HIS103 Timeline

  • Period: 750 to 1076

    Kingdom of Ghana

    A wealthy kingdom for numerous reasons, while one is being the Trans-Saharan Trade.
  • Period: 1230 to

    Kingdom of Mali

    Their great wealth came from gold and salt mines. They controlled important trade routes across the Sahara Desert to Europe and the Middle East.
  • Period: 1390 to

    Kingdom of Kongo

    Became a major source of slaves for Portuguese traders and other European powers.
  • Period: 1464 to

    Kingdom of Songhai

    They made a variety of artwork for show and religious, social, and economic use, and they built an incredible capital of Gao.
  • Period: 1492 to 1502

    Voyages of Christopher Columbus

    Columbus made a total of 4 voyages to the Americas setting the stage for European exploration and colonization leading to the Columbian Exchange.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    First voyage of Christopher Columbus

    First voyage of Christopher Columbus
    Columbus sets sail from Spain to find all-water route to Asia.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Agreed by the Spanish and the Portuguese on the newly claimed land in the New World.
  • Aug 23, 1527

    Cortes conquered the Aztecs

    Cortes conquered the Aztecs
    After three months of fighting, Cortes defeated the Aztec Empire. In 1521, smallpox decimated the population.
  • Period: to

    English settlement of Roanoke

    The Roanoke Colonies attempted to establish settle in North America to harass Spanish shipping, mining for gold and sliver, discovering a passage to the Pacific Ocean and Christianize the Indians
  • Establishment of Jamestown

    Establishment of Jamestown
    The first permanent British settlement in the North America
  • Pilgrims land in Plymouth

    Pilgrims land in Plymouth
    The Pilgrims left England to seek religious freedom, or find a better life.
  • Maryland granted to Lord Baltimore

    Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles l.
  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
    English laws that regulated English ships, shipping trade, and commerce between other countries and with its own colonies.
  • Period: to

    King Philips War

    Cause of a the trial and execution of three of Metacom's men by the colonists.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    The first rebellion in the American colonies. A protest against raids on the frontier.
  • Queen Anne's War

    Queen Anne's War
    Second in a series of wars fought between Great Britain and France in North America for control of the continent.
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    A movement that altered religious beliefs, practices and relationships in the American colonies.
  • Period: to

    7 Years' War

    Known as the French and Indian War, when fighting between French and the colonists merged into a European conflict which involved Austria, France, and Russia against Prussia and Britain.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    First tax on the colonists, used on sugar, certain wines, coffee, pimiento, cambric,and printed calico to raise British Parliament revenue.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The new tax required American colonists to pay taxes on every piece of printed paper used.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Granted the British East India Company Tea a monopoly on tea sales in the American colonies.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    The laws were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in the Tea Party protest in reaction to changes in taxation by the British to the detriment of colonial goods.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The 13 colonies would cut their political connections with Great Britain.
  • The Battle of Saratoga

    The Battle of Saratoga
    A decisive victory for the Continental Army and a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary War.
  • Ratification of the Articles of Confederation

    The Articles created a weak government and a loose confederation of sovereign states.
  • The Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown
    The British surrender at the Battle of Yorktown ended the American Revolutionary War.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    A series of violent attacks on courthouses and other government properties in Massachusetts and led to a full-blown military confrontation in 1787.
  • The Northwest Ordinance

    A method for admitting new states to the Union from the territory, and listed a bill of rights guaranteed in the territory.
  • The U.S. Constitution (Ratified)

    The U.S. Constitution (Ratified)
    The Constitution became the official framework of the government of the United States of America when New Hampshire became the ninth of 13 states to ratify it.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Rebellion with farmers and distillers in Pennsylvania to protest the whiskey tax enacted by the government.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    These laws included new powers to deport foreigners as well as making it harder for new immigrants to vote.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    A deal between the U.S. and France, in which the U.S. received 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    It prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports.
  • Period: to

    War of 1812

    A conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Ghent.
  • The Battle of Horseshoe Bend

    The Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    A U.S. victory in Alabama over Native Americans opposed to white expansion into their territories and which largely brought an end to the Creek War.
  • Missouri Compromise

    The admission of Maine to the United States as a free state along with Missouri as a slave state, maintaining the balance of power between North and South.
  • Mexican Independence

    The revolutionary tract called for the end of Spanish rule in Mexico, redistribution of land, and racial equality.
  • Texas Declares Independence

    Texas Declares Independence
    Many American settlers and Tejanos, or Mexicans who lived in Texas, wanted to break away from Mexico. They did not like laws made by Santa Anna, Mexico's president.
  • Period: to

    Mexican-American War

    Helped to fulfill America's "manifest destiny" to expand its territory across the entire North American continent.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
    It ended the Mexican-American War in favor of the United States. The war had begun almost two years earlier, in May 1846, over a territorial dispute involving Texas.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    Necessary because the North and the South were badly split on the issue of the lands that had been taken from Mexico in the recent war.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act

    It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
  • The Dred Scott Decision

    The Dred Scott Decision
    The decision argued that as a slave, Scott was not a citizen and could not sue in a federal court.
  • The Secession of South Carolina

    The state seceded because a Republican, Abraham Lincoln, had been elected president.
  • Period: to

    The Civil War

    Differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. The event that triggered war came at Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay.
  • The Battle of Bull Run

    The Battle of Bull Run
    Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the first major land battle of the American Civil War.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    Confederate forces launched a surprise attack against Union troops, but Union forces ultimately hung on and won.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    Declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." It freed 3.1 million out of nation's 4 million slaves.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    A Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. More than 50,000 men fell as casualties during the 3-day battle, making it the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War.
  • Lincoln's Assassination

    Lincoln's Assassination
    Lincoln was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth, while attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Shot in the head as he watched the play, Lincoln died the following day at 7:22 A.M..