History of Special Education and Inclusive Education

Timeline created by valeria060
  • First Special Ed School in U.S.

    First Special Ed School in U.S.
    American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Dead and Dumb, was the first special education school created in the United States. This school was established in Hartford, Connecticut by Gallaudet. Today this school is now called the American School for the Deaf.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    Supreme Court rules that school segregation was no longer constitutional. First time the federal government advocated for students experiencing inequality and was the beginning on setting a path for those with disabilities.
  • Quality Education for all

    Quality Education for all
    Elementary and Secondary Act (ESEA) was an act signed in or to provide and protect students from disadvantaged backgrounds with access to the public education system. This act also established the free and reduced lunch system. https://education.laws.com/elementary-and-secondary-education-act#:~:text=The%20Elementary%20and%20Secondary%20Education%20Act%20of%201965,schools%20accountable%20and%20increase%20equality%20in%20education%20nationally.
  • Free education and Inclusion for Mentally delayed

    Free education and Inclusion for Mentally delayed
    Fought for the exclusion of those mentally delayed from public education. The state was no longer allowed to "deny to any mentally delayed child access to a free public program of education and training". It also allowed them to not be isolated and be included with "regular" classroom. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QtFmp3XduaQ
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act

    Vocational Rehabilitation Act
    https://www.access-board.gov/law/ra.html Vocational Rehabilitation Act (VRA) - Defines a handicapped person and an appropriate education. Prohibits discrimination against students with disabilities in federally funded programs. Required accommodations for disabled students in schools.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children

    Education for All Handicapped Children
    Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) - This is known as the Mainstreaming Law. This requires states to provide a free and appropriate public education for children with disabilities from ages 5-18. In addition, it requires every child to have an individualized education program also known as an IEP. https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/94/s6
  • Education for younger Handicapped Children

    Education for younger Handicapped Children
    Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments - Requires all states to extend free and appropriate education for younger children ages 3-5 with disabilities. Also, it established early intervention programs for infants from birth to 2 years of age with disabilities.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - Protects equal rights and opportunities of employment and public services, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunication.
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    No Child Left Behind Act
    No Child Left Behind Act - Provided further accountability to schools and added technology assistance and loan programs to help schools acquire needed special education resources. This act was signed by former president George W. Bush.
  • Assistive Technology Act

    Assistive Technology Act
    Assistive Technology Act - It promotes awareness and access to assistive technologies. It leaned towards providing children with disabilities to increase independent participation in education, employment, and daily activities. Included low tech, medium tech, and high tech.