Holocaust Timeline 1928-1945

  • Nazi Party Elections

    The Nazi party did poorly in Reichstag elections winning only 2.6% of the total vote.
  • Period: to

    Holocaust Timeline

  • Depression Starts

    The great depression brought worldwide economic, social, and psychological consequences
  • Nazi Party Second Elections

    In September 1930, there were new elections. The Nazi Party won an important victory, capturing 18.3% of the vote to make it the second largest party in the Reichstag.
  • Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany a nation with a Jewish population of 566,000.
  • SA and SS men were sent in

    40,000 SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police
  • Nazi's pass a law against habitual and dangerous criminals

    this law allows beggars, the homeless, alcoholics and the unemployed to be sent to concentration camps.
  • German President Dies..

    German President von Hindenburg dies. Hitler becomes Führer.
  • HItlers Votes recieve and outstanding number

    Hitler receives a 90 percent 'Yes' vote from German voters approving his new powers.
  • Jews are banned from many professional occupations

    Jews are banned from many professional occupations including teaching Germans, and from being accountants or dentists. They are also denied tax reductions and child allowances.
  • Nazi troops enter Austrailia

    Nazi troops enter Austria, which has a population of 200,000 Jews, mainly living in Vienna. Hitler announces Anschluss (union) with Austria.
  • Evian France

    At Evian, France, the U.S. convenes a League of Nations conference with delegates from 32 countries to consider helping Jews fleeing Hitler, but results in inaction as no country will accept them.
  • Nazi's Arrest Jews of Polish nationality

    Nazis arrest 17,000 Jews of Polish nationality living in Germany, then expel them back to Poland which refuses them entry, leaving them in 'No-Man's Land' near the Polish border for several months.
  • Nazi troops sieze Czechoslovakia

    Nazi troops seize Czechoslovakia (Jewish pop. 350,000).
  • Slovakia passes it's own laws

    Slovakia passes its own version of the Nuremberg Laws.
  • Nazi's invade France

    Nazis invade France (Jewish pop. 350,000), Belgium (Jewish pop. 65,000), Holland (Jewish pop. 140,000), and Luxembourg (Jewish pop. 3,500).
  • Nazis invade Romania

    Nazis invade Romania (Jewish pop. 34,000).
  • Nazis get allies

    Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia become Nazi Allies
  • Nazis invade Yugoslavia

    Nazis invade Yugoslavia (Jewish pop. 75,000) and Greece (Jewish pop. 77,000).
  • Jews are arrested in Paris

    3,600 Jews arrested in Paris.
  • Nazis invade Russia

    Nazis invade Russia (Jewish pop. 3 million)
  • Hitler declares war on US

    Hitler declares war on the United States. President Roosevelt then asks Congress for a declaration of war on Germany saying, "Never before has there been a greater challenge to life, liberty and civilization." The U.S.A. then enters the war in Europe and will concentrate nearly 90 percent of its military resources to defeat Hitler.
  • The Bermuda Conference

    The Bermuda Conference occurs as representatives from the United States and Britain discuss the problem of refugees from Nazi-occupied countries, but results in inaction concerning the plight of the Jews.
  • Massive escape form Sobibor

    Massive escape from Sobibor as Jews and Soviet POWs break out, with 300 making it safely into nearby woods. Of those 300, fifty will survive. Exterminations then cease at Sobibor, after over 250,000 deaths. All traces of the death camp are then removed and trees are planted.
  • Auschwitz

    Jews from Hungary arrive at Auschwitz. Eichmann arrives to personally oversee and speed up the extermination process. By May 24, an estimated 100,000 have been gassed. Between May 16 and May 31, the SS report collecting 88 pounds of gold and white metal from the teeth of those gassed. By the end of June, 381,661 persons - half of the Jews in Hungary - arrive at Auschwitz.
  • Russian troops liberate Auschwitz

    Russian troops liberate Auschwitz. By this time, an estimated 2,000,000 persons, including 1,500,000 Jews, have been murdered there.
  • Americans free inmates

    Americans free 33,000 inmates from concentration camps.