German Unification Timeline

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    Frederick William IV

    Frederick reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. Also referred to as the "romanticist on the throne", he is best remembered for the many buildings he had constructed in Berlin and Potsdam,
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    Napoleon invades German Lands

    The German Campaign was the campaign which ended the War of the Sixth Coalition and is part of the Napoleonic Wars. It took place in Germany after Napoleon's retreat from Russia in 1813.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The objective of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The goal was not simply to restore old boundaries, but to resize the main powers so they could balance each other off and remain at peace.
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    Otto Von Bismarck birth

    Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890.
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    The Zollverein, also known as the German Customs Union was a coalition of German states formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territories. By 1866, the Zollverein included most of the German states.
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    Frankfurt Assembly demands unity

    The session was held from 18 May 1848 to 31 May 1849. its existence was both part of and the result of the"March Revolution" in the states of the German Confederation.
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    William I of Prussia becomes Emperor

    first Head of State of a united Germany.
  • Blood and Iron speech

    He emphatically called for a "small German" nation-state dominated by Prussia and rejected demands for liberal reform.
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    Bismarck declares war on Denmarck

    The major result of the war was a shift in power.
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    Bismarck declares war on Austria

    Bismarck, over the objections of his king, in order to expel Austria from the German Confederation as a step toward the unification of Germany under Prussian dominance. 
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    Franco Prussian War

    often referred to in France as the War of 1870.
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    Campaign against the Socialists

    After Germany was unified there was a growing population of socialists in Germany. Germans organized a social Democratic party that called for true parliamentary democracy and laws to improve for the working class. Bismark was worried that they would start a revolution. So Bismark sponsored laws that protect the working class. He also created health care, injury insurance, and retirement insurance.
  • Constitution drafted by Dismarck

    The Constitution of the German Empire was the basic law of the German Empire from 1871 to 1919. It was enacted on April 16, 1871. It ir refered to as Bismarck's imperial constitution, in German the Bismarcksche Reichsverfassung by many historians.
  • Second reich is created

    The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and growing German nationalism, led to repeated attempts at unifying Germany. This German Empire was dominated by Prussia, and ruled by the Kaiser, Willam II. This new state dominated European politics at the end of the 19th century.
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    Population growth 1817-1914

    Germany industialized providing more jobs and money to families, allowing them to expand their families. There were 41 million people in 1871 and by 1914 there were 67 million people in Germany.
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    House of Krupp

    The House of Krupp had been open since the 1850s, but had never really been in use until the economic boom of the 1870s. The House of Krupp is a factory that produces steel and weapons for Germany. When the economic boom hit it was producing heavily again.
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    Economic development

    Germany was making many economic advancements at this time. They created railroads to connect the German states and made their own currency for all of the country to use, and. Germany also made tariffs to protect businesses and prevent their economy from collapsing when the economic depression hit Europe.
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    Campaign against the church (Kultrekampf)

    Bismarck grew up in a Lutheran family, not a catholic family. In newly unified Germany one third of the population was catholic. Bismarck thought that catholics loyalty remained with the pope and not with Germany. Kulturkamp was the battle of civilization to try to stop catholic rule. The state wanted to oversee all catholic teachings. But the battle backfired and the faithful rallied behind the church. Bismark sees this and q
  • William II becomes Kaiser

    William I came out of power in 1888, and was replaced by his son William II. William II was threatened by Bismark and asked him to resign so he could be the one the people looked to. He also believed in the divine right to rule.
  • Bismarckresigns

    When William II came to power he asked Bismarck to resign because he felt threatened by him. Bismark fights William II for power of Germany.
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    Bismarck becomes Chancellor

    1st Chancellor of Germany. in office 21 March 1871 – 20 March 1890.