World War II

  • Period: to

    World War

  • Rise of Hitler

    Rise of Hitler
    Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
  • Dachau

    first concentration camp
  • non-Aryan decree

    non-Aryan decree
    Nazis issue a decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents. One parent or grandparent classifies the descendant as non-Aryan...especially if one parent or grandparent was of the Jewish faith."
  • Boycotts

    Boycotts against Jews begin
  • Hitler's speech

    Hitler's speech
    Hitler gave speech concerning the violation of the Treaty of Versailles
  • the beginning of jewish prejudice

    the beginning of jewish prejudice
    jews were banned from german labor front
  • Night of Long Knives

    Night of Long Knives
    The Night of Long Knives occurs as Hitler, Göring and Himmler conduct a purge of the SA (storm trooper) leadership
  • Hitler's self proclaim

    Hitler's self proclaim
    Hitler proclaims himself Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Reich Chancellor). Armed forces must now swear allegiance to him.
  • Nuremberg

    Anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws passed by Reichstag; Jews lose citizenship and civil rights
  • race laws

    race laws
    Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews decreed.
  • Fascists

    Fascist army officers tried to overthrow the government
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
    The start of the Spanish Civil War between Fascists and Loyalists
  • olympic games

    olympic games
    Olympic games begin in Berlin. Hitler and top Nazis seek to gain legitimacy through favorable public opinion from foreign visitors and thus temporarily refrain from actions against Jews.
  • anti homosexuality

    anti homosexuality
    Nazis set up an Office for Combating Homosexuality and Abortions (by healthy women).
  • banning of occupations

    banning of occupations
    Jews are banned from many professional occupations including teaching Germans, and from being accountants or dentists. They are also denied tax reductions and child allowances.
  • War

    A war broke out between China and Japan
  • Nanjing

    Japanese troops brutally assaulted and occupied the Chinese city of Nanjing
  • Buchenwald

    Buchenwald concentration camp opens
  • F.D.R

    became convinced the U.S hould assist in the quarantine of warring nations
  • Kristallnacht

    the night of broken glass
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    At the Munich Conference, Germany was given control of the Sudetenland. Extension of anti-Semitic laws to Austria after annexation
  • Jewish genocide

    Jewish genocide
    26,000 Jews sent to concentration camps; Jewish children expelled from schools
  • Joseph Stalin

    Joseph Stalin
    signed nonagression pact with Hitler
  • The start

    The start
    Germany invaded Poland without warning
  • Germany

    German bombers and armored divisions moved into Poland
  • War on Germany

    War on Germany
    Allied Powers declared war on Germany
  • Einsatzgruppen

    Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing squads) follow German army into conquered lands, rounding up and massacring Jews and other “undesirables.”
  • German attacks

    German attacks
    Germans attacked around the Maginot Line
  • Churchill

    Winston Churchill became prime minister
  • Italian warfare

    Italian warfare
    Italy declared war on France and Britain
  • Nazi Power

    Nazi Power
    German submarines turned the North Atlantic into a grave yeard of ships which started The Battle of the Atlantic. The genocyde stages of the Holocaust began and concentration camps came into power
  • Japan

    Japanese troops occupied French Indochina and the pearl harbor attack commenced
  • Heydrich

    Goering instructs Heydrich to carry out the “final solution to the Jewish question
  • Massacre

    Deportation of German Jews begins; massacres of Jews in Odessa and Kiev (and in Riga and Vilna
  • Auschwitz

    Mass killings using Zyklon-B begin at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Wannsee Conference

    Wannsee Conference
    Nazi leaders attend Wannsee Conference to coordinate the “final solution”
  • WPB

    F.D.R created the War Production Board to increase military prodution
  • liquidation

    Nazis liquidate Lidice in retaliation for Heydrich's death.
  • Treblinka

    100,000 Jews from Warsaw Ghetto deported to Treblinka death camp
  • Warsaw

    Warsaw Ghetto uprisings
  • War contracts

    War contracts
    Executive order requiring nondiscrimination clauses in all war contracts
  • Mobilization

    The office of mobilization coordinated all government agencies involved in war effort
  • Ghetto

    Ghetto exterminated
  • Danish Underground

    Danish Underground
    The Danish Underground helps transport 7,220 Danish Jews to safety in Sweden by sea.
  • Fate of the Jewish race

    Fate of the Jewish race
    Diary entry by Hans Frank, Gauleiter of Poland, concerning the fate of 2.5 million Jews originally under his jurisdiction - "At the present time we still have in the General Government perhaps 100,000 Jews."
  • Hungarian

    476,000 Hungarian Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • Freedom?

    Soviet Army liberates Maidanek death camp. Nazis try to hide evidence of death camps
  • Truman

    This UN charter points down the only road to enduring peace. There is no other
  • 1945-1952

    The U.S. occupied and defeated Japan
  • Allies advancement

    Allies advancement
    As Allies advance, Nazis force concentration camp inmates on death marches. Americans liberate Buchenwald and British liberate Bergen-Belsen camps
  • Beginning of the UN

    Beginning of the UN
    delegates from 50 nations net in San Francisco to draw up the Charter of the United Nations
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    marked the first time President Truman had met with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin since President Roosevelt's death
  • United Nations came to power

    United Nations came to power
    The UN officially came into existence
  • Trial

    Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
  • Zionism

    After World War II, thousands of European Jews made their way to Palestine