World War II - Holocaust

  • Adolf Hitler Appointed Chanceilor of Germany.

    Adolf Hitler Appointed Chanceilor of Germany.
  • Period: to

    World War II - Holocaust

  • Reichstag fire.

    Reichstag fire.
    Nazis unleash terror to ensure election results.
  • First concentration camp

    First concentration camp
    First concentration camp - Dachau - established.
  • Enabling Act.

    Enabling Act.
    Enabling Act - Suspending civil liberties - passed by Nazi - dominated Reichstag
  • Boycot of Jewish shops and businesses.

    Boycot of Jewish shops and businesses.
    Boycott of Jewish shops and business. Jewish professionals barred from entering office.
  • First anti-Jewish decree.

    First anti-Jewish decree.
    The Law for the reestablishment of the Civil Service.
  • Ritual slaughter prohibited.

    Ritual slaughter prohibited.
    Ritual slaughter of animals in accordance with Jewish dietary laws prohibited in Germany.
  • Gestapo established.

    Gestapo established.
  • Universities and the arts are "cleansd" of Jewish influence.

    Universities and the arts are "cleansd" of Jewish influence.
    Universities and the arts are "cleansd" of Jewish influence. Jewish professers expelled. Jewish writers and artists prohibited from practicing their professions.
  • Jewish organizations in America and Western Europe protest Nazi persecution of the Jews.

    Jewish organizations in America and Western Europe protest Nazi persecution of the Jews.
    Jewish organizations in America and Western Europe protest Nazi persecution of the Jews. A few call for a boycott of Nazi Germany.
  • Germany leaves the League of Nations

    Germany leaves the League of Nations
  • "Night of the Long Knives"

    "Night of the Long Knives"
    Nazis Purge leadershio of Storm Troopers (SA) and opponents of Nazism.
  • Hitler becomes president.

    Hitler becomes president.
    Hitler named president and commander-in-chief of the armed forces following the death of Von Hindenburg.
  • Germany renews conscription, in violation of Versailles treaty.

    Germany renews conscription, in violation of Versailles treaty.
  • Jews barred from serving in German armed forces.

    Jews barred from serving in German armed forces.
  • "Nuernberg Laws"

    "Nuernberg Laws"
    Anti-Jewish racial laws enacted. Jews could no longer be German citizens, marry Aryans, fly the German flag, and hire German maids under the age of forty-five.
  • Germany defines Jews:

    Germany defines Jews:
    Germany defines Jews: Anyone with three Jewish grandparents; someone with two Jewish grandparents who identifies as a Jew.
  • David Frankfurter

    David Frankfurter
    David Frankfurter, young Jewish student, assassinates Wilhelm Gustloff, leader of Nazi party, in Switzerland.
  • Jewish doctors barred

    Jewish doctors barred
    Jewish doctors barred from practicing medicine in government institutions.
  • Germans march into the Rhineland

    Germans march into the Rhineland
    Germans march into the Rhineland which had been demilitarized according to treaty.
  • Ethiopia occupied by Italy.

    Ethiopia occupied by Italy.
  • Himmler appointed Chief of German police.

    Himmler appointed Chief of German police.
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
    Germans and Italians join Franco's forces in Spanish Civil War
  • Hitler and Mussoloni form Rome-Berlin Axis.

    Hitler and Mussoloni form Rome-Berlin Axis.
  • Buchenwald concentration camp opens.

    Buchenwald concentration camp opens.
  • Anschluss:

    Anschluss:
    annexation of Austria by Germany; all German anto-Semetic decrees immediately applied in Austria.
  • Jews in Reich must register all property with authorities.

    Jews in Reich must register all property with authorities.
  • Office of Jewish Emigration

    Office of Jewish Emigration
    Adolf Eichaman established Office of Jewish Emigration to speed up pace of forced emigration.
  • Name changes revoked

    Name changes revoked
    Decrees revoke all name changes by Jews and force those Jews who did not have names recognized as Jewish by German authorities to add "Israel" (for males) and "sarah" (for females) as middle names.
  • Munich Confrence

    Munich Confrence
    England and France aggree to turn over Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) to germany.
  • Jewish passports marked,

    Jewish passports marked,
    Following requests by the Swiss authorities, Germans order all jews' passports marked with a large red "J" to prevent Jews from smuggling themselves into the Switzerland.
  • Jews expelled

    Jews expelled
    Jews with Polosh citizenship living in Germany are expelled to Polish border> poles refuse to admit them. Germans refuse to allow them back into Germany. - 17,000 stranded in frontier town of Zbasyn
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) : anti-Jewish pogrom in Germany and Austria. Two hundred synagogues destroyed. 7,500 Jewish shops looted and 30,000 male Jews sent to concentration camps. (Dachau, Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen).
  • Business Transfers

    Business Transfers
    Decree forcing all Jews to transfer retail businesses to Aryan hands.
  • All Jewish pupils expelled from German schools.

    All Jewish pupils expelled from German schools.
  • Reichstag speech

    Reichstag speech
    Hitler threatens in Reichstag speech that if war erupts it will mean the Vernichtung (extermination) of European Jews.
  • Nazis occupy part of Czechoslovakia

    Nazis occupy part of Czechoslovakia
    Nazis occupy part of Czechoslovakia (Bohemia and Moravia) ; make Slovakia independant satellite state.
  • Germans occupy port of Memel

    Germans occupy port of Memel
  • Molotov-Ribbentrop Pack Signed:

    Molotov-Ribbentrop Pack Signed:
    Molotov-Ribbentrop Pack Signed: nonagression pact between Russia and Germany.
  • Beginning of World War II:

    Beginning of World War II:
    Beginning of World War II: Germany invades Poland.
  • Russia invades Eastern Poland

    Russia invades Eastern Poland
  • Ghettos established

    Ghettos established
    Heydrich issues directives to establish ghettos in German-occupied Poland.
  • Jews forced to wear distinguishing badge

    Jews forced to wear distinguishing badge
    Jews in German-occupied Poland forced to wear distinguishing badge.
  • Firts Polish Ghetto

    Firts Polish Ghetto
    First ghetto in Poland established in Protrokow.
  • Germans occupy Denmark and Southern Norway.

    Germans occupy Denmark and Southern Norway.
  • Concentration Camp at Auschwitz,

    Concentration Camp at Auschwitz,
    Himmler Issues directive to establish a concentration camp at Auschwitz.
  • Lodz ghetto closed off:

    Lodz ghetto closed off:
    Lodz ghetto closed off: approximately 165,000 inhabitants in 1.6 square miles.
  • Germany invades Holland, Belgium, and France.

    Germany invades Holland, Belgium, and France.
  • Concentration camp established at Auschwitz

    Concentration camp established at Auschwitz
  • France surrenders to Nazis

    France surrenders to Nazis
  • Battle of Britain begins

    Battle of Britain begins
  • Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.

    Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.
  • Warsaw Ghetto sealed off...

    Warsaw Ghetto sealed off...
    Approximatately 500,000 inhabitants.
  • Hungary, Rumania, and Slovakia join Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.

    Hungary, Rumania, and Slovakia join Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.
  • Anti-Jewish Riots in Rumania

    Anti-Jewish Riots in Rumania
    Anti-Jewish Riots in Rumania by Iron Guard: hundreds of JEws cruelly buthchered.
  • Adolf Eichmann appointed head of Gestapo section for Jewish affairs

    Adolf Eichmann appointed head of Gestapo section for Jewish affairs
  • Germany occupies Greece and Yugolsavia

    Germany occupies Greece and Yugolsavia
  • Vichey government makes laws

    Vichey government makes laws
    Vichey government deprives Jews of French North Africa of their rights as citizens.
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union.

    Germany invades the Soviet Union.
  • Nazi Einsatzgruppen

    Nazi Einsatzgruppen
    Nazi Einsatzgruppen (special mobile killing units) carry out mass murder of Jews in areas of Soviet Union occupied by German army.
  • Heydrich appointed

    Heydrich appointed
    Heydrich appointed by Goering as responsible for implementation of Final Solution.
  • Jews and the yellow star

    Jews and the yellow star
    Jews in the Third Reich obligated to wear yellow star of David as distinguished mark.
  • Massacre at Babi Yar

    Massacre at Babi Yar
    Massacre of Jews at Babi Yar - ravine outside of Kiev: 34,000 murdered
  • Establishment of Birkenau:

    Establishment of Birkenau:
    Establishment of Birkenau camp: site of mass extermination of Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Russians, and others.
  • Murder of 19,000 Jews in Odessa

    Murder of 19,000 Jews in Odessa
  • Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

    Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Chelmo extermination,

    Chelmo extermination,
    Chelmo extermination camp begins operation: 340,000 Jews, 20,000 Poles and Czechs liquidated there by April 1943
  • Jewish underground formed:

    Jewish underground formed:
    Jewish underground organizations established in Vilna Ghetto and Kovno Ghetto.
  • Wannsee Conference

    Wannsee Conference
    Wannsee Conference: Heydrich reveals official plan to murder all Jews on European continent.
  • Extermination by gas

    Extermination by gas
    Extermination by gas begins in Sobibor Extermination camp: by October 1943 250,000 Jews murdered.
  • Belzec extermination camp

    Belzec extermination camp
    Extermination begins in Belzec extermination camp: by end of 1942 600,000 Jews murdered.
  • Deportations to Auschwitz extermination camp begins.

    Deportations to Auschwitz extermination camp begins.
  • Treblinka exterminations begin

    Treblinka exterminations begin
    Treblinka extermination camp begins operation by August 1943- 700,000 Jews murdered
  • Jewish partisans

    Jewish partisans
    Jewish partisan unit established in forests of Belorussia.
  • All Jewish schools in Germany closed.

    All Jewish schools in Germany closed.
  • Deprtation of Jews

    Deprtation of Jews
    Deprtation of Jews to from Holland, Poland, France, Belgium, Croatia. Armed resistance by jews in ghettos of Kletzk, Wieswiez, Mir, Lackwa, Krements, and Tuchin.
  • Jewish fighting organization

    Jewish fighting organization
    Jewish fighting organization (ZOB) established in Warsaw Ghetto.
  • Allied forces land in North Africa.

    Allied forces land in North Africa.
  • Deportation of Jews from Norway...

    Deportation of Jews from Norway...
    Deportation of Jews from Norway, Germany, and Greece to extermination camps. Jewish partisan movment organized in forests near Lublin.
  • Germans attmept to liquidate Warsaw Ghetto

    Germans attmept to liquidate Warsaw Ghetto
    Germans attmept to liquidate Jews in Warsaw Ghetto; armed resistance by ghetto inhabitants.
  • German advance in Russia stopped at Stalingrad.

    German advance in Russia stopped at Stalingrad.
  • Liquidation of Cracow ghetto.

    Liquidation of Cracow ghetto.
  • Warsaw ghetto revolt

    Warsaw ghetto revolt
    Warsaw ghetto revolt begins as Germans attempt to liquidate 70,000 ghetto inhabitants; Jewish underground fights Nazis until early June.
  • Himler orders liquidation

    Himler orders liquidation
    Himler orders the liquidation of all the ghettos in Poland and the Soviet Union.
  • Armed resistence

    Armed resistence
    Armed resistence by Jews in Czetoschowa, Lvov, Bedzin, Bialystock, and Tarnow ghettos
  • Armed revolt inTreblinka extermination camp.

    Armed revolt inTreblinka extermination camp.
  • Liquidation of large ghettos

    Liquidation of large ghettos
    Liquidation of large ghettos. Minck, Vilna, Riga.
  • Armed revolt in Sobibor extermination camp.

    Armed revolt in Sobibor extermination camp.
  • Germany occupies Hungary

    Germany occupies Hungary
  • Red Army repels Nazi forces

    Red Army repels Nazi forces
  • Nazis continue deportation

    Nazis continue deportation
    Nazis begin deporting Hungarian Jews. By June 27, 38,000 sent to Auschwitz.
  • Allied invasion of Normandy

    Allied invasion of Normandy
  • Assasination attempt on Hitler

    Assasination attempt on Hitler
    Group of German officers attempts to assassinate Hitler
  • Russian liberation

    Russian liberation
    Russians liberate Maidanek extermination camps.
  • Liquidation of ghettos

    Liquidation of ghettos
    Liquidation of ghettos in Kovino (Kaunas), Shavli (Siauliai), and Lodz; inmates sent to concentration and extermination camps.
  • Revolt by inmates in Auschwitz.

    Revolt by inmates in Auschwitz.
    Revolt by inmates in Auschwitz; one crematorium blown up.
  • Remnants of Slovakian Jews deported to Auschwitz.

    Remnants of Slovakian Jews deported to Auschwitz.
  • Last deportations.

    Last deportations.
    Last Jews deported from Theresienstadt model ghetto to Auschwitz.
  • Death March

    Death March
    Begining of death march of approximately 40,000 Jews from Budapest to Austria.
  • Evacuation of Auschwitz

    Evacuation of Auschwitz
    Evacuation of Auschwitz: begining of death march of camp inmates.
  • Begining of death march of inmates of Stutthof.

    Begining of death march of inmates of Stutthof.
  • Red Army enters Germany,

    Red Army enters Germany,
    Red Army enters Germany from east; allies enter from west.
  • Death march of inmates at Buchenwald.

    Death march of inmates at Buchenwald.
  • Hitler commits suicide.

    Hitler commits suicide.
  • Germany surrenders; end of Third Reich

    Germany surrenders; end of Third Reich