First Half of the 19th Century

  • Washington DC: Our New Capital

    Washington DC: Our New Capital
    The city named Washington DC becomes our country's new capital. It was established in the Constitution that this city would be the nation's capital. More about our Nation's Capital
  • Value of the U.S. Dollar Almost Doubles

    Value of the U.S. Dollar Almost Doubles
    The doubling of the U.S. dollar means that it was harder in the United States to make money and the dollar was more valuable. This means people were less wealthy and it was harder to come up with the money to pay people for doing jobs and buying food. Gold also was only $19 for an ounce, but back then that was a ton of money. Now gold is $1,410 and the value of gold is still a lot of money.
  • Beginning of the Barbary War

    Beginning of the Barbary War
    Tripoli declared war on the United States because the United States refused to pay them money so they wouldn't attack US trading ships. This was the first war outside of national boundaries that the USA was involved in. Part of the "Marine's Hymn" was written to commemerate this war.
  • Lousiana Purachase

    Lousiana Purachase
    The United States purchased Louisiana territory in 1803 from France. The purchase included what are now Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska. Also, part of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado were included.This was a huge purchase for the United States.
  • End of Barbary War

    End of Barbary War
    The United States attacked Dema, Tripoli on April 27, 1805. The battle lasted until June 4, which is when the Barbary War ended.
  • Slave Trade is Over

    Slave Trade is Over
    When the slave trade ended, it brought a lot of people back to the United States. Ship captains thought since they weren't on land they could still sell and buy slaves, but they still got caught and were charged money. Slaves were in danger if the captain got caught with a slave on board because the slave could've got thrown overboard.
  • James Madison Becomes President

    James Madison Becomes President
    James Madison is elected as the 4th President, with George Clinton as his Vice President. Back in the 1800s, the Vice President was the person who came in 2nd in the Presidential campaign.
  • American Population

    American Population
    In the 1810 census, the population of America was 7.2 million people. There were 1.4 million African American people, 1.2 were slaves. Most of the other people in America were white.
  • National Road to the West

    National Road to the West
    In 1811, architects began buildings road to the west. This made the population of America and America itself bigger.
  • Beginning of the War of 1812

    Beginning of the War of 1812
    Congress approved war against Britain, even though the British had already attacked the United States. The war started because the British were attacking US ships, as they found out British seamen were deserting their ships for the more comfortable American ships.
  • The Election of 1812

    The Election of 1812
    DeWitt Clinton ran against James Madison in the presidential election. James Madison was reelected for his second term. The U.S. was engaged in the War of 1812, during his Presidency.
  • James Madison and the Loss of the White House

    James Madison and the Loss of the White House
    While James Madison was president, the Capital was burned down by the British during an invasion. They burned the White House and the Capital building. The construction of the Washington Monument was postponed due to this invasion.
  • End of the War of 1812

    End of the War of 1812
    A peace treaty between Britain and the United States brought the war to an end. A final battle was fought after the official end of the war, as the soliders weren't aware of the end of the war. More about the War of 1812
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    The Era of Good Feelings was a period in the U.S. history when the Federalist party felt they didn't have a say in votes or anything related to politics. After the War of 1812, they all wanted to go back to normal and forget the issues they had. They eventually made an economy based on a different industry.
  • Immigration

    Immigration
    In 1818, 30,000 people migrated to America. All came for better jobs and better lives.
  • Expansion of the USA

    Expansion of the USA
    Americans moved towards the Appalachian Mountains for more land, kicking the Natvie Americans out of their homes.
  • Territories become Cities

    Territories become Cities
    Territories such as New Orleans, Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Chicago become cities because of their huge masses of land and since they were large gateways for trading. This is still the same today; all of these cities are currently big.
  • First Angelo-American Migration

    First Angelo-American Migration
    The first Anglo-American settlement recruited 300 Mexican Pioneers to migrate to America. They decided to populate to what would later be Texas.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    President James Monroe presented the Monroe Doctrine. This document states that the United States will not tolerate European interference in the Western Hemisphere. More about the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Pass of Two Great Founding Fathers

    The Pass of Two Great Founding Fathers
    John Adams, our 2nd president, along with Thomas Jefferson, our 3rd president, pass away on Independence Day, July 4. These men were important founding fathers of the United States.
  • Second Bank of America is Abolished

    Second Bank of America is Abolished
    When Andrew Jackson became president, he chose to abolish/charter the Second Bank of America. He did this because it had too much power and control over other banks.
  • Andrew Jackson is Inaugurated

    Andrew Jackson is Inaugurated
    Now in the Democratic Party, Andrew Jackson is inaugurated, replacing John Quincy Adams after his sole term in office. Sometimes this election is called the "Stolen Election" because Andrew Jackson won most of the popular votes, but did not have enough electoral votes to win. This means that the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome of the election.
  • 600,000 People Migrate to America

    600,000 People Migrate to America
    Almost 600,000 people came to America from Europe. They came to America because the crops and fertile was so rich and cheap.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    In 1830, Congress had passed the Indian Removal Act, forcing many tribes to relocate to the Indian Territory in the current state of Oklahoma.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    30 years after the railroad was confirmed to be built in Philadelphia there were over 9,000 run aways from people running through the Underground railroad. The railroad was a good thing because it was a quick way for people to migrate, but bad because it was easy for people to run away.
  • Immigration Doubles

    Immigration Doubles
    The number of people coming to the United States in the 1830s was 599,000, four times as many as came in the 1820's. The cheap and fertile land attracted Europeans. The largest immigrant groups continued to be the Germans, the Irish, and the British
  • Farming Machines Begin to Change Agriculture

    Farming Machines Begin to Change Agriculture
    Machines such as the "Cyrus McCormick's Mechanical Reaper", "John Deere's Steel-blade Plow", and the "Pitts Brothers' Grain Thresher " begin to shape the American agricultural business.
  • The Hit and Miss Assassination of Andrew Jackson

    The Hit and Miss Assassination of Andrew Jackson
    President Andrew Jackson, ecounters an unsuccessful assassination attempt from an unemployed house painter in the U.S. Capitol. Jackson attacked his attacker with a cane after two point blank shots were fired. This turned out to be the first ever attempt to kill the U.S. President.
  • Texas Fort Captured

    Texas Fort Captured
    The Alamo fort in San Antonio, Texas, is captured by Mexicans under the lead of Santa Anna, killing 200 Texans, including Davy Crokett and Jim Bowie.
  • Texas Declares Independence

    Texas Declares Independence
    Texas declared its independence from Mexico to become the Republic of Mexico. This is step towards becoming part of the United States.
  • The Panic of 1837

    The Panic of 1837
    A drop in the price of cotton and tightening of the British Credit, stopped an overheated economy and helped cause the Panic of 1837. This was a depression that lasted until about the mid 1840's.
  • Martin Van Burren Elected President

    Martin Van Burren Elected President
    Martin Van Burren as President and Richard M. Johnson as Vice President were inaugurated into office.
  • US population

    US population
    In the 1840 census, it said that the population in America was 17,069,453 people. In the ten years the population increased by over 4 million people.
  • Immigration 1840

    Immigration 1840
    1,427,337 people from European countries immagrated to America. Most of the immagrants settled in either Wisconsin or Minnesota. Many people immagrated to America because of the potato famine in Europe.
  • The Ten-Hour Shift Workday

    The Ten-Hour Shift Workday
    Martin Van Buren establishes the ten-hour work shift for federal employees on public works. This meant that the people who couldn't really get an education or provide for their families could because their work day was four hours shorter.
  • "Oregon or Bust"

    "Oregon or Bust"
    "Oregon Or Bust" - that slogan inspired thousands to risk life and limb on the Oregon Trail to settle the fertile land of the Pacific Northwest.
  • President Tyler's Bad Decision

    President Tyler's Bad Decision
    The bill establishing the Second Bank of the U.S. was vetoed by President Tyler, which caused an angry riot among the Whig part members on White House grounds. It is proven that it is the most violent commotion on the grounds in U.S. history.
  • Child Labor Laws

    Child Labor Laws
    Massachusetts reduces the working hours for children to 10 hours a day. This law is emulated and passed by other states in Unites States.
  • Canadian-American Border Fixed

    Canadian-American Border Fixed
    The United States and Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains is fixed due to the signing of the Webster-Ashburton treaty. Today, the United States and Canada is the longest undefended border in the world.
  • The Sewing Machine is Invented

    The Sewing Machine is Invented
    The Sewing Machine is invented in 1846 by Elias Howe. Also during this decade, vulcanized rubber (regular rubber today), and the safety pin are invented, which had a huge affect on business and industry. Now carts could have wheels, and shirts could be sewn together faster.
  • War Against Mexico

    War Against Mexico
    The United States declares war against Mexico. This desicion was generally backed by the Southern states and not by the Northern states. Mexico declared war back ten days later.
  • Abraham Lincoln and President Polks Handling

    Abraham Lincoln and President Polks Handling
    Abraham Lincoln, a congress man from Spingfield, Illinois, attacked President Polk's handling of the Mexican War during a speech in the House of Representatives.