Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)

  • Date of Birth

    Date of Birth
    Frederick Douglass was born, a slave in Tuckahoe, Talbot County, Maryland.His mother is a slave named Harriet Bailey. He only saw his mom four or five times and only a few hours each time.His father, a white man named Aaron Anthony, is his master. He was borned into slavery and he had never knew what was his age or date of birth.
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    The Life of Frederick Douglass

  • Attempt to escaped

    Frederick was planning to escape slavery and got to the North. His planned was discovered which made him go to jail. Later he was released and returned to work with Hugh and Sophia Auld in Baltimore. He was hired to work as a caulker in a Baltimore shipyard. The knowledge he gained there help him a lot.
  • Escaped slavery

    Escaped slavery
    Borrowing papers from a free black sailor, he escapes from slavery to New York and changes his last name to Johnson. On September 15 he marries Anna Murray. The ceremony is performed by minister James W. C. Pennington, who is also an escaped Maryland slave.The newlyweds move to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where Frederick works as an unskilled laborer. They stay with caterers Mary and Nathan Johnson.
  • Frederick Douglass published book

    Frederick Douglass published book
    Publishes Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. In it, he reveals details that could lead to his arrest as a fugitive slave.
    He meets Susan B. Anthony while on a speaking tour. Later he becomes a champion of women's rights. Begins tour of Great Britain and Ireland, lecturing on slavery with abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison. English friends raise money to "purchase" his freedom; Douglass is manumitted after Hugh Auld receives $711.66 in payment.
  • Moving to New York

    Moving to New York
    Frederick and Anna Murray Douglass, attracted by Susan B. Anthony's very active women's movement, moved their family (8 year old Rosetta, 7 year old Lewis, 5 year old Frederick, and 3 year old Charles) to Rochester New York. Even their prejudice forced the Douglass' children to be educated elsewhere.The presence of Frederick Douglass, a famous ex-slave who became a prominent abolitionist, publisher and spokesman against slavery, helped to enhance Rochester's reputation as a liberal minded city.
  • John Brown

    John Brown
    John Brown and other abolitionist followers raid the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, then in Virginia. He plans to start a slave insurrection and provide refuge for fleeing slaves. Federal troops capture him and kept him. Later he is eventually tried and hanged. Authorities find a letter from Douglass to Brown. Douglass flees to Canada and then to a planned lecture tour of England to escape arrest on charges of being an accomplice in Brown's raid.
  • Death of Annie

    In March his daughter Annie dies in Rochester. She died at age 12 . In April Frederick Douglass returns to the United States and is not charged in the John Brown raid. In November Abraham Lincoln is elected president. In December South Carolina secedes from the Union.
  • The Civil War begins

    African Americans were ready and willing to fight in the Civil War, but President Lincoln and Union leaders were not sure how they felt about enlisting black troops. By 1860, Douglass was well known for his efforts to end slavery and his skill at public speaking. During the Civil War, Douglass was a consultant to President Abraham Lincoln. He tried to convince him that slaves should serve in the Union forces. Also that the abolition of slavery should be a goal of the war.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation takes effect, abolishing slavery in the states that are "in rebellion."By the end of the war, about 186,000 African American men had enlist. In February Douglass becomes a recruiter for the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, the first regiment of African-American soldiers; his sons Lewis and Charles join the regiment. Eventually his son Frederick Douglass Jr. becomes an army recruiter also. About 180,000 African Americans serve in the Civil War on the Union side.
  • Lincoln Death

    Lincoln Death
    Actor John Wilkes Booth entered the presidential box at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C., and shot President Abraham Lincoln. As Lincoln slumped forward in his seat, Booth leapt onto the stage and escaped through the back door.A doctor in the audience rushed over to examine the paralyzed president. Lincoln was then carried across the street to Petersen's Boarding House, where he died the next morning. In December 18 the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, outlawing slavery, is ratified.