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History Timeline

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills that were passed by the Federalists in the 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798, the result of the French Revolution and during an undeclared naval war with France, later known as the Quasi-War.
  • Delaware

    Delaware
    Delaware became a state
  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania
    Pennsylvania became a state
  • New Jersey

    New Jersey
    New Jersey became a state
  • Georgia

    Georgia
    Georgia became a state
  • Connecticut

    Connecticut
    Connecticut became a state
  • Massachusetts

    Massachusetts
    Massachusetts became a state
  • Maryland

    Maryland
    Maryland became a state
  • South Carolina

    South Carolina
    South Carolina becme a state.
  • New Hampshire

    New Hampshire
    New Hampshire became a state
  • Virginia

    Virginia
    Virginia became a state
  • New York

    New York
    New York became a state
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    George Washington

    George Washington became the first president of the United States of America
    Washington voluntarily resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in 1783. Because of his victories in the Revolutionary War, some wanted to make him king of the new nation. But Washington refused. He wanted a free, democratic and united country.
    George Washington helped America through the Revolutionary War, and win it.
  • North Carolina

    North Carolina
    North Carolina became a state
  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island
    Rhode Island became a state
  • Vermont

    Vermont
    Vermont became a state
  • Kentucky

    Kentucky
    Kentucky became a state
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    Horace Mann’s Campaign For Free Compulsory Public Education

    The zeal with which Mann executed his plan for free schools was in keeping with the intellectual climate of Boston in the early days of the republic.
  • Tennessee

    Tennessee
    Tennessee became a state
  • Washington's Farewell Address

    Washington's Farewell Address
    George Washington's Farewell Address is a letter written by the first American President, George Washington, to "The People of the United States of America"
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    Sojourner Truth

    *Sojourner Truth is sold to Martinus Schryver in 1808
    *she escapes her owner in 1826
    *Sojourner is so influenced by the abolitionists that she meets, she devotes her life to ending slavery in 1846
    *October 1851 Sojourner Truth gives her famous "Ain't I a Woman" speech.
    Now a supporter of women's rights, Sojourner attends the first Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. She gives a very popular speech that has come to be known as "Ain't I a Woman,"
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    John Adams

    John Adams, served as the second president of the United States after serving as the first vice president under George Washington.
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    John Brown & The Armed Resistance

    Was a white American who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. During the 1856 conflict in Kansas, Brown commanded forces at the Battle of Black Jack and the Battle of Osawatomie. Brown's followers also killed five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie. In 1859, Brown led an unsuccessful raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry that ended with his capture. Brown's trial resulted in his conviction and a death sentance and was hu
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    Chief Justice John Marshall

    Major court cases he had were: Marbury v. Madison, Fletcher v. Peck, and Dartmouth College v. Woodward.
    Marshall started his own law practice, defending clients against pre-war British creditors. From 1782 to 1795, he held various political offices, including the position of secretary of state in 1800.
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    Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States.
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    Marbury v. Madison (1803)

    •Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution.
    •Wiliam Marbury and James Madison
    •The case resulted from a petition to the Supreme Court by William Marbury, who had been appointed Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia by President John Adams but whose commission was not subsequently delivered.
    •Nonetheless, the Court stopped short of ordering Madison to hand over Marbury's commission. The petition was denied.
  • Ohio

    Ohio
    Ohio became a state
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    (Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory (828,000 square miles) by the United States from France in 1803.
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark
    The Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the first American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States, departing in May 1804, from near St. Louis on the Mississippi River, making their way westward through the continental divide to the Pacific coast.
    Lewis and Clark were joined by around 40 other men on the expedition.
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    William Lloyd Garrison

    William Lloyd Garrison was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, which he founded in 1831 and published in Massachusetts until slavery was abolished by Constitutional amendment after the American Civil War. His goal from the liberator was to promote blacks freedom and well being
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    James Maddison

    James Maddison became the fourth president after serving as secretary during the years Thomas Jefferson was president.
    During his presidency, Madison led the U.S. into the controversial War of 1812 (1812-15) against Great Britain.
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    War of 1812

    The war of 1812 was between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Around 22,000 dead when war was over. At the end of the war both sides signed the Treaty of Ghent and both parties returned occupied land to its pre-war owner and resumed friendly trade relations.
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    Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement.
  • Indiana

    Indiana
    Indiana became a state
  • Mississippi

    Mississippi
    Mississippi became a state
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    Frederick Douglass

    After escaping slavey, he became the leader of the abolitionists. While still a young slave in Maryland, Frederick Douglass taught himself to read, whereupon he discovered that he was as capable of thinking and reasoning as any free man, and therefore ought to be free. In this speech before a sizeable audience of New York abolitionists, Douglass reminds them that the Fourth of July, though a day of celebration for white Americans, was still a day of mourning for slaves and former slaves like him
  • Illinois

    Illinois
    Illinois became a state
  • Transcontinental Treaty

    Transcontinental Treaty
    The United States and Spain defined the western limits of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase; Spain
    surrendered its claims to the Pacific Northwest; and the United States recognized Spanish sovereignty
    over Texas.
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    McCullouch v. Maryland

    Was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States. The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. It established two important principles in constitutional law.
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    Dartmouth College v. Woodward

    This a landmark decision from the Supreme Court dealing with the application of the Contract Clause of the United States Constitution to private corporations. The case arose when the president of Dartmouth College was deposed by its trustees, leading to the New Hampshire legislature attempting to force the college to become a public institution and place the ability to appoint trustees in the hands of the governor of New Hampshire. Dartmouth college won.
  • Alabama

    Alabama
    Alabama became a state
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    Susan B. Anthony

    Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri would be admitted to the union as a slave state, but would be balanced by the admission of Maine, a free state, that had long wanted to be separated from Massachusetts. Slavery was to be excluded from all new states in the Louisiana Purchase north of the southern boundary of Missouri.
  • Maine

    Maine
    Maine became a state
  • Missouri

    Missouri
    Missouri became a state
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    Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

    After Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery, she returned to slave-holding states many times to help other slaves escape. She led them safely to the northern free states and to Canada. Whenever Tubman led a group of slaves to freedom, she placed herself in great danger. There was a bounty offered for her capture because she was a fugitive slave herself, and she was breaking the law in slave states by helping other slaves escape.
  • Monroe Doctorine

    Monroe Doctorine
    James Monroe gave the speech
    His main message was about foreign affairs
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    Gibbson v. Ogden

    •Was a landmark decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce.
    •Thomas Gibbons, Appellant v. Aaron Ogden, Respondent.
    •The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of Gibbons.
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    John Quincy Adams

    John Quincy Adams was an American statesman who served as the sixth President of the United States. He also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the House of Representatives. Under James Monroe he then served as Secretary of State.
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    Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States. He was born into a recently immigrated Scots-Irish farming family of relatively modest means, near the end of the colonial era.
    His actions during the War of 1812—especially his overwhelming victory against British troops at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815—and the Creek War made him a national hero.
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    Abolitionist Movement

    The Abolitionist movement in the United States of America was an effort to end slavery in a nation that valued personal freedom and believed "all men are created equal." Over time, abolitionists grew more strident in their demands, and slave owners entrenched in response, fueling regional divisiveness that ultimately led to the American Civil War.
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    Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, during August 1831. Led by Nat Turner, rebel slaves killed anywhere from 55 to 65 people, the highest number of fatalities caused by any slave uprising in the American South.
    He was hanged for his crimes.
  • Florida

    Florida
    Florida became a state
  • Arkansas

    Arkansas
    Arkansas became a state
  • Michigan

    Michigan
    Michigan became a state
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    Martin Van Buren

    Martin Van Buren became the 8th president of the United States
    Vice President and Secretary of State under Andrew Jackson.
    He enforced the Indian Removal Act of 1830 removing Cherokee and other native peoples from their homes and relocating them west of the Mississippi, an event known as the "Trail of Tears."
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    Trail of Tears

    In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. Andrew Jackson was president during that time.
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    William Henry Harrison

    William Henry Harrison was the ninth president of the United States.
    He is the only president who has died in office
    He became a war hero after fighting Indian forces at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811
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    John Tyler

    John Tyler was the 10th president.
    As president, Tyler clashed with the Whigs, who later tried, unsuccessfully, to impeach him.
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    James K. Polk

    James K. Polk served as he 11th president of the United States
    During his tenure, America’s territory grew by more than one-third and extended across the continent for the first time.
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    Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico.
  • Texas

    Texas
    Texas became a state
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    Mexican-American War

    It followed in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory, despite the 1836 Texas Revolution.
    the forced Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the United States in exchange for $15 million. In addition, the United States assumed $3.25 million of debt owed by the Mexican government to U.S. citizens. Mexico accepted the loss of Texas and thereafter cited the Rio Grande as its national border.
  • Iowa

    Iowa
    Iowa became a state
  • Wisconsin

    Wisconsin
    Wisconsin became a state
  • Seneca Falls Covention

    Seneca Falls Covention
    Seneca Falls Convention was the first Woman's Rights convention. Elizabeth Candy Stanton, and Susan B. Anothony was at this convention. A huge debate arose about woman's right to vote. The convention's Declaration of Sentiments became "the single most important factor in spreading news of the women's rights movement around the country in 1848 and into the future".
  • Seneca Falls Resolution

    Seneca Falls Resolution
    After years of struggle, the 19th Amendment was adopted in 1920, granting American women the constitutionally protected right to vote.
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    Zachary Taylor

    Zachary Taylor became the 13th president of the United States
    Taylor sought to hold the nation together–a goal he was ready to accomplish by force if necessary–and he clashed with Congress over his desire to admit California to the Union as a free state. In early July 1850, Taylor suddenly fell ill and died; his successor, Millard Fillmore, would prove more sympathetic to the interests of southern slaveholders.
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    Millard Fillmore

    Millard Fillmore became the 13th president of the U.S.
    He was never voted into office, assuming the presidency after President Zachary Taylor died in office. Fillmore's most notable achievement was supporting and signing into law the 1850 Compromise, which angered both pro- and anti-slavery factions.
  • California

    California
    California became a state
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    Franklin Pierce

    Franklin Pierce became the 14th American president
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act, which Pierce signed in 1854, enraged antislavery northerners and brought about the emergence of the new Republican Party. Pierce’s inability to handle the upheaval in Kansas led to repudiation by many Democrats, who denied him the party’s nomination in 1856.
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    Dred Scott v. Sanford

    •Dred Scott v. John F. A. Sandford
    •Was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, that African Americans, whether enslaved or free, could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court
    •Trial had taken place more than once
    •Dred Scott had won the case
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    James Buchanan

    James Buchanan became the 15th president of the U.S.
    During his tenure, seven Southern states seceded from the Union and the nation teetered on the brink of civil war
  • Minnesota

    Minnesota
    Minnesota became state
  • Oregon

    Oregon
    Oregon became state
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    Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln became the 16th president
    Died from being murdered.
    Abraham Lincoln is remembered for his vital role as the leader in preserving the Union during the Civil War and beginning the process (Emancipation Proclamation) that led to the end of slavery in the United States. He is also remembered for his character and leadership, his speeches and letters, and as a man of humble origins whose determination and perseverance led him to the nation's highest office.
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    Andrew Johnson

    Andrew Johnson became the 17th president of the United States in 1865
    Johnson, who served from 1865 to 1869, was the first American president to be impeached.
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    Ulysses S. Grant

    18th President
    Commanded the victorious Union army during the American Civil War
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    Rutherford B. Hayes

    Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th president of the United States, won a controversial and fiercely disputed election against Samuel Tilden. He withdrew troops from the Reconstruction states in order to restore local control and good will, a decision that many perceived as a betrayal of African Americans in the South. He served a single term, as he had promised in his inaugural address.
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    James A. Garfield

    James Garfield was sworn in as the 20th U.S. president in March 1881 and died in September of that same year from an assassin’s bullet, making his tenure in office the second-shortest in U.S. presidential history, after William Henry Harrison (1773-1841). Born in an Ohio log cabin, Garfield was a self-made man who became a school president in his mid-20s. During the U.S. Civil War (1861-65), he fought for the Union and rose to the rank of major general.
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    Chester A. Arthur

    Chester Arthur (1829-1886), the 21st U.S. president, took office after the death of President James Garfield (1831-1881). As president from 1881 to 1885, Arthur advocated for civil service reform. A Vermont native, he became active in Republican politics in the 1850s as a New York City lawyer. In 1871, an era of political machines and patronage, Arthur was named to the powerful position of customs collector for the Port of New York.