In January 1881, an inter-colonial conference was held in Sydney to discuss the particular issue of customs duties.
The Federal Council
The British Parliament passed the Federal Council of Australasia Act 1885 (UK) on 14 August and after the colonies passed adopting acts, the Federal Council was formed.
Parkes and his 'Tenterfield Address
Realising the inadequacies of the Federal Council, Sir Henry Parkes made a second attempt at Federation. At the Tenterfield School of Arts on 24 October 1889, he gave a famous speech which called for the need of a national government
With Parkes as its president, the National Australian Convention was convened at Parliament House in Sydney between March and April 1891. 1891 & 1897- 1898
As the ANA had proposed in Corowa, the people of the colonies then had to vote in a referendum on the Constitution. 1898- 1899
As the colonies were still being ruled by Britain, for Federation to be established, legislation needed to be passed by the British Parliament.
The Commonwealth of Australia
On 1 January 1901, what had been legally disparate colonies the previous day were now States of Australia. Celebrations were to be found all across the new nation.