300,000 Jews in thirty-three communities within Austria,
with 200,000 living in Vienna
Treaty of St. Germain
guaranteed the jews minority rights.
Birth of Emmalina
Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
Nuremberg Laws passed
Hitler declares that all gypsys are bad
Hitler appoints Reichsführer-SS (SS chief) Heinrich Himmler Chief of German Police.
The SS establishes the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Oranienburg, located to the north of Berlin, Germany. By September, German authorities have imprisoned about 1,000 people in the camp.
German authorities implement mass arrests of Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany. Most are sent to concentration camps.
2000 prisoners taken to concentration camps*
*through March 9, 1937
German Criminal Police officials round up approximately 2,000 convicted offenders and incarcerate them in concentration camps. This is the first mass roundup of persons not deemed to be political opponents for incarceration in concentration camps.
Nazi Propaganda exhibit opens in Munich
Der Ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew), a Nazi propaganda exhibition, opens in Munich.
Decree states that Gypsies are "inveterate criminals"
Hitler gave instructions for the deportation of 27,000 Viennese Jews
Lodz Ghetto (Oct. - Nov.)
5,486 Jews were deported to the Lodz Ghetto. 40,000 Austrian Jews remained
8,000 Jews were arrested, and 5,000 of them sent to Dachau, In Vienna alone, forty-two synagogues were burned and 4,038 Jewish shops were looted. During the first four months of the war, 11,240 Jews succeeded in immigrating to neutral countries.
Nuremberg Laws apply to Austria
3,000 Austrian Jews were deporte
At the end of 1941, 3,000 Austrian Jews were deported to the ghettos of Riga, Minsk, and Kovno.
Summer of 1943
In the summer of 1943, there were approximately 800 Jews left in Vienna, but they had gone underground and were secretly hidden by members of the community.
Between June and October 1942, 13,900 people were deported to Theresienstadt.
Prisoners from Mauthausen
Starting in 1943, prisoners were also allocated to the armaments industry, with prisoners from Mauthausen working in almost all the larger arms factories in Austria.