History of Art and Design

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    Futurism

    Futurism surfaced in 1909 and ended 1930. The design was one of the first radical design movements- one of the first. It was embraced technological progress. Futurism was written and printed, words were central so designs often featured Roman numeral, tpography and repeated icons.
    Key artists of the movement included Filippo Marinetti and Antonio Sant'Elia.
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    Constructivism

    Picture of contructivism tower Constructive design was a russian movement, after the revolution in 1917 to 1935. The art was well designed, utilitarian objects, accessible to the masses It influenced the Bahaus trend. The trend refers to the optimistic, non-representational relief construction, sculpture, kinetics and painting. The trend was founded by Vladimir Tatlin on his trip to Paris.
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    Bauhaus

    Image of Bauhaus chair Bauhaus art was decorative, often had industrial machine aesthetic and brought together a number of the most outstanding contemporary architects and artists. . The Bauhaus building was closed by the Nazi party. The Bauhaus movement was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 and faded out in 1933.
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    International style

    The international art movement started in 1920, founded in New York. The movement was full of geometic shapes and made by artists who enjoyed applying function the movement also expresses volume and mass. At the start the international movement was very industrial and strong but became softer later. Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson defined the International style. The style deplieted in 1980.
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    Art Deco

    art deco surfaced in 1920 and started to deplite in1939, art deco was an application of simple, geometric design and common combinations of bright vibrant colours and solid shapes. Art deco celebrated the rise of technology in society. Artists that contributed to art deco were Hector Guimard, Eugène Grasset, Raoul Lachenal, Paul Bellot, Maurice Dufrêne, and Emile Decoeur.
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    Pop

    The pop movement started in 1958 until 1972. Foundations of post modernism. Pop used marterials found every day in life, that were readily accessable, discarded and disposable materials. The pop movement was aimed at youth. Andy Warhol was a pop artist that was known for his bright coloured artwork.
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    Radical Design and Anti Design

    Started in 1968 and didnt last that long, up until 1978. The movement questioned a good taste, mainly by to two italian houses, direct precursor to post modernism. At this point in time Italian design was seen as the pinicle of good taste. Anti design was about fitting in with humanity, not the other way around. The movement was more modern.
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    Post Modernism

    Post modernism questions the emphasis on logic, simplicity and order. This suggests ambiguity and contradiction have a play. The movement aims to establish emotional connection with the artist. Post modernism is diverse and always changing. Post modernism art is never wrong and was influenced by Clement Greenberg.
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    Memphis

    The Memphis trend started in1981 until 1988. It was a reaction to internation style. Blurred boundaries of design through highly decorative forms. Includes bold colours and patterns. Memphis draws on pop culture, mass produced objects, games, sci fi and media products. It was founded by Ettore Sottsass, an Italian designer.
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    Digital Design

    Digital design rised in 1984 and is still present now. Rise of digital technology transformed, design due to the ability to research, model, test, form and enhance design.