Harriet was born into slavery because both her parents were slaves, Her birth name was Araminta Ross. She was born in Dorchester County, Maryland. Since slaves were not given birth dates this is an estimated day and year she was born.
Now that Harriet is 6 her master thought it was time for her to start working. Her master lent her to a couple where she started weaving. She was often whipped and didnt stay long here.
Started work in the fields
Harriet was old enough now to work in the fields. The work was very hard for her still being quite young. She was often hit if she didnt do her work good enough to her masters standards.
No longer a child
Now that Harriet is 11, she is not considered a child anymore. It was a custom on all plantations that she now had to wear a bright cotton bandana on her head. This indicated to everyone she was not to be treated as a child.
Harriet was injured
At age 12 Harriet was injured by a blow to the head. A white overseer threw something at her head because she refused to help tie up a man who tryed to escape. This caused damage to her skull and brain and she had seizures for the rest of her life.
Harriet gets married
At age 25 Harriet married John Tubman. John was a free African American unlike Harriet. Harriet always feared being sold and her marrige would be split apart.
Harriets First Escape
Harriet left her husband and was hoping to seek freedom. She set off on going to Philadelphia. She met numerous abolitionists who let her stay at thier house and took her where she needed to go until she reached Philadelphia. When she arrived in Philadelphia she got a job and saved all her money to help free slaves.
Fugitive Slave Law was passed
Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law in 1850. This law was used to aid in the capture of runaway slaves. Fines and punishments were given to anyone that abetted the escape of runaway slaves.
First Slave Escape
In 1850, Harriet helped her first slaves escape to the North. She sent a letter to her sisters oldest son on how to escape. In this same year Harriet was made an offical conductor. This meant she knew all the teritiories that were free and she had to promise to keep the Underground Railroad a secret.
Slaveholders looked for Harriet
When slaveholders found out Harriet escaped they wanted her back. They offered an award of $40,00 if she was captured and returned to her owner. However Harriet was never captured.
Third trip to Canada
In September of 1851 Harriet went back to get her husband John but he remaried and did not want to leave. She then went back North and found more runaways seeking freeodom. Harriet took them to Pennsylvania to stay for some time then took them all to Canada.
In 1861 during the civil war Harriet Tubman acted as a nurse. She cooked, cleaned, and nursed people back to health. She also tryed to find the injured people work when they got better.
Harriet was never captuted and neither were any of the slaves she helped to freedom. She was a conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years. Harriet said " I never ran my train off the track and I never lost a passenger".
Harriet worked as a scout
Harriet worked with Colonel James Montgomery as a scout in the summer of 1863. They put a group of spies together. These spies kept them informed about slaves who wanted to join the Union Army.
Cival war ends
Finally in 1865 the Cival War ends. Lincoln is assassinated soon after. Because of all that happened the 13th Amendment abolished slavery.
Divorce and second marrige
Harriet got divorced from John Brown because he did not support her dreams. She now got remarried to Nelson Davis. Her new name was Harriet Tubman Davis.
Harriet attended suffrage organizations
In Harriets older years she started attending suffrage organizations. She went to numerous ones until she died. Susan B. Anthony and Emily Howland are only two of the very importnant people she met.
Harriet died on March 10, 1913. Before she died she gave up her home for the elderly to the Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. Harriet was buried at Fort Hill Cemetery close to the home.
Harriet recieved many honors
A year after Harriets death Auburn declared a one day memorial to her. That day there was a Harriet Tubman Plaque placed at the Cayuga County Court House in honor of her. There are also many things named after her for her remembrance.
In the summer of 1994 Freedom Park opened. This park is tributed to the memory of Harriet. This park is located at 17 North Street in Auburn.