Ginormous Timeline 1

By Kaylaz
  • Jamestown

    English men arrived in North America ("New World") to start a new life/settlement in Virginia, Jamestown, founded on May 13, and named after their King (James the First). It was first English settlement that was permanent.
  • Period: to

    Units 2-5

  • Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan

    Franklin plan was to create an unified government for the 13 colones. It's aim was for trade, military and other purposes that would help the 13 colonies but was turned down by the colonies and the Crown.
  • French and Indian War begins

    The war started over a dispute whether the upper portion of the Ohio River Valley was part of the British Empire, or if it was part of the French Empire. This was because the river was an open trade and settlement by Virginians and Pennsylvanians.
  • Anglicanism Established in Georgia

    The first Anglican church to be established in the Georgia colony. It was founded by Henry Herbert
  • Writs of Assistance Introduced in Colonies

    American warehouses, homes, and ships would be search for contraband by officers. The search warrant was issued by superior provincial courts to assist the British government in enforcing trade and navigation laws.
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Was an attack by a small confederation of American Indians who were dissatisfied with the British Rule in Great Lakes. The conflict enabled Native Americans to endure major players and it gave them demands for fear of a prolonged war.
  • Treaty of Paris Ends & French and Indian War

    The colonies were sent a letter that told the to obtain more land so they could sustain a bigger colony. The Treaty of Paris was signed and it fomallyed ended the Revolutionary War.
  • Proclamation Act of 1763

    The Act prohibited Anglo-American colonists from settling on lands that were acquired by the French, after the French and Indian war. The act was British-produced boundary marked by the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Currency Act

    A Parliament of Great Britain regulated paper money that was issued by the British colonies. The act was to protect British merchants and creditors from being paid in colonial currency.
  • End of Salutary Neglect

    The end of the British policy adopted with regards in dealing with the American Colonies. It caused a large war debt for the British and that destroyed the policy in the colonies
  • Sugar Act

    The act attempted to curb the smuggling of sugar and molasses in colonies by reducing tax rates and enforcing the collection of duties. The British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies.
  • Quartering Act

    Colonies were required to house British soldiers in barracks. The colonies didn't have a choice and were forced to house the British solderer in their homes or in local ins or wherever if they all couldn't fit in their homes.
  • Stamp Act

    Colonists had to pay taxes on printed papers. It was the first direct tax that was used by the British Government to collect revenues from the colonies.
  • Sons of Liberty

    A political organization in the American Revolution, who were grassroots of group of instigators and provocateurs, that was a secret. They used an extreme form of civil disobedience to intimidate loyalists and outrage the British gov.
  • Declaratory Act

    Parliament's could make laws that bind the American colonies. It accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act, and it was a reaction of British Parliament to the failure of the Stamp Act.
  • Mason-Dixon Line Drawn

    It was an establishment that would end the boundary dispute between British colonies of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and West Virginia.
  • Townshend Acts

    The Parliament gave commissioners the power to search homes and private warehouses for smuggled items that had entered the colonies without payment.
  • Boston Massacre

    The British soldiers in Boston opened firs on a group of American colonists. The massacre helped to unite the colonies against Britain, and helped spark the colonists desire for American independence.
  • Quartering Acts

    This act applied allowed royal governors to find homes and buildings to quarter or house British Soldiers. It applied to all the American colonies and was only slightly different form the 1765 act.
  • First Continental Congress

    Delegates from twelve of the thirteen American colonies met to discuss America's future under growing British aggression. It was the first continental Congress that convened in Carpenters Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvanian.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Punitive laws to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in the Tea Party protest in reaction to the changes in taxation by the British Government.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The British Army set out from Boston to capture rebel leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock in Lexington. The also destroyed the American's store of weapons and ammunition in Concord.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    American patriots were defeated by the British Army for freedom but even though they lost, they proved they could hold out against the British. This was the first stage of the American Revolutionary War.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    A document in which the colonists pledged their loyalty to the crown and asserted their rights as British citizens. It was signed as a final attempt by colonists to avoid going to war with Britain during the American Revolution.
  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense

    A 47-page pamphlet written by Thomas Paine advocated independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies. Paine's arguments were very straightforward and he argued for two main points, independence from England and the creation of the democratic republic.
  • Declaration of Independence

    A document that signified America was going to be its own. The document has the country's hopes, ideas, and beliefs of the future of their country.
  • Saratoga

    A turning point of the American Revolution, it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. America defeated the British army and lifted patriot morale and further the hope for independence.
  • Valley Forge

    The six-month encampment of General George Washingtonś Continental Army at Valley Forge in the winter. This was when America became the true fighting unit.
  • Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown

    Cornwallis surrendered his army to General George Washington at Yorktown. It effectively ended the revolutionary War, because of the lack of financial resources to raise a new army, so the British government appealed to America for peace.
  • Articles of Confederation ratified

    Ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states. It was signed by congress and set to all the states for ratification.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Ended the War of American Revolution, as both sides signed the treaty. The treaty gave up all of its territories in America and effectively ended any foreign military threat to the British colonies.
  • Land Ordinance

    It was passed by Congress under the Articles and laid out the process by which lands west of the Appalachian Mountains were to be surveyed and sold. This created townships and sections within towns used for all the U.S. land
  • Shays' Rebellion

    Conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working.
  • Annapolis Convention

    A federal plan for regulating interstate and foreign trade was sought Though it failed to gain interest because of the weakness of the articles of confederation.
  • Constitutional Convention

    A meeting of state delegates in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. It designed a new form of government, the US Constitution.
  • Federalist Papers

    Essays published in New York newspapers over course of 2 years. 85 essays. It was urged for NYers to ratify the proposed Constitution.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Established a government or the Northwest territory and outlined the process for admitting a new state to the Union. It guaranteed that newly created states would be equal to the original 13 states.
  • Hamilton's Fiscal Program

    A plan headed by Alexander Hamilton that aimed to pay of the United States' debt in full, create a bank of the United States, and make American manufacturers self-sufficient.
  • First Bank of the US chartered

    The establishment of the Bank. It included a three-part expansion of federal fiscal, monetary power championed by Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury.
  • Bill of Rights ratified

    The first ten amendments to the Constitution that confirms the fundamental rights of its citizens.
  • Cotton Gin

    Invention created by Eli Whitney in 1793. It removes seeds from cotton fibers. It made processing cotton easier and resulted in greater availability and cheaper cloth.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    A rebellion against the whiskey tax; an "excessive" tax. It was the first test of federal authority in the U.S.. The rebellion enforced the idea that the new government had the right to levy a tax that impacted citizens in all the states.
  • Washington's Farewell Address

    A warning that the forces of geographical sectionalism, political factionalism, and interference by foreign powers in the nation's domestic affairs are threatened by the stability of the Republic.
  • XYZ Affair

    French agents attempted to bribe and loan from US diplomats in exchanges for an agreement that French privateers would no longer attack American Ships.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    The act was a series of laws passed and amid widespread fear that the war with France was imminent. The act remained controversial and restricted the actives of foreign residents in the country and limited freedom of speech and the press.
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional.
  • Revolution of 1800

    Vice President Thomas Jefferson defeated incumbent president John Adams, the election was a realigning elect that ushered in a generation of Democratic Republican Party rule and a fall of the Federalist Party.
  • John Marshall appointed Chief Justice of Supreme Court

    Adams sent to the Senate the nomination of John Marshall to be chief of justice. The most influential of Adams' final judicial appointments, he shaped the court's decisions and dramatically raised its stature.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Thomas Jefferson bought Louisiana. It eventually doubled the size of the United States and strengthened the country materially and strategically. It helped with the westward expansion.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Explore Louisiana and the Pacific Northwest. Explore the unknown, establish trades with Natives and to say this belongs to America, it was a major chapter in the history in the American exploration.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    The case started with William Marbury when he started a petition due to a letter that was never received. Thomas Jefferson had told James Madison to not deliver the letter because he didn't want him to be a justice.
  • Hamilton-Burr Duel

    Hamilton and Burr fighting at the Heights of Weehawken, NJ. a gun off where Hamilton dies and Burr is tried for treason.
  • War of 1812

    A conflict between the US and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. British restrictions on U.S. trade and America's desire to expand territory in the U.S.. It was also a show to the world that American fight for Independence.
  • Hartford Convention

    A meeting of New England Federalists held in Hartford Connecticut i discussing and readdressed by Washington for their complaints and wrongs
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. A commission to also determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
  • Burning of Washington, D.C.

    British forces occupied Washington, D.C., set fire to many public buildings following the American defeat at the Battle of Bladensburg. It negatively impacted the British.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    The battle thwarted British to try and gain control of an American port. This was the greatest American land victory of the war, American troops defeated the British force which bolstered the US. hopes for a quick end to the war.
  • Second Band of the US

    A revived bang of the United States voted by congress. The second bank of the U.S that was federally authorized as a national bank in the U.S.
  • Era of Good Feelings

    During President Monroe's administration reflected a national sense of purpose and a desire for unity in Americans.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    An attempt by the state of Maryland to destroy a bank branch of the U.S., Marshall declared the bank constitutional by invoking the Hamiltonian doctrine of implied powers.
  • Missouri Compromise

    United States congress admitted Missouri as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and banning slavery from the remaining lands of Louisiana
  • Monroe Doctrine

    The doctrine warns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs.
  • American System (Henry Clay)

    The policy of promoting industry in the U.S. by the adoption a high protective tariff and a developing internal improvements by the federal government.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    A landmark decision that the Supreme Court held the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
  • "Corrupt Bargain" Election

    An alleged deal between presidential candidates John Q. Adams and Henry Clay to throw the election, and to be decided by the house of representatives, in Adam's favor.
  • Erie Canal Opens

    Providing overland water transportation between the Hudson River and Lake Erie. It provided a direct water route to the Midwest, it triggered a large-scale emigration to the sparsely populated frontiers of western.
  • Andrew Jackson elected president

    Andrew Jackson won the popular vote and had the most electoral votes. He was the 7th president and was known for founding the Democratic Party and for his support for individual liberty.
  • Kitchen Cabinet

    When President Andrew Jackson took office, his official Cabinet was fractured by factional disputes. The infighting was so pronounced that the cabinet became virtually ineffectual, rather he turned to an unofficial group of trusted friends and advisors.
  • Spoils system

    Incoming officials throw out former appointees and replace them with their friends. The system was administrated by President Andrew Jackson.
  • Marysville Road veto

    The bill proposed building a road to Kentucky at federal expense. Got vetoed. It advocated the regard as a part of the national Cumberland Road system, but was vetoed because the grounds that federal funding of intrastate projects of the nature was unconstitutional.
  • Indian Removal Act

    To gain access to lands inhabited by the "Five Civilized Tribes.", the act was intended to be voluntary removal, pressure was put onto the tribes' chiefs to leave.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Marshall determined that Cherokees were a sovereign nation under U.S. Treaty, and that Georgia could not interfere. It was a landmark case of the Supreme Court, the decision was often used to craft subsequent Indian Laws in the U.S.
  • Ordinance of Nullification

    South Carolina adopted the Ordinance of Nullification, proclaiming both tariffs null and void within the state, and threaten to secede if the federal government attempted to enforce the tariffs.
  • Jackson's veto of the Bank of the US

    He believed that the large bank is privilege for the rich, and the removal of federal deposits would be replaced by Jackson "pet banks".
  • Whig Party

    Political party that opposed President Andrew Jackson. They stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements.
  • Republic of Texas' Independence

    Colonized by the Spanish, the Republic of Texas declared its independence from Mexico. It was than born as the Republic of Texas
  • Underground Railroad

    A railroad network of people who helped runaway slaves to reach freedom in the north or Canada. It was also taken as a passage to disappear from the public view.
  • Amistad Case

    Joseph Cinque and African captives, seized control of the Spanish schooner Amistad, which had been carrying them to slavery in Honduras.
  • Dorothea Dix

    Boston schoolteacher visited prisons and found deplorable conditions, she submitted a report of her findings to the Massachusetts legislature that convinced Massachusetts and other states to improve prison conditions and to build separate hospitals for the mentally ill.