch

    NSDAP Party Relaunch
    After the failed Munich Putsch, the Nazi Party was relaunched at the Burgerbraukeller Beer Hall. This reorganisation led to a different approach as Hitler decided to take power not by force but through the Reichstag.
  • SS formed

    SS formed
    The Schutzstaffel began as a small, permanent guard unit of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for Nazi Party meetings in Munich. Later, in 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit. Under Himmler's leadership, it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the largest and most powerful organizations in the Third Reich.
  • Hindenberg elected President

    Hindenberg elected President
    Paul von Hindenburg was a Prussian-German field marshal, statesman, and politician, and served as the second President of Germany from 1925 to 1934.
  • Mein Kampf published

    Mein Kampf published
    Mein Kampf was an autobiographical manifesto by Adolf Hitler, in which he outlined his political ideology and future plans for Germany.
  • Locarno Treaties agreed

    Locarno Treaties agreed
    These treaties were an attempt to improve relations between France/ Britain with Germany postwar. Germany promised to keep it's borders with France permanent and in return France left the Ruhr.
  • League of Nations accepts Germany

    League of Nations accepts Germany
    In 1926, Germany was accepted by the rest of the world into the League of Nations.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact signed

    Kellogg-Briand Pact signed
    The Kellogg–Briand Pact was an international agreement in which signatory states renounced the use of war and called for the peaceful settlement of disputes.
  • Young Plan replaces Dawes Plan

    Young Plan replaces Dawes Plan
  • Gustav Stresemann died

    Gustav Stresemann died

    The Wall Street Crash of 1929 was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signalled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
  • Hilter stood for Presidential Election

    Hilter stood for Presidential Election
    He won 37.3% of the votes or 230 seats

  • Reichstag Fire

  • Hilter wins 2/3rds majority in election

  • Enabling Act

  • First Concentration Camp Opens

  • All other Parties banned

    except NSDAP
  • The Night of the Long Knives

  • Hilter becomes President of Germany

    Hindenberg dies and army swear oath of loyalty to Hitler
  • Period: to

    Heavily Escalated Persection of Jews

    Apr 33 - Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses
    May 33 - Jews banned from government jobs
    Jul 33 - Laws allow enforced sterilisation
    Sept 33 - Jews banned from inheriting land
    34 - Jews banned from public parks, pools etc.
    May 35 - Jews no longer drafted into the army
    Jun 35 - Jews banned from restaurants
    Apr 36 - Jewish professionals banned/sacked
    March 38 - Jews must register all their possesions
    Jul 38 - Jews forced to carry identity cards
  • Nuremberg Laws introduced

    Means Jews lose German citezenship & the right to vote as well as many other rights

  • WW2 Began