History of Special Education

Timeline created by Preston Brooks
In History
  • Law Mandating Compulsory Education

    Law passed in Rhode Island that stated all children should be in school and was later passed in all states in 1918 (Grocke).
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    This act made sure that any person born in the US is declared a citizen. Also, any person would not be discriminated by color, race, or if they were in slavery (Longley).
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    This case set the president for education that said separate is equal and this case would later be changed by the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (Duignan).
  • Council For Exceptional Children

    This council was put in place to be an advocacy for children with disabilities. This council makes sure that each child with special needs gets a free appropriate public education (CEC).
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education is a landmark case that reversed a previous ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson with the ruling that "Separate is not equal". This case also brought forth special education v. general education (Duignan). This sets the foundation for special education programs and services (Duignan).
  • Section 504

    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 makes sure that there is no discrimination between a school and beyond. This is also what makes up 504 plans for students. This is what helps school make sure they are providing free appropriate public education to their students with disabilities (Lee).
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    This act made sure that public schools across America would provide children with disabilities the right to an education. This also made sure that school boards would provide services to the children with special needs (Wright).
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    The Americans with Disabilities Act makes sure that there is no discrimination based on the disability of person (ADA). This protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination in school, employment, state and local government services, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunications (ADA).
  • IDEA

    The Individuals with Disability Education Act makes sure that children from ages 3-21 get a free appropriate public education and special education services that the individual needs to learn (IDEA).
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    NCLB was signed by Gorge W. Bush to make sure that children in poor communities received the same help as other schools and provide services from Title I that would help make the students in these areas proficient in math in reading by 2014 (NCLB).
  • IDEA Reauthorized

    IDEA was reauthorized by George W. Bush in 2004 and he made the change that all teachers in special education need to be certified and that all related services, supplemental aids outlined on a student's IEP need to be based on "peer-reviewed research" to the "extent practicable." (IDEA 2004)