• Hitler Elected Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler Elected Chancellor of Germany
    HitlerVideo On the evening of Jan. 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler, the newly appointed Chancellor of Germany, stood in a government building at an open window watching a torchlight parade of 25,000 Nazi troops march through the streets of Berlin. Thousands of Germans cheered as they marched by, and Hitler was giddy with delight. "No power on Earth will get me out of here alive," someone heard him say.
  • First Concentration opened

    First Concentration opened
    First Concentration Camp
    Established in March 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazis in Germany. The camp was located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 10 miles northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.
  • Jewish Shops Boycotted

    Jewish Shops Boycotted
    Jewish BoycotteGermans were told not to buy from Jewish shops
    or businesses. On April 1, 1933, a week after Hitler
    became dictator of Germany, he ordered a boycott of
    Jewish shops, banks, offices and department stores. But
    the boycott was mostly ignored by German shoppers
    and was called off after three days. However, the
    unsuccessful boycott was followed by a rapid series of
    laws which robbed the Jews of many rights.
  • Period: to

    Hitlers NewPowers

    Hitlers New PowerOnce Hindenburg died, and the title of president was
    abolished. Hitler’s title became Fuehrer and Reich
    Chancellor. Not surprisingly, he used the initial fouryear
    “temporary” grant of emergency powers that had
    been given to him by the Enabling Act to consolidate his
    omnipotent control over the entire country.
  • Numberg Laws

    Numberg Laws
    Numberg Laws
    A conference of ministers was held to discuss the economic effects of Party actions against Jews. Dr. Schacht, the Economics Minister, criticized arbitrary behavior by Party members as this inhibited his policy of rebuilding Germany's economy. It made no economic sense since Jews had certain entrepreneurial skills that could be usefully employed to further his policies. Schacht made no moral condemnation of Jewish policy and advocated the passing of legislation to clarify the situation.
  • Munich Synagogue Destroyed

    Munich Synagogue Destroyed
    Synagogue DestroyedThe Jewish synagogue in Munich was destroyed.
    The demolition began on June 9; only a few days later the
    liberal synagogue in the Herzog-Max-Straße, erected in 1887,
    was completely destroyed. With this event, the last chapter of
    the Nazi persecution began: only a few months later in the
    Pogrom night, both smaller orthodox Munich synagogues,
    Ohel Jacob and Reichenbachstraße were destroyed, and
    shortly thereafter, the deportations to the death camps and
    the murder of most Munich Jews began.
  • Jewish Passports Stamped With J

    Jewish Passports Stamped With J
    Jewish J Passport VideoJ PassportsThe so called “Judenstempel” was stamped from the German
    Government in German passports since 1938. By this stamp
    i was made very easily to identify as jew. Depending on a
    country's immigration policy all jews might have not been
    allowed in a certain country
  • Kristallnacht

    KristallnachtOn this day in 1938, in an event that would foreshadow
    the Holocaust, German Nazis launch a campaign of terror
    against Jewish people and their homes and businesses
    in Germany and Austria. The violence, which continued
    through November 10 and was later dubbed "Kristallnacht,"
    or "Night of Broken Glass,"
  • Final Solution

    Final Solution
    Final Solution
    The Nazis frequently used euphemistic language to disguise the true nature of their crimes. They used the term “Final Solution” to refer to their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. It is not known when the leaders of Nazi Germany definitively decided to implement the "Final Solution." The genocide, or mass destruction, of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of increasingly severe discriminatory measures.
  • Gypsies Sent to Camps

    Gypsies Sent to Camps
    Gypsies Sent to CampsIn the first years after they came to power, the Nazis
    introduced a range of anti-Gypsy restrictions, including
    an obligation for them to register and submit to “racial
    examination”; later, they introduced limitations on freedom of
    movement. A commentary on the German race laws, issued
    in Nuremberg in September 1935, stated that the Gypsies
    were just as racially alien as the Jews, and therefore could
    not enjoy the rights of citizens of the Reich.
  • Period: to

    Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

    Warsaw Ghetto UprisingBetween July 22 and September 12, 1942, the German authorities deported or murdered around 300,000 Jews in the Warsaw ghetto. SS and police units deported 265,000 Jews to the Treblinka killing center and 11,580 to forced-labor camps. The Germans and their auxiliaries murdered more than 10,000 Jews in the Warsaw ghetto during the deportation operations. The German authorities granted only 35,000 Jews permission to remain in the ghetto, while more than 20,000 Jews remained in the ghetto in hiding.
  • Period: to

    Death Camps and Concentration Camps Closed

    Camps ClosedBy late 1944 and early 1945, the Nazi military force was
    collapsing, and Nazi troops were forced to retreat on all
    fronts. Although it was clear that Nazi Germany was facing
    defeat, thousands of concentration camp prisoners were still
    dying. The monstrous machinery of the final solution kept
    running until the last moment, although the extensive empire
    of Nazi concentration camps had already collapsed. The
    Nazis were already trying to cover over the traces of their
  • Auschwitz Chambers Used For The Last Time

    Auschwitz Chambers Used For The Last Time
    Auschwitz ChambersVideo
    At Auschwitz seven buildings existed which were used
    as gas chambers. In addition, two other sites were also
    used as gas chambers but only for a few gassing actions:
    the cellar of Block 11 in the Stammlager, where the first
    test gassings were carried out in August 1941, and a
    delousing barrack at the Main Economic Area near the
    Stammlager, called "Kanada I", where 200 members of the
    Sonderkommando were killed with "Zyklon B" gas on 23
    September 1944.
  • Death Marches

    Death Marches
    Death MarchesA massive Soviet 1944 summer offensive in eastern
    Belarus annihilated German Army Group Center and
    permitted Soviet forces to overrun the first of the major Nazi
    concentration camps, Lublin/Majdanek. Shortly after that
    offensive, SS chief Heinrich Himmler ordered that prisoners
    in all concentration camps and subcamps be evacuated
    toward the interior of the Reich
  • German Surrender

    German Surrender
    German SurrenderGeneral Alfred Jodl, Chief of the Operations Staff in the German High Command, signs the document of unconditional German surrender at General Eisenhower's Headquarters in Reims, France, May 7, 1945. On Jodl's left is Admiral Von Friedeburg of the German Navy, and on his right is Major Wilhelm Oxenius of the German General Staff