The Holocaust

  • The Terror Begins(1933-1939)

    The Terror Begins(1933-1939)
    Communists, Socialists, and other political opponents
    of the Nazis were among the first to be rounded up and
    imprisoned by the regime.
  • Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor

    Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor
  • Jewish Boycott

    Jewish Boycott
    The Nazis initiated a boycott of
    Jewish shops and businesses on
    across Germany. Many Germans continued to enter
    the Jewish stores despite the
    boycott, and it was called off after
    24 hours. In the subsequent weeks
    and months more discriminatory
    measures against Jews followed
    and remained in effect.
  • Enemies of the State(1933-1935)

    Enemies of the State(1933-1935)
    Although Jews were their primary targets, the Nazis
    also persecuted Roma (Gypsies), persons with mental
    and physical disabilities, and Poles for racial, ethnic, gay people, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Soviet prisoners of war, and political
    dissidents suffered oppression and death.
  • Nazi Race Laws

    Nazi Race Laws
    restricted future German citizenship to those
    of “German or kindred blood,” and excluded those
    deemed to be “racially” Jewish or Roma (Gypsy).The laws prohibited marriage and sexual
    relationships between Jews and non-Jews.
  • Search for Refuge

    Search for Refuge
    Following the incorporation of
    Austria by Nazi Germany and the unleashing
    of a wave of humiliation, terror,
    and confiscation, many Austrian
    Jews attempted to leave the
  • American responses

    American responses
    the passenger ship St. Louis—seen here
    before departing Hamburg—sailed from Germany to
    Cuba carried 937 passengers, most of them Jews. Unknown to the passengers, the Cuban government had revoked their landing certificates. After the U.S. government denied permission for the
    passengers to enter the United States, St. Louis
    returned to Europe. Some 250 of the refugees would
    later be killed in the Holocaust.
  • The War Begins

    The War Begins
    Sections of Warsaw lay in ruins following the invasion
    and conquest of Poland by the German military begun
    that propelled Europe into World War II. For most of the next two years, German forces occupied or controlled much of continental Europe.By the end of 1942, however, the Allies were on the
    offensive and ultimately drove back the German forces. The war in Europe ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany in May 1945.