How and why civil war 1

Events Leading to Civil War

  • Period: to

    Mid 19th Century

  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri Compromise establishes the 36, 30 degree line which makes any state below the line a slave state (including Missouri) and every state above a free state. This creates a distinct seperation between people in the north and people in the south.
  • War with Mexico

    War with Mexico
    President James k. Polk wanted exspansion so he sought to take California, New Mexico, and parts of Texas from Mexico because Mexico would not sell. Polk won the war, but northerners saw it as a potential way of expanding slavery. Two years later the Treaty of Hidalgo was signed giving the U.S. these territories.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    Congressman David Wilmot, writes the Wilmot Proviso, which he intended it to be a law that would ban slavery in newly acquried territories, but it was shut down by the senate. This further damaged the relationship between the north and south for the southern fear of the abolishment of slavery scratching the surface.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act made it neccisary to pursue run-away slaves for people not only in the south, but in te north as well. This greatly established the Underground Railroad. Also run-away slaves would get a trial by special comissioner.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Repealed the Missouri Compromise's prohibition of slavery north of the 36, 30 line in new territories. It also introduced the idea of popular sovereignty. This further seperated the relationship between the north and south.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Border Ruffians, which were pro slavery people from missouri, tried to intimidate those who wanted to vote free state. Then Northern abolitionist brought weapons and then hundred died in a seris of senseless killings. A town by the name of Lawrence was destroyed by a pro slavery mob which made it clear that there was no cooperation ewteen the north and south.
  • Republican Party

    Republican Party
    The events of Bleeding Kansas led to the creation of the Republican Party which was established in Ripon, Wisconsin. This was clear signal for war beteen the north and south.
  • 2-Party System

    2-Party System
    Now there was a distinct difference between the to parties. Republicans showing views of the north and Democrats showing interests of the south, which led to the two parties becoming more and more radical with their decion making.
  • Congressman Beats Senator

    Congressman Beats Senator
    Congressman Preston of South Carolina litterally beats Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts half to death with a cane. First instant with fighting between north and south with respected government officails.
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott
    Southern dominated Supremem Court rules Dred Scott, a slave whos master dies and is turned to a free state, guilty for trying to flee slavery. This really showed the north how serious the south was with the policy of run-away slaves.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    In this year Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin became one of the best sellers of all time. This book arngered the north by describing the dreadfulness of slave life, and angered the south by inacuretly stereo-typing every slave owner as a monster.
  • Illinois Election

    In an Illinois election between Abe Lincoln and Stephen Douglas had one of the most famous debates in American history. Liincoln did not want to continue to be free and slave states and Stephan Douglas argued popular sovereignty.
  • John Brown

    John Brown
    John Brown planed a slave revolt in Harper's Ferry, Virginia, but failed. Southerners were now in panic because of the notion of the north trying to supply slaves for revolts.
  • 1860 Presidential Elections

    Was a race between Abe Lincoln(Republican) and Breckinridge(Democrat). Lincoln won with his views and also the greater population in the north. South believed that this would be the end of slavery if the didn't secede.
  • The Crittenden Compromise

    The Crittenden Compromise
    The last resort to saving the Union by returning the policys of the Missouri Compromise, but it failed and the Civil War was almost inevitable.
  • Fort Sumter Falls

    Fort Sumter Falls
    Most of south secedes from the north and threat of war is scraching the surface. Then southern fources attack Fort Sumter to prevent the north from resupplying it. This was the beginning of the bloddiest war in American history.