Special education

History of Special Education

By ZaireG.
  • 1600 BCE

    The First Education System

    The First Education System
    According to legendary accounts, the rulers Yao and Shun (ca. 24th–23rd century BC) established the first schools. The first education system was created in Xia dynasty (2076–1600 BC). There is considerable evidence of early education, as evidenced by written language, in the area of modern Egypt and the Middle-east from around 3500 BC and in China from around 1200 BC.
  • 1st Public School in the U.S.

    1st Public School in the U.S.
    The first public school in what would become the United States was established in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston Latin School, which was founded in 1635, was the first public school and the oldest existing school in the country. The earliest schools focused on reading, writing, and mathematics
  • 1st Federal Legislation

    1st Federal Legislation
    An Act to regulate the Time and Manner of administering certain Oaths was the first law passed by the United States Congress after the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. It was signed by President George Washington on June 1, 1789, and parts of it remain in effect to this day.
  • Department of Education for Exceptional Children

    Department of Education for Exceptional Children
    The Department of Education for Exceptional Children is established. The first director of this department is William Cruickshank. He was a pioneer in the education of children with brain injuries and later learning disabilities and cerebral palsy.
  • The Term Learning Disability

    The Term Learning Disability
    The term learning disabilities was first introduced when a small group of parents and educators met in Chicago at the Palmer House. The term was proposed by Dr. Samuel A. Kirk, known as the Father of Learning Disabilities. As a result of the meeting, the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities was created and incorporated, and is known today as the Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA).
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    Congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act also known as the EHA. In 1975 to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families. This landmark law’s name changed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, in a 1990 reauthorization.
  • Introduction of Mainstream

    Introduction of Mainstream
    In the later part of the 80s, Deng Xiaoping led the nation and demanded that the focus be economic development. The result of this growth of economics was more resources for education and in return, the education serves the community. Mainstreaming is when children with disabilities are integrated with general education students.
  • Disability Institutions Closed

    Disability Institutions Closed
    By 1984 the hospitals started to close and people moved to residential care homes in the community. In 1975, when a new federal law required that all children with disabilities be provided a public education, the populations at institutions began to plummet. Now that they could send their children to school, parents brought them back home.
  • The Disability Rights Movement

    The Disability Rights Movement
    The disability rights movement is a global social movement that seeks to secure equal opportunities and equal rights for all people with disabilities. After decades of campaigning and lobbying, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990, and ensured the equal treatment and equal access of people with disabilities to employment opportunities and to public accommodations.
  • Every Student Succeeds Act

    Every Student Succeeds Act
    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was reauthorized and renamed to the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). As Congress moved to reauthorize the ESSA, LDA recommended that students with learning disabilities receive access to the general education curriculum. The purpose was to maintain students with disabilities as a specific subgroup for accountability purposes.