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  • Adolf Hitler

    Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany a nation with a Jewish population of 566,000.
  • auxiliary police

    40,000 SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police
  • Nazis

    Nazis burn Reichstag building to create crisis atmosphere
  • Emergency powers

    Emergency powers granted to Hitler as a result of the Reichstag fire
  • Concentration cam

    Nazis open Dachau concentration camp near Munich, to be followed by Buchenwald near Weimar in central Germany, Sachsenhausen near Berlin in northern Germany, and Ravensbrück for women.
  • Enabling Act

    German Parliament passes Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers
  • Jewish shops and businesses

    Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses
  • non-Aryan

    Nazis issue a Decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents. One parent or grandparent classifies the descendant as non-Aryan...especially if one parent or grandparent was of the Jewish faith.
  • Gestapo

    The Gestapo is born, created by Hermann Göring in the German state of Prussia.
  • Berlin

    Burning of books in Berlin and throughout Germany.
  • Nazi Party

    Nazi Party is declared the only legal party in Germany; Also, Nazis pass Law to strip Jewish immigrants from Poland of their German citizenship.
  • Reich Chamber

    Nazis establish Reich Chamber of Culture, then exclude Jews from the Arts
  • Jews

    Nazis prohibit Jews from owning land.
  • Newspaper editors

    Jews are prohibited from being newspaper editors.
  • Pass a law

    Nazis pass a Law against Habitual and Dangerous Criminals, which allows beggars, the homeless, alcoholics and the unemployed to be sent to concentration camps.
  • Labor Front

    Jews are banned from the German Labor Front
  • No Health Insurance

    Jews not allowed national health insurance.
  • Night of Long Knives

    The Night of Long Knives occurs as Hitler, Göring and Himmler conduct a purge of the SA (storm trooper) leadership.
  • The SS

    The SS (Schutzstaffel) is made an independent organization from the SA.
  • Legal Qualifications

    Jews are prohibited from getting legal qualifications.
  • German President

    German President von Hindenburg dies. Hitler becomes Führer
  • Votes are yes

    Hitler receives a 90 percent 'Yes' vote from German voters approving his new powers.
  • Military

    Nazis ban Jews from serving in the military.
  • Ban Jews

    Nazis ban Jews from serving in the military.
  • Law passes

    Nazis pass law allowing forced abortions on women to prevent them from passing on hereditary diseases.
  • Jewish cultural unions

    Nazis force Jewish performers/artists to join Jewish Cultural Unions.
  • Jews Decreed

    Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews decreed
  • German Gestapo

    The German Gestapo is placed above the law.
  • concentration camps

    SS Deathshead division is established to guard concentration camps
  • Rhineland

    Nazis occupy the Rhineland.
  • German police

    Heinrich Himmler is appointed chief of the German Police.
  • Olympic games

    Olympic games begin in Berlin. Hitler and top Nazis seek to gain legitimacy through favorable public opinion from foreign visitors and thus temporarily refrain from actions against Jews.
  • homosexuality

    Nazis set up an Office for Combating Homosexuality and Abortions (by healthy women).
  • Jews are banned

    Jews are banned from many professional occupations including teaching Germans, and from being accountants or dentists. They are also denied tax reductions and child allowances.
  • Munich

    'Eternal Jew' travelling exhibition opens in Munich
  • Austria

    Nazi troops enter Austria, which has a population of 200,000 Jews, mainly living in Vienna. Hitler announces Anschluss (union) with Austria.
  • Adolf Eichmann

    After the Anschluss, the SS is placed in charge of Jewish affairs in Austria with Adolf Eichmann establishing an Office for Jewish Emigration in Vienna. Himmler then establishes Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz.
  • Jewish business

    Nazis prohibit Aryan 'front-ownership' of Jewish businesses
  • Left Auschwitz

    • SS begins cashing in possessions and valuables of Jews from Auschwitz and Majdanek. German banknotes are sent to the Reichs Bank. Foreign currency, gold, jewels and other valuables are sent to SS Headquarters of the Economic Administration. Watches, clocks and pens are distributed to troops at the front. Clothing is distributed to German families. By February 1943, over 800 boxcars of confiscated goods will have left Auschwitz.