Folio Task 1

  • Functionalism

    Functionalism was based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness. (weiten) The Chief for the emergence of functionalism was William James. In 1872 an opportunity arose for him to join a faculty of Harvard University. As he became highly intelligent in the field of study he wrote a landmark book in 1890 called The Principles of Psychology. This book became standard reading for psychologists for generations and is perhaps the most influential text i
  • Psychoanlytic

    Psychoanalytic theory originated with the work of Sigmund Freud through his clinical work with patients suffering from mental illness. After his studying he came to believe that childhood experience and unconscious desires influence behaviour. He came up with a theory that describes development in a series of psychosexual stages. Conflicts that occur can have lifelong influences on personality and behaviour. Psychoanalytic theory was highly influential during the first half of the 20th century a
  • Behaviour

    psychology as the behaviourist views it is a purely experimental natural branch of science (Psychology as the Behaviourist Views it). The theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behaviour. A man named John B Watson was the man who established the psychological school of behaviourism and published the article “Psychology as the Behaviourist Views it”. In 1920, Watson carried out an experiment called “Little Albert” with his assistant Rosalie Rayner and has become one of the most controv
  • Evolutionary

    Evolutionary psychology is an approach in the natural sciences that looks at traits like memory, perception and language. Its goal is to find out which Human psychological traits are evolved adaptations. A man called David Buss is a professor of psychology at The University of Texas and is known for his work on Human sex differences in mate selection. His main interests in Evolutionary psychology are aggression, conflict, peace, close relationship, emotion and gender psychology. He talks about t