History of Germany 1806- 1990

  • Period: to

    Germany 1806-1990

  • dissolution of Holy Roman Empire

    Francis II, last Holy Roman Emperor, resigns after a defeat from Napoleon. his kingdom is replaced by the confederation of the Rhine.
  • Rhine confederation dissolved.

    The confederation of the Rhine, an alliance of German nations favoring Napoleon, is dissolved with Napoleons defeat by Britain, Prussia, and Russia.
  • German confederation established.

     German confederation  established.
    Austria, Prussia, and other German speaking nations unite in a lose confedearation, with Austria and Prussia partially outside the borders
  • First German railroad construction permitted

    The state of Bavaria permits the construction of the Bavarian Ludwig Railway, first Railroad in Germany.
  • Revolutions of 1848 begin

    Revolutions of 1848 begin
    These protests proved unsuccessful, but fought for unification and inspired many to seek it.
  • Austro Prussian War Begins

    Seeking sovreignity over dthe German States, Prussia and Austria began a brief war which was to have dramatic consequences for Europe.
  • German confederation dissolves

    German confederation dissolves
    After Prussia defeats Austria, the German confederation dissolves, and Prussia absorbs several German states, forming the North German Confederation, which all Northern German provinces enter by 1867.
  • Bismarck becames Chancellor

    Bismarck becames Chancellor
    The North German Confederation is formed, and Otto Von Bismarck becomes Chancellor
  • Franco-Prussian War begins

    Franco-Prussian War begins
    Due to issues in power balance since Napoleon, Prussia and France began a fight against each other. Bavaria and the other South German states assisted in the conquest. Prussia won and the French King, Napoleon III, was exiled.
  • Germany unified

    Germany is officially declared a unified nation, with Otto Von Bismarck as Chancellor and Wilhelm I as Emperor
  • Wilhelm I dies

    Wilhelm I dies
    Wilhelm I, Emperor of Germany, dies shortly before his 91st birthday. His son Frederick III briefly suceeds him, but dies of cancer 99 days later,and Wilhelm II, grandson of Wilhelm I, becomes emperor.
  • Germany enters World War I

    After the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian anarchist, Austria invaded Serbia. Russia entered the war to help Serbia, which it had an alliance with, and Germany, which was allied with Austria, began to mobilise its troops
  • World War I ends

    Armistice signed ending WW1, with Germany, Austria, and Turkey on the losing side.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates

    Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Allies placed all war blame on Germany and ordered it to pay off all the War debt. Germany was also forced to give up all overseas territory and many eastern provinces, as well as the Alsace-Lorraine region on the French border. It also forced Germany to dismiss most of its military
  • German money stabilised

    German money stabilised
    Worthless reichmark replaced by Rentenmark and currency stabilised. Before this, Germans had to pay a trillion dollar for a loaf of bread. This was because to pay off for the war debt, Germans had had to print massive amounts of money, and the money printed became almost completely worthless. The picture here shows children using tied-up money to build a tower-- it was cheaper than buying toys.
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor

    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor
    Paul von Hindenburg apointed Adolf Hitler, an anti-semitic former Austrian soldier, Chancellor. Hitler had been imprisoned for trying to overthrow the Wiemar Republic, but had written Mien Kampf, his Autobiography, in prison, which explained to the Germans his hatred against the Jews.
  • burning of reichstag

    burning of reichstag
    The Riechstag building, where the German parliament met, was set on fire by Marinus Van der Lubbe, a dutch Communist. As the Nazis opposed Communism, this event caused greater opposition to Communism--and more aleggiance to the Nazis
  • Jews attacked at Kristallnacht

    Jews attacked at Kristallnacht
    As Hitler increased stepped up his fight against the Jews, he came to seek for the Annihilation of them. On this night, Nazi soldiers ransacked Jewish shops and moved a fourth of the Jews into concentration camps. This event was the beginning of the Holocaust, in which nearly six million Jews would be killed.
  • Hitler commits suicide

    With his dominion in ruins and the Solviets closing in, Hitler knew he would soon be killed by the Solviets, so he and his new wife, Eva Braun, committed suicide together.
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    when the Solviets took over Berlin, Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allied forces. Until 1949, The United States, Britain, and France, controlled the Western sections of Germany, the Solviets controlledthe Eastern sections, and all four countries controlled sections of Berlin.
  • West Germany created

    The federal republic of Germany, known as West Germany, is declared sovereign from allied rule with Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor. Several months later, The Democratic Republic of Germany, known as East Germany, is declared sovereign with Wilhelm Pieck as Chairman.
  • Berlin Wall Construction begins

    Berlin Wall Construction begins
    The Communist Government of East Germany had ordered the construction of the Berlin Wall to prevent East Germans from moving to West Berlin.
  • Berlin Wall demolition begins

    Berlin Wall demolition begins
    East Germany's Government allowed all German citizens to visit West Germany. So East Germans began breaking through the wall while people on both sides played "Wir Sind Ein Volk" (We are one people) and Ein Feste Burg, the German national anthem.
  • First free elections in East Germany

    After the Berlin wall was torn down, the East German Government permitted free elections for the first time. The Christian Democratic Party, which favored unification, received the highest by far, winning over 40% of the vote and making unification nearly inevitable
  • Germany reunified

    Germany finnaly reunified under the leadership of Helmut Kohl, chancellor of West Germany