Genocides of the 20th and 21st Centuries

  • Period: to

    Genoicides of the 20th Century

  • World War I 1914-1918

    World War I 1914-1918
    http://gun-guns-gunz.blogspot.com/2011/05/weapons-used-in-world-war-1.html Started 1914 because of the assassination of Bosnian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The war started on the August 4 1914 and ended November 11 1918. The Triple Entente (France, Russia, Great Britain) and the Central Powers (Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Italy) were the major sides in the war, the Triple Entente was also supported by the Allies. After the Treaty of Versailles resulted in the creation of new countries.
  • Armenian Genocide 1915-1918

    Armenian Genocide 1915-1918
    http://espressostalinist.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/armenian_genocide1.jpg The Ottoman empire began the extermination of the Armenian people in 1915, resulting in the forced expulsion from Armenia and Anatolia into Syria. Because of WWI, the slaughter of 1.5 million Armenians was overshadowed. Most Turks still refuse to acknowledge this as a genocide.
  • Belgium Takes Control of Rwanda

    When Belgium took control, they allied with the Rwandan court, allowing it to conquer the remaining autonomous kingdoms along its borders and racializing the system of minority Tutsi dominance created under Rwabugiri.
  • China's Communist Party is Formed

    Mao helps to form the Chinese Communist Party or the CCP.
  • The Great Depression 1930-1941

    The Great Depression 1930-1941
    http://danielamedina-depression.blogspot.com/2010/12/stock-market-crash-black-tuesday.html Longest and most severe recession in American history. Happened because of the stock market crash on Black Tuesday. Largest percentage of unemployment during this time.
  • Stalin's USSR 1931-1939

    Stalin's USSR 1931-1939
    http://www.moonbattery.com/archives/2007/08/swedish_moonbat.html The period known as "Great Terror" was when Stalin sent all his political enemies to exile in Siberia or put to death. 1939-39 he put on the Moscow Show Trials where he tried all his old political opponents publicly. 1939, Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact to prevent conflict between the Soviets and Nazi Germany.
  • The Holodomor 1932-1933

    The Holodomor 1932-1933
    http://www.ukraine.be/belgium/en/publication/content/15721.htm "Death by Hunger" was a man made famine in the Ukraine from 1932-1933. Estimated loses are anywhere between 2 and 7 million ethnic Ukranians dead as a result of starvation.
  • Rwandan Census Begins

    The Belgiums in charge organize a census to gather information about the Rwandan population. They then issue identification cards that state the persons race (Hutu, Tutsi)
  • The Holocaust 1933-1945

    The Holocaust 1933-1945
    http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Europe/Poland/East/Malopolskie/Oswiecim/photo276235.htm When Adolf Hitler became leader of Germany, his idea was to rid Europe of the "vermin" Jews. He created concentration camps, and forced death marches, formed the SS and Einsatzgruppen to totally exterminate the Jews. He blamed the Jews for all problems that Germans were facing. He brought in the "Final Solution" which was the systematic extermination of the Jewish race.6 million Jews died in this period.
  • Hitler Becomes Chancellor

    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany and the Nazis become main political paryt power in the country.
  • Concentration Camp Dachau is Opened

  • Hitler Becomes Germany's Führer

    German President von Hindenburg dies, Hitler is named Führer.
  • Nuremburg Laws

    These laws deprived German Jews of their rights of citizenship, giving them the status of "subjects" in Hitler's Reich. The first two laws were: "The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor" (regarding Jewish marriage) and "The Reich Citizenship Law" (designating Jews as subjects).
  • Rape of Nanking 1937-1938

    Rape of Nanking 1937-1938
    http://www.nanking-massacre.com/Nanking_Massacre_Photo_Group_One.html
    The mass murder and rape that occured in a 6 week period in Nanking, China. The imperial Japanese army killed hundreds of thousands of civilians and disarmed soldiers. They also raped between 20 000-80 000 women. Accurate records are unavailable because most were destroyed or kept secret after the Japanese surrender in 1945.
  • Kristallnacht

    "The Night of Broken Glass" was the attack on Jews as the German reaction to when a 17 year old Jewish man shot and killed a member of the German Embassy.
  • World War II 1939-1945

    World War II 1939-1945
    http://www.lonesentry.com/unithistory/23rd-infantry/index.html
    WWII begins when Germany invades Poland. The sides, the Allies ( Britain, France, Americas) vs the Axis (Germany, Italy, Japan). Its the deadliest conflict in all history, resulting in 50-70 million casualties. The Holocaust occured during this time, as did the first use of nuclear weapons on Japan by the USA.
  • SS leader Reinhard Heydrich Moves Jews into Ghettos in Poland

    Heydrich issues instructions to SS Einsatzgruppen in Poland regarding treatment of Jews, giving orders that they are to be gathered into ghettos near railroads. He also orders a census and the establishment of Jewish councils within the ghettos to implement Nazi policies.
  • Jews over 10 must wear the Yellow Stars on their backs for identification.

  • "Genocide"

    Raphael Lemkin, living in Washington, DC coined the term "genocide".
  • D-Day

    Allied landings in Normandy on the coast of northern France.
  • Mao Zedong Takes Control of Mainland China

  • "The Great Leap Forward" Mao's China

    "The Great Leap Forward" Mao's China
    78 000 000 people over several periods; China in 1958-1961, 1966-1969 and Tibet in 1949-1950. Mao wanted to stamp out capitalism and insert communism. Mao’s opponents were persecuted, lost their positions, and were sent to reeducation camps. An unspecified number of victims died or suffered permanent damage to their health from forced labor, abuse, and malnutrition there.
  • Cambodian Genocide 1975-1979

    Cambodian Genocide 1975-1979
    http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/33d/projects/genocides/cambodia/CambodianGenocideMain.htm Pol Pot, leader of Khmer Rouge, attempts to rid Cambodia of the educated, the wealthy, Buddhist monks, and former government officials. Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot, was also murdered. This resulted in 2 million deaths. The three ethnic groups that made up majorities were also attacked. They included the Chinese, Vietnamese and Cham Muslims.
  • Iraq; Saddam Hussein (1986-89) The al-Anfal Campaign

    Iraq; Saddam Hussein (1986-89) The al-Anfal Campaign
    http://www.ihatethemedia.com/iraqis-bury-victims-of-saddam-hussein-genocide-american-media-yawns The al-Anfal Campaign was when Saddam Husseins administration called for the extermination of the Kurds living in northern Iraq. In the Kurdish regions, around 182 000 people were murdered through the use of chemical warfare.
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992-1995

    Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992-1995
    http://worldnews.about.com/od/theunitednations/ig/The-Bosnian-Genocide/Grisly-Remains.htm The attempt to rid Bosnia-Herzegovina of all Bosnian Muslims and Croats. Under Serb leader Slobodan Milosevich, hundreds of thousands in Bosnia were killed, raped, and confined in concentration camps. Despite the dispatch of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping troops, the international community was unable to halt the genocide.
  • Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana Dies

    President Juvénal Habyarimana is killed when his plane is shot out of the sky.
  • Rwanda 1994

    Rwanda 1994
    http://media.photobucket.com/image/RWANDAgenocide/rwandagenocide/Rwanda Genocide/th_RwandaGenocide.jpg A million people are murdered within one hundred days.
  • Massacre at Gikondo

    Hundreds of Tutsis are killed in the Pallottine Missionary Catholic Church. Since the Tutsis were clearly targeted, the Gikondo massacre was the first clear sign that a genocide was occurring.
  • The Darfur Genocide

    The Darfur Genocide
    This genocide has already claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of Darfuris and displaced over 2 million more. It began in 2003 when two rebel groups [the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)] revolted against the Sudanese government. The Janjaweed is created to attack, as they are the main ground offensive group.