European Integration Timeline by Meerim Nurbekova

  • Schuman Declaration

    Schuman Declaration
    French foreign minister Robert Schuman proposed the creation of a European Coal and Steel Community, The Schuman Declaration
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Six countries sign the treaty: France Germany the Benelux states and Italy
  • Establishment of ECJ

    Establishment of ECJ
    It was established with seven judges, allowing both representation of each of the six member States with headquarters in Luxemburg
  • The rejection of EDF

    The rejection of EDF
    French parliament delays ratification and ultimately rejects the idea of EDC
  • Western European Union (WEU) established

    Western European Union (WEU) established
    The Western European Union (WEU) was a defensive alliance composed of ten Member States: Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The primary purpose of the organisation was to offer mutual military assistance in case of external aggression and it provided a strong basis for the development of European defence cooperation.
  • Empty Chair Crisis

    Empty Chair Crisis
    As from July 1965, in opposition to a slew of Commission proposals addressing, among other things, the financing of the Common Agricultural Policy, France boycotted the meetings of the Council and insisted on a political agreement concerning the role of the Commission and majority voting if it were to participate again.
  • Treties of Rome

    Treties of Rome
    The six members of the ECSC sign the Treaty of Rome setting up the European Economic Community EEC and the European Atomic Energy Community Euratom. The EEC aims to create a common market a customs union plus free movement of capital and labour.
  • European Commission

    European Commission
    headquarters in Brussels and luxemburg. It is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU
  • council of EU

    council of EU
    Role: Voice of EU member governments, adopting EU laws and coordinating EU policies
    Members: Government ministers from each EU country, according to the policy area to be discussed
    President: Each EU country holds the presidency on a 6-month rotating basis
    Established in: 1958 (as Council of the European Economic Community)
    Location: Brussels (Belgium)
  • EP as Common Assembly

    EP as Common Assembly
    legislative assembly of the European Union (EU). Inaugurated in 1958 as the Common Assembly, the European Parliament originally consisted of representatives selected by the national parliaments of EU member countries. Beginning in 1979, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) were elected by direct universal suffrage to terms of five years.
  • Luxemburg Compromise

    Luxemburg Compromise
    The Luxemburg compromise represents
    a move toward increased intergovernmentalism in order to resolve the Empty
    Chair Crisis—the French boycott of Council of Minister meetings which arose
    out of French objection to increasing supranationalism in the European
    Economic Community (EEC). The Luxemburg Compromise reinforces
    intergovernmentalism in the EEC through the following measures: first, it gives
    governments the right to veto proposals in the Council of Ministers if their
    national interests were
  • Customs Union

    Customs Union
    Agreement on these four principles between the six founder Member States ( Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands)
  • 1st Enlargement (UK,Denmark,Ireland

    1st Enlargement (UK,Denmark,Ireland
    The three countries and Norway had failed to join
  • European MOnetary System

    European MOnetary System
    It encourages countries to coordinate a central exchange rate under the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). This provides the basis for creating a single European currency in the future (i.e. the Euro). All members apart from the UK join the ERM.
  • 2nd Enlargement: Greece

    2nd Enlargement: Greece
    Greece becomes the ECs 10th member
  • 3rd enlargement:Portugal Spain

    3rd enlargement:Portugal Spain
  • SEA enters into force

    SEA enters into force
    The SEA modifies the Treaty of Rome aiming to complete the formation of a common market which the earlier treaty had begun. It abolishes national vetoes in a host of areas relating to the single market increases the legislative powers of the European parliament and makes the first commitment by member states to create a "European Union".
  • Berlin Wall fall

    Berlin Wall fall
    The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased. That night, ecstatic crowds swarmed the wall. Some crossed freely into West Berlin, while others brought hammers and picks and began to chip away at the wall itself. To this day, the Berlin Wall remains one of the most powerful and enduring symbols of the Cold War.
  • German reunification

    German reunification
    West and East Germany reunified. the conservative coalition headed by Kohl retained power
  • Treaty of European Union Maastricht Treaty

    Treaty of European Union Maastricht Treaty
    The Maastricht Treaty comes into force on 1 November. The European Union
    (EU) is established
  • 4th: Austria, Denmark , Sweden

    4th: Austria, Denmark , Sweden
  • Schengen Agreement comes into force

    Schengen Agreement comes into force
    Allows EU citizens to cross national borders without visa or passport checks. France, Germany, Portugal, Spain and the Benelux countries are the first to drop border controls (except on the EU's external borders). With the exception of the UK and Ireland, other member states follow later.
  • European Central Bank

    European Central Bank
    is established in Frankfurt, Germany. It is responsible for setting monetary policy for the Euro countries and managing their foreign reserves.
  • Amsterdam treaty came into force

    Amsterdam treaty came into force
    amending the Treaty of the European Union, The Treaty of Amsterdam increased powers of the European Parliament in diverse areas including new abilities to legislate on immigration, civil and criminal law and to enact foreign and security policy (CFSP), as well as institutional changes for expansion as new member nations of the EU join.
  • NIce treaty came into force

    NIce treaty came into force
    It amended the Maastricht Treaty (or the Treaty on European Union) and the Treaty of Rome. The Treaty of Nice reformed the institutional structure of the European Union to withstand eastward expansion, a task which was originally intended to have been done by the Amsterdam Treaty, but failed to be addressed at the time.
  • The biggest Enlargement

    The biggest Enlargement
    10 coutries entered.
  • rejection the Constitutional Treaty in referenda,

    rejection the Constitutional Treaty in referenda,
    Dutch and Freanch people rejected the treaty in referendum
  • 6th enlargement: Bulgaria and Romania

    6th enlargement: Bulgaria and Romania
  • Lisbon treaty

    Lisbon treaty
    It amends the Maastricht Treaty (1993), which also is known as the Treaty on European Union, and the Treaty of Rome (1958), which also is known as the Treaty establishing the European Community
  • European Council

    European Council
    heads of state or government of the member states, along with the council's own president and the president of the Commission. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy also takes part in its meetings.[1] Established as an informal summit in 1975, the council was formalised as an Institution in 2009 upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon. The current president of the European Council is Donald Tusk.
  • the last Enlargment: Croatia

    the last Enlargment: Croatia